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Science and Technology between the World Wars

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A sustained discourse about the relationship between science and technology only emerged after World War I. This discourse drew on the nineteenth-century concept of applied science. But applied ... More


The Link between Vocational Training and Higher Education in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany

Rita Nikolai and Christian Ebner

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

In recent years, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have adopted different strategies to increase permeability between dual vocational training and higher education. Germany relies on the ... More


From Art to Applied Science: Creating a “Semantic Void”

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

As the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century gave way to the Enlightenment of the eighteenth, collaboration between artisans and men of letters strengthened, despite persistent ... More


Natural Form, Mathematical Form, and Platonist Errors

Michail Peramatzis

in Priority in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588350
eISBN:
9780191728877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588350.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 4 addresses the negative issue of what, in Aristotle's view, natural forms should not be understood as: their essence is not like that of mathematical or Platonist forms. After comparing ... More


Defining (Scientific) Direction:: Soviet Nuclear Physics and Reactor Engineering during the Cold War

Sonja D. Schmid

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter uses nuclear physics and reactor engineering as an example to illustrate uniquely Soviet discussion over “fundamental” and “applied” research during the Cold War. Post-Stalinist ... More


Self-Reliant Science:: The Impact of the Cold War on Science in Socialist China

Sigrid Schmalzer

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the emergence of a set of mutually reinforcing priorities in Cold War-era Chinese science: application, native techniques, mass mobilization, and most importantly, self-reliance. ... More


Technology in the Social Sciences before World War II

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the turn of the twentieth century until World War II, the concept of technology gradually diffused throughout the social sciences. This diffusion did not, however, lead to a cohesive ... More


Suppression and Revival: Technology in World War II and the Cold War

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the end of the 1930s, the concept of technology seemed on the verge of becoming a keyword in academic discourse. But during and after World War I, science became even more identified with ... More


Impacts and Influences

Ian Shaw

in Social Work Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231166409
eISBN:
9780231541602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166409.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Following reflections on how scientists in social work and other fields have contemplated the challenge of contributing to the application of their work, I consider four questions: 1. How should we ... More


A School in Full 1995–2007

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the growth of Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1995–2007. It first considers the deanship of Zvi Galil and the ... More


Concluding

David Byrne

in Applying social science: The role of social research in politics, policy and practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424518
eISBN:
9781447301486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424518.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter draws on the arguments presented in preceding chapters in developing a proposal for the proper forms and role of applied social science in the 21st century with a particular emphasis on ... More


The methodological foundations of applied social science

David Byrne

in Applying social science: The role of social research in politics, policy and practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424518
eISBN:
9781447301486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424518.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter addresses ‘the methodological foundations of applied social science’. It begins with a critique of existing meta-theoretical positions through a consideration of the implications of ... More


Rival Ideologies of Science

in Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068633
eISBN:
9780226068664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Publishers and authors—including scientists—usually hoped to make money from popular science literature, but most of the authors also had deeper motivations. Some scientists felt that it was ... More


A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Robert McCaughey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book provides a social history of Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS). It combines archival research with oral testimony and contemporary interviews to build a ... More


A Lever Long Enough: Seas at one Hundred Fifty

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter evaluates the status of Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) as it celebrates its 150th anniversary. It first looks at the SEAS faculty, which increased ... More


Practical Knowledge for All

in Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068633
eISBN:
9780226068664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Some of the revolutionary developments in science had immediate practical implications. And it was these applications that were most likely to catch the attention of general readers. There was some ... More


The Institutionalizing Research University: Rise of the Scientific Tradition

in Creating New Knowledge in Management: Appropriating the Field's Lost Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770750
eISBN:
9780804778374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The business school is part of the research university, a twentieth-century invention that established the research profession and professoriate and integrated the values of professional science into ... More


Uneven Ascent 1980–1994

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines developments at Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1980–1994. The departure in 1980 of William J. McGill as Columbia ... More


The Private Argument between Chester Barnard and Herbert Simon about the Boundaries of Management Science

in Creating New Knowledge in Management: Appropriating the Field's Lost Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770750
eISBN:
9780804778374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines Chester Barnard's epistemology for a management science and his argument with Herbert Simon, founder of organization science. Simon separated research from experience, thus ... More


Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Don Leggett and Charlotte Sleigh (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79 provides a ‘big picture’ account of science in modern Britain. It charts the changing contours of science and illuminates its role in governing the nation. ... More


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