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The Evolution of Intelligent Design Arguments

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Two versions of the argument from design are distinguished: first, the argument that organisms exhibit design (biological design); and second, the argument that the universe as a whole does ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


New Theological Strategies

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0024
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

No other part of Spinoza's assault on authority, tradition, and faith proved so generally disquieting as his Bible criticism. His principles of Bible hermeneutics seemed to threaten the very ... More


Dickinson’s Precarious Steps, Surprising Leaps, and Bounds

Maurice S. Lee

in Uncertain Chances: Science, Skepticism, and Belief in Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797578
eISBN:
9780199932412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797578.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Dickinson’s approach to the limitations of knowledge can be understood in terms of probabilistic expectation, which has profound epistemological and aesthetic consequences for her poetry. As chance ... More


Beauty in Stoic Theological Arguments

Aistė Čelkytė

in The Stoic Theory of Beauty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474461610
eISBN:
9781474490559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474461610.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter is dedicated to analysing theological arguments in which aesthetic vocabulary plays a role. In these arguments, the beauty of the world is used to make an inference about its rational ... More


Mendelssohn, Kant, and Proofs of the Existence of God in Kant’s Pre-Critical Period

Paul Guyer

in Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198850335
eISBN:
9780191885389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850335.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews Mendelssohn’s early defense of the ontological and cosmological arguments for the existence of God, then examines Kant’s criticism of those arguments, especially in his 1763 book ... More


Is it Providential, by Chance? Christian Objections to the Role of Chance in Darwinian Evolution

J. Matthew Ashley

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

One objection to Darwinian evolution that surfaced early, crosses Christian denominational lines, and continues to resurface even today, is that the role given to chance in the Darwinian telling of ... More


Divining Adaptation

Emily Pawley

in The Nature of the Future: Agriculture, Science, and Capitalism in the Antebellum North

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226693835
eISBN:
9780226693972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226693972.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Chapter 6 examines the success with which improvers convinced themselves that certain landscapes were innately “adapted” to particular future modes of production, an assumption built into free trade ... More


The Naïve Teleological Argument: An Argument from Design for Ordinary People

C. Stephen Evans

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter considers an argument from design, meant for those without a technical scientific background, and based on Thomas Reid’s concept of natural signs. For Reid, sensations function as ... More


The argument from design

Andrew Briggs, Hans Halvorson, and Andrew Steane

in It Keeps Me Seeking: The Invitation from Science, Philosophy and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808282
eISBN:
9780191866944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808282.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The argument from design is, generically, an attempt to argue from features of the natural world to the conclusion that it is the result of intelligent or considered creative action. The chapter ... More


Explanation, Idealism, and Design

Daniel Greco

in Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746973
eISBN:
9780191863622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746973.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this chapter is twofold. First, it shows how versions of physicalism, dualism, and idealism can be formulated as theses about grounding, or metaphysical explanation, rather than as more ... More


The Problem of the Evolvability of Gene Regulation Networks

Roger Sansom

in Ingenious Genes: How Gene Regulation Networks Evolve to Control Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195812
eISBN:
9780262298209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195812.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the superb engineering of organisms, which was the foundation of the argument from design for the existence of God. This argument was most famously presented by the natural ... More


It Keeps Me Seeking: The Invitation from Science, Philosophy and Religion

Andrew Briggs, Hans Halvorson, and Andrew Steane

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808282
eISBN:
9780191866944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808282.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Two scientists and a philosopher aim to show how science both enriches and is enriched by Christian faith. The text is written around four themes: 1. God is a being to be known, not a hypothesis to ... More


Part Two

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Part 2 of the Dialogues, Cleanthes presents his proposed proof of the existence of a deity, with Philo evaluating it on its own terms, echoing passages from the Treatise and Enquiry.


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