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Social Reform

Heather A. Haveman

in Magazines and the Making of America: Modernization, Community, and Print Culture, 1741-1860

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164403
eISBN:
9781400873883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164403.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between magazines and social reform movements in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In particular, it looks at the “benevolent empire,” an ... More


Polk’s Early Response to the Antislavery Movement

WILLIAM DUSINBERRE

in Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326031
eISBN:
9780199868308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326031.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Although during the 1840s James Polk cultivated the image of a Southern moderate on the slavery question, his early career contradicted this impression. In 1832 he had provoked a furious debate in ... More


Movements and Monuments

Margot Minardi

in Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379372
eISBN:
9780199869152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379372.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter shows how the idea that slavery was fundamentally at odds with local heritage shaped abolitionist efforts to gain public support in the 1830s and 40s. In Boston, as the construction of ... More


Women's Mobilization in the Era of Slave Emancipation: Some Anglo-French Comparisons

Seymour Drescher

in Women's Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300115932
eISBN:
9780300137866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115932.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines women's involvement in antislavery movements in England and France. The French Revolution and the revolution in the French colony of Haiti resulted in far less female ... More


The Movement

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explains that the driving force behind the protection of human rights worldwide, today and for roughly the past thirty-five years, has been the nongovernmental human rights movement. ... More


Alternatives

WILLIAM DUSINBERRE

in Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326031
eISBN:
9780199868308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326031.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The South's response to the growth of an antislavery movement in the North proved disastrous to Southern white people. James Polk — the most powerful Southern politician in the late 1840s — imposed ... More


Abolitionist Women and the Liberty Party

Stacey M. Robertson

in Hearts Beating for Liberty: Women Abolitionists in the Old Northwest

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834084
eISBN:
9781469606330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899489_robertson.6
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter focuses on the incident that taught Mary Davis that the color of one's skin was unrelated to one's character, and that racial prejudice and slavery were a detriment to the nation. ... More


Introduction

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0010
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book aims to clarify the distinctions between political antislavery and the social movement known as abolition. It shows ... More


Antislavery Politics and the Problem of the Constitution

Daniel W. Crofts

in Lincoln and the Politics of Slavery: The Other Thirteenth Amendment and the Struggle to Save the Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627311
eISBN:
9781469627335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627311.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter Two traces the rise of the political antislavery movement. It shows how three pioneering leaders—Joshua Giddings, Salmon P. Chase, and Charles Sumner—continued the struggle to “denationalize” ... More


Youthful Republic

Alexander Tsesis

in For Liberty and Equality: The Life and Times of the Declaration of Independence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195379693
eISBN:
9780199949847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379693.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

The influence of the Declaration on early nation building went well beyond its original purpose. A document that was first meant to announce and justify U.S. independence wound up influencing state ... More


“We here mean literally what we say”: Elliott Cresson and the Pennsylvania Colonization Society’s Humanitarian Agenda

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter tells the story of Elliott Cresson, a staunch proponent of the colonization movement. Cresson began working for the American Colonization Society (ACS) diligently in 1829 and continued ... More


Introduction

Stacey M. Robertson

in Hearts Beating for Liberty: Women Abolitionists in the Old Northwest

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834084
eISBN:
9781469606330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899489_robertson.4
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This book explores the contributions of western women to the antislavery movement. It examines individuals, including Betsey Mix Cowles and Lizzie Hitchcock, and groups such as the vibrant Ashtabula ... More


All the truly Wise or Truly Pious Have the Same End in View: Oberlin and Abolitionist Schism

J. Brent Morris

in Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community, and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618272
eISBN:
9781469618296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina9781469618272.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the Oberlin community avoided the “schism” that emerged among abolitionists on the East Coast as their reform agendas diverged. The ideological heterogeneity that ... More


Liquor in the Land of the Lost Cause: Southern White Evangelicals and the Prohibition Movement

Joe L. Coker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124711
eISBN:
9780813134727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124711.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The temperance movement first appeared in America in the 1820s as an outgrowth of the same evangelical fervor that fostered a wide range of reform campaigns. Like many of these movements, temperance ... More


The Worthies of Oberlin: Antislavery Expansion in the Late 1830s

J. Brent Morris

in Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community, and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618272
eISBN:
9781469618296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina9781469618272.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the Oberlin Collegiate Institute increasingly became a symbol around which all abolitionists could rally despite their differences. Even as their own financial stability ... More


A Hotbed of Abolitionism

J. Brent Morris

in Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community, and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618272
eISBN:
9781469618296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina9781469618272.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the Oberlin community's development of an antislavery strategy. Oberlin was a place, unlike any other in America, where free discussion and legitimately open debate were ... More


Racial Iconography: Freedom and Black Citizenship in the Antebellum North

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines Black visibility in public culture and how picturing freedom works as a means of conceptualizing nationhood. It considers the treatment of Black freedom in the Black press and ... More


Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Beverly C. Tomek

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Pennsylvania contained the largest concentration of early America's abolitionist leaders and organizations, making it a necessary and illustrative stage from which to understand how national ... More


We Must Watch and Improve This Tide: Oberlin Confronts the Slave Power, 1850–1858

J. Brent Morris

in Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community, and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618272
eISBN:
9781469618296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina9781469618272.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the decade of the 1850s, a period that was both rife with possibilities for abolitionist advancement and full of crushing setbacks to their cause at the hands of the Slave ... More


Representing the Slave Trade

Maurie D. McInnis

in Slaves Waiting for Sale: Abolitionist Art and the American Slave Trade

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226559339
eISBN:
9780226559322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226559322.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on visual depictions of the American slave trade. The discussions include how visual arts played a vital role in Britain’s encounter with slavery; how Eyre Crowe’s decision to ... More


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