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Introduction

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In a much-discussed passage in Republic 10 (602c-603b), Plato appears to divide the rational soul-part into two distinct sub-parts. By considering the passage in its context, the chapter shows that ... More


The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Hendrik Lorenz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato’s Republic introduces and employs an elaborate psychological theory whose core commitment it is that human motivation comes in three forms: rational, spirited, and appetitive. The Brute Within ... More


Motive

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas says that motives are responsible for the specification of human action. ‘Motive’ can generally refer to any principle of movement, but two meanings are especially significant in the context ... More


Parts of the Soul

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter raises and explains two central questions about Plato’s theory of the tripartite soul. First, what is involved in Plato’s claim that the embodied human soul is a thing of parts? ... More


The Simple Picture

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is widely held that in Republic 8, Plato acknowledges the occurrence within appetite of conflicts, in which it desires something or other and at the same time is averse to the thing in question. ... More


Imitation and the Soul

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

That appetite can form beliefs is presupposed in the Republic and denied in the Timaeus.This chapter explains this development in Plato’s psychological theory in terms of new thoughts about what is ... More


Belief and Reason

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

That appetite can form beliefs is presupposed in the Republic and denied in the Timaeus. This chapter explains this development in Plato’s psychological theory in terms of new thoughts about what is ... More


Below Belief and Reason

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato’s Timaeus denies appetite the capacity for belief and yet presupposes that appetite can give rise to action, and that it can receive commands and information from the rational part of the soul. ... More


Reason and Non-rational Desire

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The chapter explores Aristotle’s moral psychology, arguing that it not only leaves room for, but in fact requires, a conception of non-rational or non-intellectual cognition along the lines set out ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Charles R. Legg and David Booth (eds)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This is the first book to deal with both the psychological and neurobiological mechanisms in appetites for drugs, food, sex, and gambling, and considers whether there are common factors between them. ... More


Perspectives

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This concluding chapter looks at some of the big issues that remain in nutritional biology. Exploding protein into its constituent amino acids means having to deal with 19 extra dimensions, which is ... More


A Certain Gaiety of Heart

John Kekes

in Enjoyment: The Moral Significance of Styles of Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546923
eISBN:
9780191720109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546923.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Cellini was a great Renaissance artist. His autobiography shows a man with an exuberant style of life, whose attitude is pride, his manner virtu, and its project is the satisfaction of Cellini's ... More


Motivation and Desires

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 3 focuses on motivation in action with a view to answering the question what our reasons for action –what are called ‘motivating reasons’—are. After a discussion of motives, the focus moves ... More


Perceiving the Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the main objection to the argument of Chapter 1: how can non-rational appetites be for things qua good? It resolves the worry by offering an account of the most basic form of ... More


John Duns Scotus on the Passions of the Will

Ian Drummond

in Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Medieval philosophers usually explained the passions of the soul in terms of a bodily change, John Duns Scotus rejects this view and explains the passions in terms of the inclinations of appetitive ... More


Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of the Moral Imagination from Spenser to Rochester

Christopher Tilmouth

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212378
eISBN:
9780191707254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212378.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This book surveys ideas of passion, reason, appetite, and self-control in English literature and moral thought from 1580 to 1680. Drawing on tragedy, poetry, moral philosophy, and sermons, the book ... More


Introduction: the issues

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This introductory chapter asks a number of questions. What are emotions? Why do we have emotions? What is their adaptive value? What brain processes make us have emotions? Why does it feel like ... More


Souls, Soul-Parts, and Persons

C. D. C. Reeve

in Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199934430
eISBN:
9780199980659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934430.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Republic 4, the soul is divided into appetite, spirit, and reason. This chapter discusses the nature of these parts and their relation to soul and person. Reason alone, it argues, is a person. The ... More


Flavour hedonics

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that flavour hedonics contribute to three discrete functions: (1) acceptance or rejection of food prior to ingestion; (2) acceptance or rejection of food once it is initially ... More


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