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What Does “Biological Motion” Really Mean?: Differentiating Visual Percepts of Human, Animal, and Nonbiological Motions

Arieta Chouchourelou, Alissa Golden,, and Maggie Shiffrar

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For several decades, vision researchers’ use of the term “biological motion” has been used to refer to different things, including the category of all animal movements, the category of all human ... More


Spatiotemporal priority as a fundamental principle of object persistence

Jonathan I. Flombaum, Brian J. Scholl, and Laurie R. Santos

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This problem of object persistence has been studied in several disciplines in cognitive science. In this chapter, the authors review the many contexts in which spatiotemporal priority drives ... More


Paths of Apparent Human Motion Follow Motor Constraints

Maggie Shiffrar and Christina Joseph

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0077
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The phenomenon of apparent motion, or the illusory perception of movement from rapidly displayed static images, provides an excellent platform for the study of how perceptual systems analyze input ... More


Motion Perception

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines how the brain analyzes visual motion. Several brain areas are centrally involved in this process that include cortical areas V1, the middle temporal area (MT), the middle ... More


Two-Stroke Apparent Motion

George Mather

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0073
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

“Two-stroke” apparent motion is a powerful illusion of directional motion generated by alternating just two animation frames, which occurs when a brief blank interframe interval is inserted at ... More


White’s Effect in Lightness, Color, and Motion

Stuart Anstis

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

According to the work of White (1979), the background is a grating of black and white stripes, whose gray segments differ in hue based on the stripes they replace. This change in hue is deemed to be ... More


Evidence from Motion

Dale Purves

in Brains as Engines of Association: An Operating Principle for Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190880163
eISBN:
9780190054991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880163.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Perceived motion is defined as the apparent speed and direction of objects that are translating and/or rotating in three-dimensional space. It has long been clear, however, that the perceived speeds ... More


Illusory Color Spread from Apparent Motion

Carol M. Cicerone and Donald D. Hoffman

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Color from motion describes the perception of subjective color that spreads over physically achromatic regions that are seen in apparent motion. Multiple frames are shown in quick succession, each ... More


The Ternus Effect

Elisabeth Hein

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0099
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The Ternus effect refers to an ambiguous apparent motion display in which two or three elements presented in succession and shifted horizontally by one position can be perceived as either a group of ... More


Low-Level Motion Illusions

Stuart Anstis

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0063
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Visual motion stimuli can be defined as changes in luminance over space and time. Both kinds of change can alter the perceived speed and direction of motion. This chapter covers crossover motion; ... More


Attention-Generated Apparent Motion

Zhong-Lin Lu and George Sperling

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter explores attention-generated apparent motion. A flickering display can seem to appear to move in opposite directions depending on which feature the observer attends to in the display. ... More


Adaptation to Brightness Change, Contours, Jogging, and Apparent Motion

Stuart Anstis

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0108
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Frisby and Stone have dubbed adaptation the “psychophysicist’s electrode” and John Mollon once famously said, “If it adapts, it’s there.” Psychologists piously hope that their many experiments on ... More


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