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Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Kenneth M. Heilman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many ways to study the brain. Although anatomical and physiological studies can help us understand the substrates of behavior, most of what we have learned about how the brain mediates ... More


On Aphasia (1885)

Ludwig Lichtheim

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Ludwig Lichtheim in 1885. The paper on aphasia contained diagrams of the cerebral representation of language processing. All of these schema and diagrams ... More


Disorders of Language After Frontal Lobe Injury: Evidence for the Neural Mechanisms of Disorders of Language

Michael P. Alexander

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Damage to the frontal lobes, particularly on the left, will impair language capacity. This chapter reviews language impairment at four discrete, although overlapping, levels of clinical phenomena: ... More


Broca’s Area and Lexical-Semantic Processing

Stefano F. Cappa and Daniela Perani

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the relationship between Broca's area and lexical-semantic processing. The first section reviews the aphasiological evidence for lexical and/or semantic impairment in the ... More


On Affections of Speech from Disease of the Brain (1878–1879)

John Hughlings-Jackson

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper by John Hughlings–Jackson, the British neurologist best known for his description of epileptic convulsions. Hughlings–Jackson wrote a series of papers in which he argued ... More


The Agrammatical Language Disturbance: Studies on a Psychological Basis for the Teaching on Aphasia (1913)

Arnold Pick

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Arnold Pick in 1913. Pick was the first to put the study of language disturbances in the context of modern psycholinguistic research. Agrammatism is now ... More


Grammatical Complexity and Aphasic Speech (1958)

Harold Goodglass and J. Hunt

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Harold Goodglass in 1958. Goodglass was among the first psychologists to investigate aphasia, and he should most likely be credited with introducing ... More


The Organization of Language and the Brain (1970)

Norman Geschwind

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Norman Geschwind in 1970. Geschwind helped revive the interest in brain-language relations in the 1940s-1950s. His work on the cerebral representation of ... More


Broca’s Area and Broca’s Aphasia (1976)

Jay P. Mohr

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a paper published by Jay P. Mohr in 1976. The paper discusses the clinical syndrome of Broca's aphasia and its anatomic foundation, and Broca's cases.


Weak Syntax

Sergey Avrutin

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter outlines a new approach to the investigation of aphasics' linguistic errors. The model represents a further development of ideas outlined in Avrutin (1999). It shows that damage to ... More


A Blueprint for a Brain Map of Syntax

Yosef Grodzinsky

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a short review of two current methods for the study of brain language relations. It moves on to syntactic deficits in Broca's aphasia, which is argued to be restricted to ... More


Language

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms underlying the three categories of language disorders: speech disorders, reading disorders, and writing disorders. Speech disorders include loss of speech ... More


THE LAST DAYS

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0053
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Mencken's final illness was marked by seven long years of being unable to read or write, and the devoted care given to him by his brother, August Mencken. The chapter reveals new information on ... More


Neuropsychology: past, present, and future

John C. Marshall and Jennifer M. Gurd

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.01
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses the past, present, and future of neuropsychology. The first golden age of neuropsychology, as practised by behavioural neurologists and neuropsychiatrists from 1861 to 1914, ... More


The assessment of acquired spoken language disorders

Claus-W. Wallesch, Helga Johannsen-Horbach, and Gerhard Blanken

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.13
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The acquired language and speech disorders comprise aphasia, speech apraxia, dysarthria, and language impairments in dementia and confusional states. This chapter considers the first three conditions.


Treatment of spoken language disorders

Jane Marshall

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.15
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

There are three broad types of speech disorder that can arise from brain damage: dysarthria; apraxia (or dyspraxia); aphasia (or dysphasia). The first two affect the muscular control or coordination ... More


Music, Brain, and Health: Exploring Biological Foundations of Music’s Health Effects

Eckart Altenmüller and Gottfried Schlaug

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

The brain as a highly dynamically organized structure can change and adapt as a result of activities and demands imposed by the environment. Musical activity has proven to be a powerful stimulus for ... More


Frontotemporal lobar degeneration

Jared Narvid and Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a syndrome of focal, often asymmetric, neurodegeneration presenting clinically as a progressive dementia associated with focal atrophy of the frontal ... More


Language deficits: The efficacy of the impairment-based treatment

Anna Basso

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the efficacy of aphasia therapy, regrouped according to how the problem was dealt with: studies on spontaneous recovery ... More


Mignon's Afterlives: Crossing Cultures from Goethe to the Twenty-First Century

Terence Cave

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604807
eISBN:
9780191731624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604807.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This book traces the fortunes of the character Mignon, from Goethe’s 1796 novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, through the European cultures of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Mignon corpus ... More


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