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Complex Movements Evoked by Electrical Stimulation of Motor Cortex

Michael S. A. Graziano

in The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes electrical stimulation studies in the macaque motor cortex, in which stimulation on a behaviorally relevant time scale evoked complex movements that resembled behaviorally ... More


Port de Bras

Barbara Walczak and Una Kai

in Balanchine the Teacher: Fundamentals That Shaped the First Generation of New York City Ballet Dancers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813032528
eISBN:
9780813046310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032528.003.0023
Subject:
Music, Dance

All parts of the body should participate in arm movements, whether accompanying steps or while standing still. The wrists and elbows should relax with the movement of the arms, and the torso, head, ... More


Dimokrasi Prat to Rawt Malan!

Mandy Sadan

in Being and Becoming Kachin: Histories Beyond the State in the Borderworlds of Burma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265550
eISBN:
9780191760341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265550.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the failure of early attempts at democracy in the Union of Burma and the slide towards conflict in the Kachin region. It uses detailed analysis of the life story of one of the ... More


Violence

Mandy Sadan

in Being and Becoming Kachin: Histories Beyond the State in the Borderworlds of Burma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265550
eISBN:
9780191760341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265550.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter outlines a context against which armed revolt in the Kachin region can be understood at a social level during the period 1961–94. It focuses on how the ideological justifications of this ... More


Social Implications of Motor Control

Michael S. A. Graziano

in The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter speculates on several points of contact between human social behavior and the control of basic motor repertoire. Topics covered include the relationship between defensive reactions and ... More


Muscle activation patterns and joint-angle coordination in multijoint movements

Stan Gielen

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0159
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Although human motor performance appears to be remarkably flexible and easy, the underlying neuronal operations are only vaguely understood, even for well-studied eye, head, and arm movements. The ... More


Frames of reference used in goal-directed arm movement

Sylvie Vanden Abeele, Marc Crommelinck, and André Roucoux

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0181
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the frames of reference used in goal-directed arm movement. To generate a hand movement toward a visual stimulus, various sensory messages must be collected and selected by the ... More


The Space Inside

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes how the brain forms maps of the body in relation to the internal world. It illustrates that arm movements cannot be controlled by some linear feedback mechanism. It shifts the ... More


Introduction

Marie Lecomte-Tilouine

in Revolution in Nepal: An Anthropological and Historical Approach to the People's War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198089384
eISBN:
9780199082483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Using long-term ethnography and micro history, the antecedents of the People’s War and it broke out in Nepal’s rural areas are examined. Denunciation of Brahmanocracy by ethnic activists in the 1990s ... More


Keeping Up With the Times: The Growth of Support from Non-State Actors for the Polisario Liberation Movement

Alice Wilson

in Social Currents in North Africa: Culture and Governance after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190876036
eISBN:
9780190943127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876036.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on how the Polisario Liberation Movement has transformed itself and the support networks from which it benefits. Interested in how continued attention to longstanding support ... More


Dilemmas of the New European Order: The Muslim Question and the Yugoslav Civil War

Emily Greble

in Sarajevo, 1941-1945: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Hitler's Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449215
eISBN:
9780801460739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449215.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores Muslim efforts to craft an autonomous and future-oriented policy in the midst of civil and world wars. It begins with an overview of Sarajevo's experience with the largest armed ... More


From Seeing and Reaching to Hearing and Speaking: Circular reaction, streaming, working memory, chunking, and number

Stephen Grossberg

in Conscious Mind, Resonant Brain: How Each Brain Makes a Mind

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190070557
eISBN:
9780190070588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190070557.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This far-ranging chapter provides unified explanations of data about audition, speech, and language, and the general cognitive processes that they specialize. The ventral What stream and dorsal Where ... More


The Italian Communist Party between “Old Comrades in Arms” and the Challenges of the New Armed Left

Gerardo Leibner

in Toward a Global History of Latin America's Revolutionary Left

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781683401698
eISBN:
9781683402350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401698.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

During the 1960s the Italian Communist Party (PCI) developed a policy of dialogue and support toward many Latin American Communist Parties and left-wing organizations. The Cuban Revolution and the ... More


Epilogue: (Dis-)Continuing Amílcar Cabral

António Tomás

in Amílcar Cabral: The Life of a Reluctant Nationalist

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197525579
eISBN:
9780197610831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197525579.003.0013
Subject:
History, African History

Having lost the war politically, with the independence of Guinea and the recognition of Guinean state by dozens of countries, Estado Novo was entering into a crisis of legitimacy. Members of the ... More


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