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Creatures of Cain

Erika Lorraine Milam

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

After World War II, the question of how to define a universal human nature took on new urgency. This book charts the rise and precipitous fall in Cold War America of a theory that attributed man's ... More


Great Ape Cognition and the Evolutionary Roots of Human Imagination

THOMA SUDDENDORF and ANDREW WHITEN

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The imaginative powers of humans obviously exceed those of other species; however these characteristics and knowledge did not spring from nowhere. Instead they evolved on the shoulders of the ... More


From Experiential-based to Relational-based Forms of Social Organization: A Major Transition in the Evolution of Homo sapiens

Dwight Read

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The evolutionary trajectory from non-human to human forms of social organization involves change from experiential- to relational-based systems of social interaction. Social organization derived from ... More


The ontogeny and phylogeny of non‐verbal deixis *

David A. Leavens, Timothy P. Racine, and William D. Hopkins

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter reviews evidence for deixis in great apes. Some of this evidence suggests that great apes easily develop deictic repertoires in the complete absence of any explicit attempt to train ... More


What Can the Y Chromosome Tell Us about the Origin of Modern Humans?

Chris Tyler-Smith

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter outlines the peculiar genetic history and population characteristics of the Y chromosome, including the interaction with the X. The small size of the Y and its sex-limited transmission ... More


A Short Natural History of Altruism and Healing

Christopher Boehm

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter explores the deep evolutionary roots of altruism and healing. It discusses medical practices among apes, as well as their medical helping behaviours. It then moves to a focus on the role ... More


What is special about the human brain?

Richard Passingham

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is plausible that evolution could have created the human skeleton, but it is hard to believe that it created the human mind. Yet, in six or seven million years, evolution came up with Homo ... More


Innovation and intelligence in orangutans

Anne E. Russon, Carel P. van Schaik, Purwo Kuncoro, Agnes Ferisa, Dwi P. Handayani, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines spontaneous innovation in orangutans using prevalence-based methods for identifying potential innovations in free-ranging populations and comparisons between rehabilitant and ... More


Language in the Wild: Paleontological and Primatological Evidence for Gestural Origins

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses current knowledge about the linguistic or language-like behaviour of modern great apes, especially chimpanzees (including bonobos) and gorillas. Evidence supports the idea that ... More


The functional significance of variation in jaw form in orangutans: The African apes as an ecogeographic model

Andrea B. Taylor

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

African apes and orangutans experience temporal and spatial fluctuations in fruit availability with similar behavioral consequences. Relying on the African apes as a comparative ecogeographic model, ... More


Orangutan life history variation

Serge A. Wich, Han de Vries, Marc Ancrenaz, Lori Perkins, Robert W. Shumaker, Akira Suzuki, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Great ape life-history data are especially relevant for tests of the predictions of life-history theory and to establish firmly the derived features of human life history and therefore the changes ... More


Geographic variation in orangutan diets

Anne E. Russon, Serge A. Wich, Marc Ancrenaz, Tomoko Kanamori, Cheryl D. Knott, Noko Kuze, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Peter Pratje, Hatta Ramlee, Peter Rodman, Azrie Sawang, Kade Sidiyasa, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores variation in orangutan diets across their range, based on food lists. The authors of the chapter consolidated orangutan food lists from all available long-term field sites (N = ... More


Other Complex Animals: Missed Opportunities?

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Three groups of socially and cognitively complex nonhuman animals are discussed: elephants, cetaceans (whales and dolphins), and nonhuman great apes (gorillas, orangutans, bonobos, and chimpanzees). ... More


The Comparative Neuropsychology of Tool Use in Primates with Specific Reference to Chimpanzees and Capuchin Monkeys

William D. Hopkins

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews behavioral and neurobiological data on tool use in primates. It shows that great apes, in particular chimpanzees, excel at tool use—especially generalizing principles to new ... More


Mind the Gap; or Why Humans are Not Just Great Apes: JOINT BRITISH ACADEMY/BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL LECTURE

R. I. M. DUNBAR

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 154, 2007 Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264355
eISBN:
9780191734052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264355.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture presents the text of the speech about humans and apes delivered by the author at the 2007 Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Annual Lecture held at the British Academy. ... More


The Good Society

Larry A. Witham

in Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Questions of human origins and human nature stir emotional debates over Darwin and the Bible. This chapter looks at evolutionist and creationist views of morality. It asks whether human nature is ... More


Cain’s Children

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the popularization of the “killer ape” theory through the work of Robert Ardrey. It shows how Ardrey did not confine his use of “mankind” to Homo sapiens or to men. Preferring to ... More


Man and Beast

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks into the work of Desmond Morris, particularly his book, The Naked Ape: A Zoologist's View of the Human Animal (1967). Morris took a more light-hearted approach to human nature than ... More


Human Nature

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks at the scientific revelations produced by Jane Goodall's studies on great apes and the effects these studies had on the contentious field of sociobiology. When Jane Goodall and ... More


The Novel at the Bar: Joyce, Lewis, and Libel

Sean Latham

in The Art of Scandal: Modernism, Libel Law, and the Roman à Clef

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195379990
eISBN:
9780199869053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379990.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter explores the way James Joyce and Wyndham Lewis negotiated the legal consequences of their narrative experiments with libel and defamation in key romans à clef like Ulysses and The Apes ... More


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