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The Dynamics of Movement Membership: Joining and Leaving New Religious Movements

Stuart A. Wright

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines two dimensions of conversion/affiliation: the cultural and social structural factors affecting NRM growth; and conversion processes and models. The second section explores the ... More


Religion and Terrorism: Misreading al Qaeda

Paul Marshall

in Blind Spot: When Journalists Don't Get Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374360
eISBN:
9780199871902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374360.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes Islamist terrorists’ developed ideology and how to them this explains and justifies their brutalities. It then contrasts their stated motives and rationales with press coverage ... More


The Life and Times of Marius Victorinus

Stephen Andrew Cooper

in Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780198270270
eISBN:
9780191603396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270275.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the ancient testimonia to Victorinus, and reconstructs a probable vita of Victorinus. A professor of rhetoric at Rome who authored important school-treatises, and a translator ... More


Hard Evangelicals and the Apostate Church

William M. Shea

in The Lion and the Lamb: Evangelicals and Catholics in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195139860
eISBN:
9780199835232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139860.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The most important decision faced by American Evangelicals in the late 20th century was whether to regard the Catholic Church as either an apostate church or a heretical church. Those who hold the ... More


Soft Evangelicals and the Heretical Church

William M. Shea

in The Lion and the Lamb: Evangelicals and Catholics in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195139860
eISBN:
9780199835232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139860.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Reformation principles have made conservative evangelicals unable to view the Catholic Church as positively related to the Pauline gospel of free grace, as in some sense a Christian church. However, ... More


Julian and the Church 1

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0037
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The emperor Julian (‘the apostate’) had inwardly abandoned Christianity and converted to polytheism at the age of 20 in 351, and succeeded Constantius II in 361. Initially, Julian wanted religious ... More


Nativist Rebellions

Frank Graziano

in The Millennial New World

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195124323
eISBN:
9780199784561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195124324.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes how millennial, messianic, apocalyptic, and utopian ideas contributed to indigenous peoples’ response to conquest. The case material is diverse — from the preconquest Maya to ... More


Montaigne, Julian, and “Others”: The Quest for Peaceful Coexistence in Public Space

David M. Posner

in Democracy, Culture, Catholicism: Voices from Four Continents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267309
eISBN:
9780823272334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Michel de Montaigne’s treatment of fourth-century Roman emperor Julian in De la liberté de conscience offers a fascinating lesson in church-state relations and Montaigne’s relationship with himself. ... More


Atheism as a Vocation: Soviet Communism and Its Atheist Apologists

Victoria Smolkin

in Defending the Faith: Global Histories of Apologetics and Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197266915
eISBN:
9780191938177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266915.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In the Soviet Union, the figure of the “atheist apologist”—a propagandist charged with publicly denouncing religion and spreading atheism—emerged during Nikita Khrushchev’s antireligious campaign ... More


Spiritual and Secular Authority in the Fall

Nigel Mortimer

in John Lydgate's Fall of Princes: Narrative Tragedy in its Literary and Political Contexts

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199275014
eISBN:
9780191705939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275014.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Fall of Princes is one of the most consistently partisan poems Lydgate ever wrote: in addition to his complicity in national politics, Lydgate, a member of the abbey community at ... More


Epilogue: Julian and the Rejection of Sacrifice

Daniel Ullucci

in The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791705
eISBN:
9780199932436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791705.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

In the fourth century, the Roman Emperor Julian attempted to undo all the religious change wrought by the Christians. Julian was the first emperor after Constantine not to institute pro-Christian ... More


From Prophetess to Madwoman: The Displacement of Female Spirituality in the Post-Sabbatian Era: Women Out?

Ada Rapoport-Albert

in Hasidic Studies: Essays in History and Gender

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764821
eISBN:
9781800343412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764821.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on Sabbatianism, a messianic movement of unprecedented duration and scope that was centred on the charismatic personality of Sabbati Zevi. It introduces Sabbati as a kabbalist ... More


Responses to the Gentile World

Louis Jacobs

in Tree of Life: Diversity, Flexibility and Creativity in Jewish Law

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100394
eISBN:
9781800340299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100394.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the Talmudic rules on relationships between Jews and gentiles. The post-Talmudic halakhists who made rulings on Jewish–gentile relationships did so in the context of Muslim or ... More


Late Antique Aratus

Emma Gee

in Aratus and the Astronomical Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199781683
eISBN:
9780199345151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781683.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

If Ch. 5 showed how Roman epicists and dramatists of the first century AD ‘Lucretianised’ Aratus, Ch. 6 shows how Aratus’ last antique translator, the fourth century Avienus, ‘Platonises’ Aratus, ... More


Reconstructing Ashkenaz: The Human Face of Franco-German Jewry, 1000-1250

David Malkiel

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759502
eISBN:
9780804786843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759502.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This book shows that, contrary to traditional accounts, the Jews of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages were not a society of saints and martyrs, and offers revisions of commonly held ... More


Whose Pain?: Pain as a Locus of Meaning in Christian Martyr Texts

L. Stephanie Cobb

in Divine Deliverance: Pain and Painlessness in Early Christian Martyr Texts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293359
eISBN:
9780520966642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293359.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter Four examines stories in which pain does function as a marker of meaning. In some texts, martyrs experience bodily pain apart from persecution; severing worldly ties, for instance, may be ... More


The Medieval Legacy: Converts in the Culture of Ashkenaz

Elisheva Carlebach

in Divided Souls: Converts from Judaism in Germany, 1500-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084108
eISBN:
9780300133066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084108.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter is concerned with the image of Jewish converts within the medieval Ashkenazic tradition. It shows that the main difference between the conversion experience of the Jews of Sepharad and ... More


Julian the Apologist: Christians and Pagans on the Mother of the Gods

Shaun Tougher

in Rhetoric and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198813194
eISBN:
9780191851216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813194.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines how the myth and cult of the Mother of the Gods (with the associated figures of Attis and the supposedly self-castrating Galli) were utilized in the rhetorical construction of ... More


Converting to Islam and Returning to Christianity

Christian C. Sahner

in Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691179100
eISBN:
9780691184180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179100.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter explores the nature of conversion in the early medieval Middle East by focusing on the first half of these convert martyrs, who began their lives as Christians, embraced Islam, and then ... More


Emerging Adult Catholics, Their Faith, and the Church in Their Own Words

Christian Smith, Kyle Longest, Jonathan Hill, and Kari Christoffersen

in Young Catholic America: Emerging Adults In, Out of, and Gone from the Church

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199341078
eISBN:
9780199366972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199341078.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter uses third-wave National Study of Youth and Religion (NSYR) interview data to provide a qualitative description of the different types of American (ex-)Catholic 18-23 year olds in the ... More


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