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The Study of Homer

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Gladstone published five books and many articles on Homer, showing an eclectic antiquarian fascination with the ancient Greek poet. Initially he wished to demonstrate, against the case of the ... More


History, Memory, and the Invention of Tradition

Judith Lieu

in Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262892
eISBN:
9780191602818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262896.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The ‘invention’ of a past, an acknowledged feature in the construction of identity, can be illustrated by Graeco-Roman and Jewish writings. Conflicting claims to, and re-writings of, the same history ... More


Research into Rabbinic Literature: An Attempt to Define the Status Quaestionis

PETER SCHÄFER

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter aims to define to state of investigation of research into rabbinic literature. It describes the most important approaches in research on the basis of which rabbinic literature has been ... More


The Diffusion of Cults and Philosophies in the Pagan Roman Empire

GOODMAN MARTIN

in Mission and Conversion: Proselytizing in the Religious History of the Roman Empire

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263876
eISBN:
9780191682674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263876.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, Judaism

This chapter examines whether any pagan at any time felt a sense of mission to encourage others to share his beliefs, whether such mission was educational, apologetic, informative, or proselytizing, ... More


Introduction

CATHERINE OSBORNE

in Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate from Locke to Burke

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269427
eISBN:
9780191683640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269427.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about religion and Enlightenment in England during the 18th century and the theological debate from John Locke to Edmund Burke. ... More


Metaphysics before Physics: The Cambridge Critique of Newtonian Religious Apologetic

CATHERINE OSBORNE

in Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate from Locke to Burke

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269427
eISBN:
9780191683640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269427.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines criticism on Newtonian religious apologetic during the English Enlightenment period and discusses the conflict between physics and metaphysics. Philosopher P.M. Harman argued ... More


Epilogue

in Sojourners in a Strange Land: Jesuits and Their Scientific Missions in Late Imperial China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226355597
eISBN:
9780226355610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226355610.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For the members of the Society of Jesus who assumed the personae studied in this book, the figures of the saintly mathematician, the apologetic voyager, the Jesuit academician, and even the edifying ... More


Cut Loose from History: British Idealism and the Science of Religion

Peter Hinchliff

in God and History: Aspects of British Theology 1875-1914

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263333
eISBN:
9780191682483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263333.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the origins and ideas of British Idealism. It argues that the strength of idealism was that it seemed to offer sound arguments in support of theism. Christian theologians ... More


Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

D. H. Williams

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Christian apologetics in the patristic era should be understood broadly as a defense of Christian beliefs and practices against non-Christian beliefs, practices, and policies (religious, social, and ... More


5. Philosophy as Apologetics

Costica Bradatan

in The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226931
eISBN:
9780823235773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226931.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines George Berkeley's thought from the standpoint of the Christian apologetic tradition. It attempts to show that the roots of Berkeley's thought could be ... More


Introduction

Matt Jackson-Mccabe

in Jewish Christianity: The Making of the Christianity-Judaism Divide

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300180138
eISBN:
9780300182378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180138.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides a background of the concept of Jewish Christianity. Developed alongside critical New Testament scholarship, the idea of an early Jewish Christianity has long been ... More


The Invention of Jewish Christianity: From Early Christian Heresiology to John Toland’s Nazarenus

Matt Jackson-Mccabe

in Jewish Christianity: The Making of the Christianity-Judaism Divide

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300180138
eISBN:
9780300182378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180138.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains why Irish freethinker John Toland, in eighteenth-century London, began to reclassify groups long categorized as heresy as “Jewish Christianity.” More specifically, it argues ... More


Augustine's City of God: A Reader's Guide

Gerard O'Daly

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198841241
eISBN:
9780191876806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841241.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The City of God, written in the aftermath of the Gothic sack of Rome in AD 410, is the most influential of Augustine’s works. It has played a decisive role in the formation of the culture of the ... More


6. The Body “As It Was”: On the Occasion of Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ

John C. Waldmeir

in Cathedrals of Bone: The Role of the Body in Contemporary Catholic Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230600
eISBN:
9780823236923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230600.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter discusses positive commentaries of the Vatican on Mel Gibson's film The Passion of the Christ. It suggests that the rush to laud the film and the sense of certainty about it ... More


Worshippers of the Gods: Debating Paganism in the Fourth-Century Roman West

Mattias P. Gassman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190082444
eISBN:
9780190082475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190082444.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Worshippers of the Gods Worshippers of the Gods tells how the Latin writers who witnessed the political and social rise of Christianity rethought the role of traditional religion in the empire and ... More


Introduction

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to provide the reader with a contextualized overview of texts that fit the qualifications of an apology, instead of operating from a ... More


Matters of Definition and Qualification: An Elementary Review

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents a review of concepts and terms relevant to Christian apologetics. It suggests that the oratorical form of apologia is best regarded as a subgenre, given that it appears within, ... More


The Construction of Christian Self-Definition

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the fact that the producers of apologetic literature were also the major architects of the Christian system of thought and belief. It accounts for the work that was done to ... More


Earliest Christian Responses

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers the earliest Christian apologetic literature. Paul’s speeches in Acts served as an initial mold by which several kinds of apologetic technique were later formed. In Luke’s ... More


Christian Faith and Intellectual Culture

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers the work of Justin the Martyr, who broke new ground in his defense of Christianity. He identified with certain elements of his pagan opponents’ position and created bridges ... More


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