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Liberation Technology

Matt Tierney

in Dismantlings: Words against Machines in the American Long Seventies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501746413
eISBN:
9781501746567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501746413.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter talks about liberation technology as a term for a situated theory of communitarian tool-use, developed in the activist and philosophical work of Seneca leader John C. Mohawk, also known ... More


Appropriate Technology, Inappropriate Marketing

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the World Health Organization's (WHO) policies that attempted to regulate the behavior of multinational corporations in developing countries. In particular, it discusses three ... More


Selfhoods:: Geeks, Activists, and Countercultures

Christina Dunbar-Hester

in Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028127
eISBN:
9780262320498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028127.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how radio activists formed close and complex relationships with radio technology. It argues that they constructed geek, activist, and countercultural identities around radio ... More


Homes, Household Practices, and the Domain(s) of Citizenship

John M. Meyer

in Engaging the Everyday: Environmental Social Criticism and the Resonance Dilemma

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028905
eISBN:
9780262327107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028905.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Home and household practices have become a normatively appealing foundation for environmentalism in the past couple decades. It is at the root of many calls for environmental justice and has been ... More


Making an Impact: Entrepreneurial Approaches to Environmentalism

Jesse Goldstein

in Planetary Improvement: Cleantech Entrepreneurship and the Contradictions of Green Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037822
eISBN:
9780262346139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037822.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 2 contextualizes planetary improvement within the rise of business environmentalism over the latter half of the 20th century. Through the re-appropriation of well-established critiques of the ... More


Frugal Innovations for the “Bottom of the Pyramid”

Charles Weiss

in The Survival Nexus: Science, Technology, and World Affairs

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190946265
eISBN:
9780197571941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946265.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter presents examples of innovative technologies for low-income and disadvantaged people. Such innovations often offer unattractive prospects for profit and require collaboration between ... More


Pirates, Hams, and Protest:: Radio Activism in Historical Context

Christina Dunbar-Hester

in Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028127
eISBN:
9780262320498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028127.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter provides an overview of the history of broadcasting and regulation relevant to the birth of the Low-Power FM service in 2000. It discusses technical and political formations that ... More


Innovation for Pro-Poor Growth: From Redistribution with Growth to Redistribution through Growth*

Raphael Kaplinsky

in Towards Human Development: New Approaches to Macroeconomics and Inequality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198706083
eISBN:
9780191775260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706083.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Despite an accelerating pace of growth over the past decade, apart from China most low- and middle-income economies have seen an increase in the number of people living below $1.25 per day. The ... More


Obstacles to Adoption

Edward Beatty

in Technology and the Search for Progress in Modern Mexico

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520284890
eISBN:
9780520960558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284890.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The final two chapters examine those factors that constrained the adoption of new technologies and the assimilation of new knowledge and expertise. Despite the centrality of technological change ... More


Exporting Inappropriate Paradigms in Agriculture and Energy

William B. Bonvillian and Charles Weiss

in Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199374519
eISBN:
9780199374540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374519.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The paradigms in US legacy sectors have implications beyond America’s borders. Most poor, developing countries lack the technological and innovative capacity to strike out in fundamentally new ... More


Sustaining Democracy in Hard Times: Participatory Theory for Local Environmental Governance

Frank Fischer

in Climate Crisis and the Democratic Prospect: Participatory Governance in Sustainable Communities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199594917
eISBN:
9780191842108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199594917.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This final chapter explores ideas previously taken up and relates them to political theory, democratic deliberative politics in particular. Up to this point, these ideas have been presented as ... More


Alloyed: Countercultural Bricoleurs and the Design Science Revival

Andrew Kirk

in Groovy Science: Knowledge, Innovation, and American Counterculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226372884
eISBN:
9780226373072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226373072.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1960s and 70s an ad hoc collection of countercultural designers united to celebrate the partnership of made and born, science and craft, nature and culture working toward an early version of ... More


A Quest for Permanence: The Ecological Visioneering of John Todd and the New Alchemy Institute

Henry Trim

in Groovy Science: Knowledge, Innovation, and American Counterculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226372884
eISBN:
9780226373072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226373072.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the visioneering of John Todd and the New Alchemy Institute. In the 1970s this group of counterculture scientists and back to the land advocates founded their own scientific ... More


Hologram Communities

Sean F. Johnston

in Holograms: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712763
eISBN:
9780191781131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712763.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Holograms increasingly inhabited new cultural niches that were at odds with their origins. Competing notions about appropriate science and applications of holograms fostered distinct communities in ... More


Water for Life

Rutger van Santen, Djan Khoe, and Bram Vermeer

in 2030: Technology That Will Change the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195377170
eISBN:
9780197562680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195377170.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Over a billion people don’t have access to a safe water supply. And a third of the world’s population lacks basic sanitation with the result that more than 2 billion human beings are afflicted with ... More


The 1970s: Shocks, Stagflation, and the Second UN Decade of Development

John Loxley

in The World Economy through the Lens of the United Nations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817345
eISBN:
9780191858864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817345.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The UN’s Second Development Decade strategy aimed at 6 per cent annual economic growth and greater equity among social groups. The Survey supported the call for a New International Economic Order, a ... More


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