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Project Appraisal and Planning Twenty Years On

James A. Mirrlees and I. M. D. Little

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the application of appraisal in decision making. Project appraisal is usually used as a reduction in uncertainty or as an acquisition of information. The process of appraisal ... More


Fuzzy Management: Contemporary Ideas and Practices at Work

Keith Grint

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775003
eISBN:
9780191695346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775003.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This book is designed for those who find current management orthodoxies inadequate, who are interested in alternative ideas and how they might be applied to management practice, but are not ... More


An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Andrew Green

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This text, the latest edition, explains the importance of health planning in both developing regions such as Africa, and those in transition, such as Central and Eastern Europe. It stresses the ... More


Introduction

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the purpose of the book, which is to present a system of critical appraisal to help with the evaluation of studies in the health and ... More


Meta-analyses and Systematic Reviews

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

A meta-analysis is an analysis using either aggregate results or individual patient data from published trials. It is done to provide a more comprehensive and informative view of results than is ... More


Axiological Appraisals and Alternative Possibilities

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends the view that the truth of various judgments of intrinsic value is essentially tied to our having objective reasons, and so the truth of such judgments presupposes that we have ... More


What Is Interesting?

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195158557
eISBN:
9780199786824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What makes something interesting? This chapter critically reviews the long body of thought on the causes of interest. D. E. Berlyne’s seminal research on curiosity, arousal, and reward is reviewed in ... More


Assessing health needs

John Wright

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: health needs and the importance of assessing these needs; the steps to take when assessing health needs; what routine data can be used in assessing health ... More


Freedom, Normative Judgments, and Reason

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The principal issues to be discussed in the book are summarized in Chapter 1, such as alternative possibilities, objective reasons, free will, moral responsibility, moral sentiments. A ... More


Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Banks and financial institutions are faced with two apparently conflicting phenomena — interest rate deregulation on the one hand and capital adequacy requirements and prudential norms on the other. ... More


The nature of emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a definition of emotion as states elicited by rewards and punishers, that is, by instrumental reinforcers. A theory of emotion is put forward which includes categories of ... More


A Guide to Social Epistemology *

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter summarizes social epistemology and its taxonomies. It presents a wider range of measures of epistemic appraisal, as well as a framework that classifies the varieties of social ... More


Motivating, Appraising, and Rewarding

Felice Davidson Perlmutter, Darlyne Bailey, and F. Ellen Netting

in Managing Human Resources in the Human Services: Supervisory Challenges

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195137071
eISBN:
9780199865611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137071.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines the interconnection of three primary responsibilities of managerial supervisors in relationship to their staff: motivation, performance appraisal, and reward. It begins with a ... More


Introduction: The Significance of Paul A. Samuelson in the Twenty-First Century

Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, Aron A. Gottesman, and Kenneth J. Arrow

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter looks at the various ways in which Paul Samuelson was appraised by the contributors. The features that stand out bear close correspondence with scientific, mathematical ... More


Developmental Impact

David Finkelhor

in Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342857
eISBN:
9780199863631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342857.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter examines how the impact of victimization changes over the course of childhood. It provides a critique of the dominant traumatic stress model for analyzing victimization impact, ... More


New Era of Lending: Tandon Committee and Its Aftermath

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the lending system proposed by the Tandon Committee in 1975, which was later perfected by the Chore Group The greatest strength of this system lay in its simplicity and ... More


Cost, Profitability, and Break-Even Analysis

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

It is important for a banker to make a marginal analysis of the profitability for a deeper understanding of the cost and profit behaviour of a business or a product. This chapter introduces the ... More


Project Appraisal: Methods and Techniques

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter provides a basic framework for appraising the overall feasibility and bankability of a term loan proposal. It presents certain tools of analysis that lender that could be used to make a ... More


Small Business Loan

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents a case study to highlight the approach and techniques used to appraise a small credit proposal. Small loans granted by the banks may turn out to be bad debts. It shows that ... More


Epistemic Value

Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains a collection of chapters on value in epistemology. Two themes loom large. One is about the value of knowledge. There are problems deriving from Plato's Meno concerning whether ... More


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