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Cures for Mortality?

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The final chapter addresses the value of mushroom extracts in treating varied illnesses. Marketers maintain that mushroom extracts are powerful agents in the treatment of cancer, AIDS, and other ... More


Reactive species can pose special problems needing special solutions: some examples

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes several situations in which free radicals/reactive species (RS) are especially problematic and require special protective mechanisms. The first is the gastrointestinal tract, ... More


Antioxidants and cardiovascular disease

E. R. Miller III and L. J. Appel

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Antioxidant vitamin supplements are regularly consumed by over one-third of all adults in the United States. While the health benefits of vitamin supplements are unproven, many lay persons and health ... More


Prevention of coronary heart disease: findings from the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals’ Follow-up Study

F. B. Hu and W. C. Willett

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HPFS) to the nutritional epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). Compelling ... More


Stomach Cancer

Olof Nyrén and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Stomach cancer is the second most common cancer worldwide. Considerable knowledge about potentially causal factors has been gathered during the past few decades. Helicobacter pylori, the strongest ... More


Ageing, nutrition, disease, and therapy: a role for antioxidants?

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews various theories of ageing, with a particular focus on the free-radical theory of ageing (cumulative oxidative damage by reactive species [RS] causes ageing) and the evidence ... More


Senescence

Marc Tatar

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

At all taxonomic levels, there exists tremendous variation in life expectancy. A field mouse Peromyscus may live 1.2 years, while the African elephant may persist for 60 years, and even a ... More


Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Barry Halliwell and John M. C. Gutteridge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The new edition of this well-established book is thoroughly revised and gives a comprehensive account of the role of free radicals, other reactive species (RS), and antioxidants in life, health, and ... More


Urban Evolutionary Physiology

Caroline Isaksson and Frances Bonier

in Urban Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Organisms living in urban environments are exposed to many novel, sometimes beneficial, but most often challenging conditions. These conditions include increased exposure to chemical pollution, ... More


Antioxidants from the diet

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes how nutrition and diet affect oxidative damage in vivo, with a particular focus on the disease-protective effects of fruits and vegetables, and the extent to which they are ... More


Measurement of reactive species

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes the fundamental principles behind the detection and measurement of reactive species (RS) in vivo, as well as the quantification of the damage that they can do to biomolecules ... More


Reactive species can be poisonous: Their role in toxicology

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes the roles played by free radicals and other reactive species (RS) in toxicology, and whether antioxidants can protect. It begins with an overview of the metabolism of ... More


Nutrition

Sally Squires

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0032
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Twenty years ago, if someone had suggested that nutrition news would regularly make the “A” section of major newspapers—and often the front page—I probably would have laughed. Sure, through the ... More


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