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Patronage

Matthew Flinders and Matthew Denton

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the issue of public appointments and patronage. Contrary to media suggestions and the public's perception, research suggests that the sphere of delegated governance is no ... More


The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Procedure of the UN Security Council is the definitive book of its kind and has been widely used by UN practitioners and scholars for over twenty years. This new revised and ... More


Gorbachev and Foreign Policy

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev was able to have a decisive impact on the development of ideas concerning the Soviet Union's relationship with the outside world and on the actual conduct of Soviet foreign policy by virtue ... More


The Activism of Indirectly and Directly Elected Presidents

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues to evaluate the effect of selection methods on presidential activism with a thorough investigation of countries employing indirect (Estonia, Hungary, Germany) or direct ... More


Relations With Other Organs

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses relations of the UN Security Council with other organs. The first organ discussed is the UN Military Staff Committee, for which a chronology of activities and instructions is given for the ... More


Appointment and Voting Systems

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While the study of electoral systems is highly developed, intraparty voting systems used in candidate selection are largely ignored due to problems of accessibility to data. In a voting system, votes ... More


The Senior Civil Service in Belgium

Marleen Brans and Annie Hondeghem

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Belgian senior civil service is in transition, with external pressures clearly pushing the government firmly towards a reform agenda and improving public confidence in the administrative system, ... More


Policing at the Top: The Roles, Values and Attitudes of Chief Police Officers

Bryn Caless

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781447300168
eISBN:
9781447305507
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300168.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The world of the chief police officer is not clearly understood, even by those within policing, or by those who have formal and political oversight of police command. The police themselves argue that ... More


Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Can too much participation harm democracy? Democratic theory places great importance upon the conduct of elections, but it is not often recognized that the electoral game takes place in two arenas, ... More


Representation

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter assesses how responsible the political parties' candidate selection process is for representation by analyzing the links between the various aspects that delineate candidate selection ... More


Competition

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In order to explain what political competition is in the context of candidate selection, this chapter examines the ways that scholars have operationalized competition within political parties and ... More


Responsiveness

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses each of the four main dimensions of candidate selection (candidacy, selectorate, decentralization, and voting/appointment) according to its impact on different aspects of ... More


Party Patronage in Iceland: Rewards and Control Appointments

Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter applies two theories of patronage to Iceland. According to rewards theory, patronage is used by party leaders to reward supporters in a clientelist network of exchange. Control theory, on ... More


Participation in Politics

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the judges’ participation in politics. Participation in politics prior to high court or SCI appointment was more common than most realize. Only two judges have been active in ... More


Arrival on the High Court

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0029
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the judges’ arrival to the high court. Appointment to the high court came at an average age of 46.4. There was some variation among the high courts concerning the age for ... More


Age and Tenure

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines age and tenure in the SCI. The average age of appointment to the SCI was 58.5. The age of appointees depended to some extent on who was the CJI. There is, of course, some ... More


Schism

John Wigger

in American Saint Francis Asbury and the Methodists

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387803
eISBN:
9780199866410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387803.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

William Glendinning and William Hammet represented two significant challenges to Asbury’s authority in the early 1790s. Though neither was much of a direct threat, together they helped to set the ... More


The Clergy

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of the position of the clergy in the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, before the Enlightenment. The following aspects are covered: numbers of clergy, private ... More


V9. Judicial Review

Matthew Flinders

in Democratic Drift: Majoritarian Modification and Democratic Anomie in the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199271597
eISBN:
9780191709234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271597.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

The logic of legal constitutionalism promotes the role of judges as external regulators of political behaviour. It therefore seeks to increase the degree of constitutional rigidity by seeking to ... More


Effective Collaboration with Patients—On a Tight Schedule

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Brief office visits pose a clear challenge to the delivery of effective healthcare. Keeping the information–motivation–strategy model in mind, this chapter reviews how a division of labor among ... More


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