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How Do We Know Necessary Truths?

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a general framework for properly understanding Kant's famous modal-epistemological slogan, ‘reason has insight only into what it self-produces according to its own design,’ in ... More


 The A Priori Structure of Reasons

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The final chapter intends to revive reason or rationality as a source of the a priori in a roughly Kantian spirit. Therefore, the two notions of apriority introduced in Chapter 6 and their dynamic ... More


 Reasons and Apriority

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Conditional ranks also allow explicating a subjective notion of (deductive or non-deductive) reason, i.e., positive relevance, which is at the base of all current notions of (theoretical) reasons. ... More


Coulda, Woulda, Shoulda

Stephen Yablo

in Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Despite the enormous amount of work on the metaphysical/conceptual distinction, the distinction remains not terribly well understood. One reason is that the conceptual side of the distinction did not ... More


The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Wolfgang Spohn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Ranking theory will be claimed to deliver the first full account of the dynamics of belief and to be the legitimate sister of probability theory. This entails its deep significance for fundamental ... More


Frege on Apriority (2000)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter compares Frege's conception of apriority with those of Kant and Leibniz. The oddity (indeed, mistake) in Frege's explaining apriority in terms of derivation from general laws is ... More


Moral Knowledge: Pure Reason and the Law

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 focuses on moral knowledge and examines the epistemic component of autonomy that supports a cognitivist, objectivist, and Kantian realist interpretation of right. The argument is set up ... More


Freedom as Constraint: The Morality of Autonomy

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 4 draws some of the broader consequences of the anti-naturalist assumptions of the theory of autonomy defended here, by looking both at alternative readings of Kant and at broader questions ... More


A Priority and Application:: Philosophy of Mathematics in the Modern Period

Lisa Shabel

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In the 17th and 18th centuries, mathematics was understood to be the science that systematized our knowledge of magnitude, or quantity. But the mathematical notion of magnitude and the methods used ... More


Conceptual Analysis and Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Those who think philosophers appeal to intuitions when they make judgments about cases also tend to see philosophers as engaged in conceptual analysis when they appeal to cases and vice versa. The ... More


Centrality and Philosophical Practice

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some so-called moderate rationalists such as Bealer present a controversial picture of philosophy: methodological rationalism. In addition to claiming that philosophers rely on intuitions as ... More


Kant on Apriority and the Spontaneity of Cognition

Houston Smit

in Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes up a suggestion Robert M. Adams makes in his book on Leibniz, that the original notion apriority continues to enjoy currency in the 17th and 18th centuries. On this notion of ... More


Knowledge of Logic

Paul Boghossian

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Paul Boghossian defends a meaning‐based approach to the apriority of the propositions of logic. His model is based on the idea that the logical constants are implicitly defined by some of the axioms ... More


Representation, Scepticism, and the A Priori

Frank Jackson

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Frank Jackson investigates the theoretical commitments of certain stances about semantics as far as they shed light on the dispute between meaning‐based and non‐meaning‐based approaches to explaining ... More


Apriority as an Evaluative Notion

Hartry Field

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hartry Field argues that meaning‐based approaches to explaining the apriority of certain propositions fail to succeed in their endeavour. He suggests that adopting what one calls a ‘non‐factualist’ ... More


Apriority and Existence

Stephen Yablo

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stephen Yablo, rejecting meaning‐based approaches to apriority explanation, explores the suggestion that the apriority of existence claims within the abstract sciences might be attributable to their ... More


The Skeptical Argument Impugning Psychophysical Identity Statements: on its Significance and the Cost of its Philosophical Resources

LaPorte Joseph

in Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609208
eISBN:
9780191745027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609208.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the skeptical argument impugning psychophysical identities is significant if convincing and that the significant impact of the argument comes at little cost, in terms of ... More


Generality and Objectivity in Frege’s Foundations of Arithmetic

William Demopoulos

in Logic, Language, and Mathematics: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199278343
eISBN:
9780191881442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199278343.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues for two principal contentions, both of which mark points of divergence from the neo-Fregean position first developed in Crispin Wright’s monograph Frege’s Conception of Numbers as ... More


Cognitive Propositions

Scott Soames

in New Thinking about Propositions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199693764
eISBN:
9780191761126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693764.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter argues that propositions are cognitive acts, operations, or event types, and sketches their role in perception, cognition, and the use of language. Simple and complex propositions, and ... More


Kantian Conceptual Geography

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is a work in Kantian conceptual geography. It explores issues in analytic epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics in particular by appealing to theses drawn from Immanuel Kant’s ... More


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