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An Anchoring Model of Errors

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter offers a specific error-driven theory of lightness framed in terms of the rules of anchoring. The lightness model described in Gilchrist et al. (1999) is presented in more detail in this ... More


Introduction

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The introduction sets out the attractions and drawbacks of mathematical platonism, then gives an overview of the anti-platonistic argument of the book, paying particular attention to the difficulties ... More


Applying Mathematics

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A division is drawn between empirical sentences, pure mathematical sentences, and mixed sentences, including bridge principles. Mixed sentences are made-true relative to a calculus when derivable ... More


Undertake a Critical Review of the Evidence: Evaluate Its Rigor, Impact, and Applicability

Mark J. Macgowan

in A Guide to Evidence-Based Group Work

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183450
eISBN:
9780199864935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183450.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the third stage of evidence-based group work. It offers guidance and tools for critically evaluating the group-based evidence collected from the search completed in stage two. ... More


Balancing of Human Rights and Investment Law in the Inter-American System of Human Rights

Pedro Nikken

in Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578184
eISBN:
9780191722561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578184.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter recalls that the inter-American system of human rights protects property as an individual right. However, the system is not the forum to protect business activity against arbitrary acts ... More


Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

Daniel Thomas Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664504
eISBN:
9780191748516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Brownian diffusion is the motion of one or more solute molecules in a sea of very many, much smaller solvent molecules. Its importance today owes mainly to cellular chemistry, since Brownian ... More


Inference, Deduction, Logic

Ian Rumfitt

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gilbert Ryle tried to carry his ‘anti-intellectualist’ crusade into the province of logic, long taken to be one of the opposition's strongholds. Throughout that crusade, Ryle rightly stressed the ... More


A Priority and Application:: Philosophy of Mathematics in the Modern Period

Lisa Shabel

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In the 17th and 18th centuries, mathematics was understood to be the science that systematized our knowledge of magnitude, or quantity. But the mathematical notion of magnitude and the methods used ... More


THE LOGICISM OF FREGE, DEDEKIND, AND RUSSELL

William Demopoulos and Peter Clark

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The common thread running through the logicism of Frege, Dedekind, and Russell is their opposition to the Kantian thesis that our knowledge of arithmetic rests on spatio-temporal intuition. Our ... More


An Introduction to Medieval Interpretation of the Qurʼān

Jane Dammen McAuliffe

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Commentary on the Qurʼān, as both activity and achievement, has been a remarkably stable enterprise over the long centuries of its production. The tradition of Qurʼānic exegesis continues to occupy a ... More


Clarifying Methodological Issues: A Way Forward

Michael Saini and Aron Shlonsky

in Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387216
eISBN:
9780199932092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387216.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Although there are a number of qualitative researchers who support the development of methods that integrate knowledge across studies, these same authors also acknowledge that the broad term ... More


Hertz on the domain of applicability of his mechanics

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter analyses Heinrich Hertz's views concerning the range of applicability of his mechanics, in particular his views about living systems. Hertz discussed these matters in the introduction of ... More


BCR and EU Rules of Private International Law

Lokke Moerel

in Binding Corporate Rules: Corporate Self-Regulation of Global Data Transfers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199662913
eISBN:
9780191746208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662913.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the interaction of Binding Corporate Rules (BCR) with rules of private international law (PIL), which is twofold. First there is the traditional function of PIL, where for ... More


Information Exempted from Disclosure

Sudhir Naib

in The Right to Information Act 2005: A Handbook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067474
eISBN:
9780199081226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067474.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers the different information categories that are not liable to disclosure. It provides a detailed discussion of each of the 11 exemptions, while considering the different ... More


The Court's Response to Hard Cases of Applicability

Marius Emberland

in The Human Rights of Companies: Exploring the Structure of ECHR Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199289837
eISBN:
9780191700545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289837.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The European Court of Human Rights' admissibility of a private complaint depends on whether there is compatibility between the interests pursued and the interests protected by the provision. The ... More


The Police Oversight Commissioner

Desmond Rea and Robin Masefield

in Policing in Northern Ireland: Delivering the New Beginning?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381502
eISBN:
9781781382172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381502.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter sets out the role of the Police Oversight Commissioner as envisaged by the Independent Commission, the appointment of the first Commissioner (Tom Constantine) and his support team (and ... More


Data Analysis and Modeling

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter provides a guidebook to the basic issues in quantitative data analysis and modeling. It shows how we test the quality of a model and fit the model to observed data. The quality of a ... More


The Significance of the State

V. S. Soloviev

in Politics, Law, and Morality: Essays by V.S. Soloviev

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300079951
eISBN:
9780300128376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300079951.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter's essay talks about an individual's inalienable right to existence and perfection and argues that this moral right becomes possible only if its actual implementation does not depend ... More


The Exclusive Argument

Arvind Sharma

in Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.003.0033
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the argument that human rights are Western in the sense that human rights are merely a Western concept, which the West is trying to pass off as universal through an elaborate ... More


Two Structuring Strategies: Detaching and Tethering

Lilah Grace Canevaro

in Hesiod’s Works and Days: How to Teach Self-Sufficiency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198729549
eISBN:
9780191796401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729549.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 2 investigates the role the poem itself plays in establishing its reception. This chapter considers how the potential for reuse interplays with a linear reading of the poem. In both ... More


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