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Legal Remedies: Therapeutic Markets and the Judicialization of the Right to Health

João Biehl and Adriana Petryna

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 1996, Brazil became the first developing country to adopt an official policy granting free access to antiretroviral drugs through its broad-reaching but ailing public health care system (SUS). In ... More


TB and HIV/AIDS

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the dual epidemic of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. There have been some major successes in the control of both HIV/AIDS and TB. The discovery and widespread use of antiretroviral ... More


Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Joseph Harris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Why do resource-constrained countries make costly commitments to universal health coverage and AIDS treatment after transitioning to democracy? At a time when the world’s wealthiest nations struggle ... More


Closing the gap in the next decade of HAART: one world, one standard

Peter Piot, Julian Fleet, and Siddharth Dube

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a vision of the outcomes that must be achieved in the next decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). It argues that the massive efforts and investments needed to ... More


The outcome and impact of 10 years of HAART

Eduard J. Beck and Rochelle P. Walensky

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Topics discussed include the HIV pandemic, evolution of the antiretroviral therapy, global response to the ... More


HIV/AIDS *

Justin Amery, Jenny Sengooba, Ivy Kasiyre, and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

AIDS is by far the biggest and the main non-acute cause of childhood death in Africa. Even in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART), palliative care remains a crucial part of HIV/AIDS care because ... More


Breaking the Cycle: Challenges and Solutions in Pediatric HIV Policy

Liezl Smit, Angela Dramowski, Kevin Clarke, Janine Clayton, Annemadelein Scherer, Amy Slogrove, Happyson Musvosvi, Marina Rifkin, and Mark Cotton

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Vertically transmitted pediatric HIV, or mother-to-child transmission, is a preventable disease. In many developed countries, antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for vertical transmission prevention (VTP) ... More


Mozambique

Michael Wright, David Clark, and Jennifer Hunt

in Hospice and Palliative Care in Africa: A Review of Developments and Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199206803
eISBN:
9780191730474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206803.003.0028
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Mozambique (population 18.54 million) is a country in south eastern Africa that covers an area of 801, 590 km2. The health repercussions of the AIDS epidemic have been the impetus for introducing ... More


Palliative Care Research in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Clinical Trials of Symptomatic Therapies

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0024
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

With the widespread introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAARTs), mortality rates among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease have declined ... More


A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

José M. Zuniga, Alan Whiteside, Amin Ghaziani, and John G. Bartlett (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is a therapeutic intervention developed by clinicians and researchers in order to fight the HIV pandemic. It has contributed to a significant reduction in ... More


Limited Access

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter first portrays the rationing of care in the pre-antiretroviral era, as doctors and nurses confronted claims by administrators and colleagues that treating people with HIV represented a ... More


Defiance: Creating Islands of Treatment

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Despite the government's intransigence regarding antiretroviral treatment, islands of access to such care began to materialize in the late 1990s. Clinical investigators capitalized on the interests ... More


New Beginnings?

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the fall of 2003, capitulating to both domestic and international pressure, a new plan was agreed upon that would ultimately provide treatment to AIDS patients, this was followed by inertia in ... More


Costa Rica

Jessica Salas Martínez and Ignacio Salom Echeverria

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Costa Rica's response to its HIV epidemic. The country's most important achievement in dealing with the epidemic thus far has been ensuring access to affordable antiretroviral ... More


Country review: United States of America

Renslow Sherer

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers selected aspects of the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the United States. It begins with a review of the epidemiology and the scientific ... More


US Cohorts review: The HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)

Frank J. Palella, Anne C. Moorman, John T. Brooks (HOPS), John Phair, Lisa Jacobson, Roger Detels, Joseph Margolick, and Charles Rinaldo (MACS)

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) and Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). HOPS is a prospective observational cohort study that was initiated in 1993 by the US ... More


The French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH) ANRS CO 4

Dominique Costagliola

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH). The FHDH was created in 1992 in order to collect clinical information on HIV-infected patients managed in ... More


EuroSIDA: a prospective observational study of chronic HIV infection across the European continent

Jens D. Lundgren, Ole Kirk, and Amanda Mocroft

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the EurSIDA. The EuroSIDA study was initiated in 1994 to study the clinical implications of the HIV epidemic in Europe and provide a continued surveillance mechanism for ... More


The Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS)

Huldrych F. Günthard and Bernard Hirschel

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). The SHCS is an ongoing multi-centre research project dealing with HIV-infected adults aged sixteen years or older. Established in 1988, the ... More


The OPTIMA Cohort

Mark Holodniy

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the Options in Management with Antiretrovirals (OPTIMA) study. OPTIMA study is the first tri-national collaboration between the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Canadian ... More


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