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High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

William M Alley and Rosemarie Alley

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Groundwater is the primary source of drinking water for half of the world’s population and is critical for global food security. Simultaneously, groundwater provides enormous environmental benefits ... More


Human impacts and desertification

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is a common myth that deserts are extremely sensitive to perturbation. While it is true that tracks made decades ago can still be seen in certain desert areas, there are also large regions of ... More


Not All Aquifers Are Created Equal

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines how geology and climate create vastly different groundwater situations. Effective management of groundwater depends upon full consideration of these differences. The chapter ... More


Synthesis and Future Directions

Earl B. Alexander, Roger G. Coleman, Todd Keeler-Wolfe, and Susan P. Harrison

in Serpentine Geoecology of Western North America: Geology, Soils, and Vegetation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165081
eISBN:
9780197562123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165081.003.0031
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Ultramafic rocks come from deep within the earth. Most rocks on the surface of the earth are quite different from them. Unique rocks make unique soils and ... More


Water in Serpentine Geoecosystems

Earl B. Alexander, Roger G. Coleman, Todd Keeler-Wolfe, and Susan P. Harrison

in Serpentine Geoecology of Western North America: Geology, Soils, and Vegetation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165081
eISBN:
9780197562123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165081.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Water is continuously cycled from the atmosphere through geoecosystems to water bodies and, by evaporation and evapotranspiration, back to the atmosphere. ... More


State of the States: Geographic Patterns of Diversity, Rarity, and Endemism

Geoffrey A. Hammerson and Larry E. Morse

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195125191
eISBN:
9780197561331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125191.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The natural geography of the 50 states varies tremendously, supporting an equally varied suite of wild species—from flocks of tropical birds in southern Florida to ... More


Some Representative Subterranean Communities

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820765
eISBN:
9780191860485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820765.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Among shallow subterranean habitats, representative communities of hypotelminorheic (Lower Potomac seeps, Washington, DC), epikarst (Postojna–Planina Cave System, Slovenia), milieu souterrain ... More


Farming Facts

Lisa Kemmerer

in Eating Earth: Environmental Ethics and Dietary Choice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199391844
eISBN:
9780197562994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391844.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Cheap meat, dairy, and eggs are an illusion—we pay for each with depleted forests, polluted freshwater, soil degradation, and climate change. Diet is the most critical ... More


Garbage of the Golden West

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

In May 1970, Look magazine ran an International Paper Company advertisement, “The Story of the Disposable Environment,” which envisioned a time when “the entire ... More


Expert Systems In Environmental Geology

W. Skala and S. Heynisch

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0026
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Geoscientific environmental research deals with very complex problems requiring integration of knowledge from many different fields. Computer-based risk evaluation ... More


Scale Differences: Akragas and Morgantina

Dora P. Crouch

in Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195072808
eISBN:
9780197560266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195072808.003.0027
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

Can we discern differences in the way water was managed at larger and smaller Greek cities? Let us take two Greek cities in Sicily as case studies, ... More


Hybrid Waters: On Water,Nature, and Society

Erik Swyngedouw

in Social Power and the Urbanization of Water: Flows of Power

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233916
eISBN:
9780191916519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233916.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Social and Political Geography

In recent years, we have become increasingly aware of the importance of water as a critical good, and questions of water supply, access, and management, ... More


Saturated Flow

Arthur W. Warrick

in Soil Water Dynamics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195126051
eISBN:
9780197561355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195126051.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Saturated conditions generally exist below a water table, either as part of the permanent groundwater system (aquifer) or in the vadose zone as perched water. For ... More


Karst: Shaped by Water from the Inside Out

James C. Currens

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the extent and formation of karst in Kentucky: how the dissolution of limestone by water shapes the underground and surface of over half of Kentucky; the ways that hydro ... More


Water and People at the Confluence

Amanda Abnee Gumbert

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Kentucky’s waterways carry a history of the landscape as well as life-sustaining water. Watersheds are any area of land draining water to a common water body, and the quality of the water body ... More


Everyone’s Property is No One’s Property

Geoffrey Heal

in Endangered Economies: How the Neglect of Nature Threatens Our Prosperity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180849
eISBN:
9780231543286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180849.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Much natural capital is common property – owned by no one. Important examples are water and fish. Such property is generally greatly overused – the lamentable histories of the American bison and the ... More


Beyond Rain

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The chapter begins with looking at ways humans have dealt with drought—praying for rain, hiring a rainmaker, or hoping for the best. After World War II, the widespread availability of rural ... More


Recharge and Recycling

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Managed aquifer recharge is a widespread and growing practice. In addition, using recycled water for groundwater recharge and water supply continues to grow as water resources are increasingly ... More


Poisoning the Well

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Virtually all chemicals that humans use can find their way into groundwater. The cost of aquifer protection through proper handling and disposal of hazardous chemicals is miniscule compared to the ... More


Transboundary Aquifers

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The difficulties of determining who has the right to use groundwater and how much they can pump becomes even more complicated for aquifers that cross international boundaries. The chapter discusses ... More


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