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Models, Truth, and Realism

Barry Taylor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book mounts an argument against one of the fundamental tenets of much contemporary philosophy, the idea that we can make sense of reality as existing objectively, independently of our capacities ... More


The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Terence Cuneo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Antirealist views about morality claim that moral facts do not exist. An interesting question to raise about these views is whether they imply that other types of normative facts, such as epistemic ... More


Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The impact of Nietzsche's engagement with the Greek skeptics has never been systematically explored in a book-length work—an inattention that belies the interpretive weight Nietzsche scholars ... More


Fitch's Paradox of Knowability

Michael Dummett

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter defends p→¬¬Kp as the best expression of semantic antirealism.


Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the past thirty years, two fundamental issues have emerged in the philosophy of science. One concerns the appropriate attitude we should take towards scientific theories — whether we should regard ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Schleiermacher's Theological Anti‐Realism

Andrew Dole

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the work of Friedrich Schleiermacher as a possible progenitor of contemporary theological anti-realism. It argues that Schleiermacher's treatment of Christian doctrines in The ... More


Skepticism as Immoralism

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents evidence (historical, textual, and philosophical) for thinking that the Pyrrhonian skeptics' attitude toward morality (really, toward moralizing) is echoed in Nietzsche's ... More


Introduction

Patrick Greenough and Michael P. Lynch (eds)

in Truth and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199288878
eISBN:
9780191594304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288878.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This introductory chapter begins by briefly setting out the two main questions addressed in this book: Is truth objective or relative? and; What exists independently of our minds? It then presents an ... More


The Metaphysics of Nonfactualism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The usual characterizations of nonfactualism are unsatisfactory. The problem partly comes from focusing on nonfactualism's special semantics instead of on the antirealist metaphysics that must ... More


CLARIFICATIONS AND OBJECTIONS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott responds to four main objections: (1) Rorty’s defense of Humean moral antirealism, the view that the development of human rights norms is a progress of sentiment, not reason; ... More


Restriction Strategies for Knowability: Some Lessons in False Hope

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The knowability paradox derives from a proof by Frederic Fitch in 1963. The proof purportedly shows that if all truths are knowable, it follows that all truths are known. Antirealists, wed as they ... More


Revamping the Restriction Strategy

Neil Tennant

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter continues the anti-realist's quest for a principled way to avoid Fitch's paradox. It proposes that the Cartesian restriction on the anti-realist's knowability principle ‘φ, therefore ... More


On Keeping Blue Swans and Unknowable Facts at Bay: A Case Study on Fitch's Paradox

Berit Brogaard

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter develops a Fitch-like paradox for strong modal fictionalism. It argues that the most promising strategy to avoid paradox is to reject the claim that modal claims are to be analyzed in ... More


Performance and Paradox

Michael Hand

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The knowability paradox, or Fitch's paradox, is thought to threaten semantical (Dummettian) antirealism. This chapter suggests that the lesson of the paradox concerns the theoretical location at ... More


The Mystery of the Disappearing Diamond

C. S. Jenkins

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter agrees that the knowability principle fails as an expression of anti-realism. It takes issue with Kvanvig (2006), in which it is argued that the real paradoxicality of Fitch's proof is ... More


REALITY AND VALUE

GRAHAM ODDIE

in Value, Reality, and Desire

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273416
eISBN:
9780191602658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273413.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a map of the territory in which the varieties of realism and antirealism are located. Topics covered include realism, the connection between realism and truth, presuppositional ... More


VALUE, JUDGEMENT, AND DESIRE: BRIDGING THE GAPS

GRAHAM ODDIE

in Value, Reality, and Desire

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273416
eISBN:
9780191602658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273413.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a different and complementary take on the nature of realism and antirealism, one which has a clearer application to value when our journey is almost over than it would have here ... More


From Pragmatic Realism to Structural Empiricism

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Ladyman has incorporated partial structures into his version of “structural realism” which he sees as realism's best hope in the face of the ontological perplexities presented by modern physics. On ... More


Object and Truth: A Realist Manifesto

Stewart Shapiro

in Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139303
eISBN:
9780199833658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Several varieties of realism are distinguished. Working realism is a methodological thesis that sanctions the inferences and principles suggested by traditional realism: excluded middle, the axiom of ... More


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