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Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Kenneth M. Heilman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many ways to study the brain. Although anatomical and physiological studies can help us understand the substrates of behavior, most of what we have learned about how the brain mediates ... More


The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Casey Perin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Sextus Empiricus' Outlines of Pyrrhonism is one of the most important and influential texts in the history of Greek philosophy. This book examines those aspects of Pyrrhonian Scepticism as Sextus ... More


The neuropsychological assessment and treatment of disorders of voluntary movement

Georg Goldenberg

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.020
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses the assessment and treatment of incorrect awkward movements and disturbed voluntary control of motor actions. Incorrect and awkward movements can occur on one or both sides of ... More


Manual praxis

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines manual apraxia, which refers to the difficulty in carrying out movements with the hands and arms which is not due to weakness or immobility. Topics covered include the ... More


Constructional ability

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines constructional apraxia, also known as visuoconstructive disability, which refers to an impairment in forming designs, objects, or materials with the hands, under visual ... More


Manual sign language

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines manual sign language disorders following pathology to the brain. Disorders in manual sign language occur following pathology to the left hemisphere in right-handers. These ... More


Representations for actions

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the elementary component of motor cognition — action representation. A historical survey of the early attempts at answering the question of the embodiment of action ... More


Plutarch On The Difference Between The Pyrrhonists And The Academics

Mauro Bonazzi

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

A clarification of Plutarch's attitude towards scepticism will help us to assess his Platonist stance. But his attitude is not clear and scholars diverge, ranging from the view that Plutarch was not ... More


The Organization of Language and the Brain (1970)

Norman Geschwind

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Norman Geschwind in 1970. Geschwind helped revive the interest in brain-language relations in the 1940s-1950s. His work on the cerebral representation of ... More


Cognitive-Motor Skills

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms that underlie cognitive motor skills. Topics covered include movement memories or representations, praxis and handedness, and mechanical knowledge. To ... More


Appearances and Action

Casey Perin

in The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The apraxia objection to Scepticism is the claim that there is a feature of Scepticism as Sextus Empiricus describes it—a feature that makes Scepticism the kind of philosophy and the way of life ... More


The assessment of acquired spoken language disorders

Claus-W. Wallesch, Helga Johannsen-Horbach, and Gerhard Blanken

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.13
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The acquired language and speech disorders comprise aphasia, speech apraxia, dysarthria, and language impairments in dementia and confusional states. This chapter considers the first three conditions.


Treatment of spoken language disorders

Jane Marshall

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.15
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

There are three broad types of speech disorder that can arise from brain damage: dysarthria; apraxia (or dyspraxia); aphasia (or dysphasia). The first two affect the muscular control or coordination ... More


Optic apraxia

W. Poppelreuter

in Disturbances of Lower and Higher Visual Capacities Caused by Occipital Damage: With Special Reference to the Psychopathological, Pedagogical, Industrial, and Social Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521907
eISBN:
9780191724664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521907.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on a symptom which has been considered too little in the context of cerebral visual disturbances, yet which nevertheless merits great attention. Visual processing, lower as well ... More


Apraxia

Ferdinand Binkofski and Kathrin Reetz

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The term apraxia (Greek: inactivity) was first used to describe failures in the performance of purposeful actions and the incorrect use of objects by patients with aphasia. Apraxias are higher motor ... More


A neurodevelopmental framework for research in childhood apraxia of speech

Lawrence D. Shriberg

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes the rationale, methods, and genetic findings for a neurodevelopmental framework for research in childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). The proposed framework is motivated by the ... More


Neurosciences

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199552122
eISBN:
9780191917806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199552122.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Limb Apraxia: A Disorder of Goal-Directed Actions

Anne L. Foundas

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

Apraxia comprises a wide-spectrum of higher order motor disorders that affect the performance of learned skilled movements. This chapter focuses on limb apraxia and the nature of the spatiotemporal ... More


Hugo Karl Liepmann

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Liepmann combined the physiological and the psychological approach to apraxia in a model of motor control providing an anatomical basis for the conversion of multimodal mental images of intended ... More


The decline of diagrams

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In the middle of the twentieth century Liepmann’s theories of apraxia lost their dominance. Alternative theories of apraxia were influenced by the ‘holistic’ doctrine which denied the validity of ... More


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