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The European Guilds

Sheilagh Ogilvie

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Guilds ruled many crafts and trades from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution, and have always attracted debate and controversy. They were sometimes viewed as efficient institutions that ... More


English Apprenticeship: A Neglected Factor in the First Industrial Revolution

Jane Humphries

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of apprenticeship in the British Industrial Revolution. The apprenticeship system contributed in four ways. First, it provided training of necessary skills in the ... More


The Young Preacher

John Wigger

in American Saint Francis Asbury and the Methodists

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387803
eISBN:
9780199866410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387803.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

At about age sixteen Asbury began to pray in public meetings and then to “exhort and preach.” He also joined a class meeting at West Bromwich and a band at Wednesbury. Classes and bands were ... More


Entering into the World: University and Apprenticeships

Henry French and Mark Rothery

in Man's Estate: Landed Gentry Masculinities, 1660-1900

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199576692
eISBN:
9780191738852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576692.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

Chapter Two traces the growth of male autonomy at university and in metropolitan training: a key stage in the development of manliness and Gentry status. Sons often stretched the boundaries of ... More


Daughters and Maidservants

SHEILAGH OGILVIE

in A Bitter Living: Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205548
eISBN:
9780191719219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205548.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the training and work of dependent unmarried women — that is, female offspring living at home and female servants living in the household of their masters — in the ... More


In Search of Preferment

Eleanor Hubbard

in City Women: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199609345
eISBN:
9780191739088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609345.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter argues that most women in London were originally migrants from elsewhere in England, who arrived in the city around the age of eighteen to serve as maidservants. It presents quantitative ... More


From Managerial to Contested Control in Germany

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Like its US counterpart, the characteristic features of the post‐war system of corporate governance in the former West Germany have deep roots in the region's history. Section 7.2 of this chapter ... More


The Boom in Education

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

One reason why Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea appear to have industrialized rapidly is that they have invested relatively heavily in education. A well‐educated work force, both white‐ and ... More


Innovation

Sheilagh Ogilvie

in The European Guilds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter addresses how guilds dealt with technological innovation. Innovation is a final sphere in which market failures are widespread in premodern economies, as in modern ones. On the one hand, ... More


Externships: A Special Focus to Help Understand and Advance Social Justice

LIZ RYAN COLE

in The Global Clinical Movement: Educating Lawyers for Social Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381146
eISBN:
9780199869305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381146.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the externship model of clinical legal education and argues that law students who apprentice to an experienced practitioner, while simultaneously receiving close support from ... More


Work

Steve Hindle

in On the Parish?: The Micro-Politics of Poor Relief in Rural England c.1550-1750

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271320
eISBN:
9780191709548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271320.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the often neglected labour and employment schemes in the Elizabethan relief statutes. It explains the problems which led to the abandonment of experiments to set the poor on ... More


Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Christopher B. Bean

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In its brief seven-year existence, the Freedmen’s Bureau became the epicenter of the debate about Reconstruction. Cognizant of its responsibilities, partisans fiercely debated its necessity. ... More


Gendered Consequences of Vocational Training

Margarita Estévez-Abe

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter delves into the gendered effects of different training and educational systems. It poses the following three questions. Are some specific types of vocational training and educational ... More


Partner and Contractor to Government

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Modern chambers rely to a major extent on government finance through contracts. Early relationships developed through municipal improvement and local partnerships. This expanded to cover various ... More


Institutional Change in German Vocational Training: From Collectivism toward Segmentalism

Kathleen Thelen and Marius R. Busemeyer

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter argues that the German system of vocational training is changing in subtle but significant ways from a strongly collective system based on broad and portable occupational skills toward a ... More


The Long Road to Collective Skill Formation in the Netherlands

Karen M. Anderson and Dennie Oude Nijhuis

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The current vocational education and training (VET) system in the Netherlands originated in the training initiatives undertaken by private actors in the artisan and industrial sectors in the ... More


Educational Policy Actors as Stakeholders in the Development of the Collective Skill System: The Case of Switzerland

Philipp Gonon and Markus Maurer

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The historical development of Switzerland’s collective skill formation system is strongly interrelated with the structure and overall trajectory of the country’s political economic system. From early ... More


Austrian Corporatism and Institutional Change in the Relationship between Apprenticeship Training and School-Based VET

Lukas Graf, Lorenz Lassnigg, and Justin J.W. Powell

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Austria’s vocational education and training (VET) system displays a unique structure that joins a strong dual apprenticeship system with a robust full-time school-based VET. This school-based ... More


Continued Collectivism: The Role of Trade Self-Management and the Social Democratic Party in Danish Vocational Education and Training

Moira Nelson

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The present-day Danish vocational training system exhibits a strong collective orientation. After providing an overview of the way that the current system operates, this chapter adopts a historical ... More


Free Blacks

Brenda E. Stevenson

in Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195118032
eISBN:
9780199853793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118032.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The origins of the free colored community in Loudoun can be traced to the early 18th century settlers of the region. Later on, offspring of impoverished free men and women earned their freedom after ... More


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