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Essays on Actions and Events

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of action. Its overarching thesis is that the ordinary concept of causality we employ to render ... More


A Pure Theory of Law?

Andrei Marmor

in Philosophy of Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141671
eISBN:
9781400838707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141671.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses Hans Kelsen's influential attempt to present a “pure” theory of law, and the reasons for its failure. It tries to show that Kelsen's pure theory of law is the most striking—and ... More


Mental Events

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this essay, arguably the most debated paper in twentieth century, The Philosophy of Mind, Davidson establishes a non‐reductive variant of the identity of the mental and the physical; he does so by ... More


Psychology as Philosophy

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay develops the relation, implicit in Essay 11, of intentional action to behaviour described in purely physical terms; Davidson repeats from Essay 3 that an action counts as intentional if ... More


The Material Mind

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay continues the question from Essay 12 on the nature of psychology as a science, except that it engages hypothetically with a very precise knowledge of the physical workings of the mind. If ... More


Introduction

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter discusses the mind-body problem. It first addresses one of the tasks of philosophy, which is to study the limits of even the best developed and most successful forms of ... More


Antireductionism and the Natural Order

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the conflict between antireductionism and scientific naturalism, which is considered as a staple of recent philosophy. It introduces the terms “materialism” and “materialist ... More


The Multiple Realization Book

Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198732891
eISBN:
9780191796913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732891.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Since Hilary Putnam offered multiple realization as an empirical hypothesis in the 1960s, philosophical consensus has turned against the idea that mental processes could be identified with brain ... More


Introduction Biology's Untenable Dualism

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter discusses how the combination of physicalism and antireductionism is an untenable dualism. This book argues that the physicalist must be a reductionist. But the physicalist ... More


Dobzhansky's Dictum and the Nature of Biological Explanation

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that biology is history, but unlike human history, it is history for which the “iron laws” of historical change have been found, and codified in Darwin's theory of natural ... More


Central Tendencies and Individual Organisms

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores an interpretation of the principle of natural selection that will sustain the antireductionist's claim. It considers the holistic “central-tendencies” interpretation of the ... More


Making Natural Selection Safe for Reductionists

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the untenable dualism between biology's acceptance of physicalism and its apparent autonomy that untenable dualism directly and tries to show how the reductionist can learn to ... More


Introduction: The Metaphysics of Relations

Anna Marmodoro and David Yates

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The metaphysics of relations can usefully be thought of as addressing two broad questions: (1) What kinds of relations are there, and how should we account for them? (2) What is the ontological ... More


Is Powerful Causation an Internal Relation?

David Yates

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter it is argued that there is a tension in the view that powerful causation is an internal relation. Powers are ontologically dependent on other powers for their individuation, but in ... More


The Foundations of Structuralism and the Metaphysics of Relations

James Ladyman

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Mathematical structuralism and structural realism about science both take relations to be irreducible. In this respect they both run counter to the prevailing, or at least prominent, view of many ... More


The Reality of Relations: The Case from Quantum Physics

Michael Esfeld

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter it is argued that the decisive argument against the reducibility of causal relations comes from quantum physics. Bell’s theorem proves that no dynamics based on the local, intrinsic ... More


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