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Labor Instability and Community Mental Health: The Work of Pharmaceuticals in Santiago, Chile

Clara Han

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores how the local destiny of Chile's national program for depression was forged through pharmaceuticals. How and when women use antidepressants reflect both their practical ... More


Neuropsychiatry: The Breakthrough in Psychopharmacology

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter traces the development of neuropsychiatry. Before 1950 the means to ameliorate psychiatric disorders were limited to psychoanalysis, on the one hand, and extreme treatments such as ... More


The treatment of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter discusses behaviour therapy, drug therapy (antidepressants), cognitive-behavioural therapy for the treatment of disorders such as anxiety disorder and their possible interactions, in the ... More


Drugs Don't Talk: Do Medication and Biological Psychiatry Contribute to Silencing the Self?

Richard A. Gordon

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the recent rise in the use of antidepressant medications as well as the growing emphasis on biomedical explanations for depression. The chapter presents the history of ... More


Mental and behavioural disorders

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In depression, a fluoxetine treatment and a placebo treatment affect similar brain regions. In addition, covert (unexpected) administration of anti-anxiety drugs is less effective than overt ... More


Anxiety Disorders

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews the evidence basis for the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. The most widely studied intervention for the anxiety disorders is CBT featuring exposure. ... More


Depressive Disorders

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

The prevalence of diagnosable depressive disorders in children is 2.8% and in adolescents is 5.7%. This chapter reviews the evidence basis for the treatment of depressive disorders in youth. ... More


Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Rates of diagnosable anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are low in youth because DSM criteria is not typically applicable to adolescents. Therefore, the majority of teens seeking ... More


Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents

Barry M. Wagner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112504
eISBN:
9780300156362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112504.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This evaluation of the research on this topic presents the current state of knowledge about suicidal behaviors in children and adolescents, addressing the trends of the past ten years and evaluating ... More


Management of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

It is clear that management of tinnitus requires alterations of neural activity in the CNS. The neural substrates of tinnitus suggest various approaches to modify neural processing and change the ... More


Corporate Highs, Corporeal Lows

David Lenson

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter narrates the author's personal experience with antidepressants. These include Prozac, Wellbutrin, and Effexor.


The Ethical Treatment of Depression: Autonomy through Psychotherapy

Paul Biegler

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015493
eISBN:
9780262295628
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015493.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

One in six people worldwide will experience depression over the course of a lifetime. Many who seek relief through the healthcare system are treated with antidepressant medication; in the United ... More


Antidepressants

John R. Lipsey

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Antidepressant drug therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for major depression and is usually successful (Rosenbaum et al., 2005). Fifty percent of ... More


Risk Reporting

Cristine Russell

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0044
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Over the past three decades, the media has bombarded the public with a seemingly endless array of risks, from the familiar to the exotic: hormone ... More


Dementia: Impaired Thinking and Judgment; Confusion

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

Dementia implies problems with cognition (thinking), and this is a fundamental component of DLB and PDD. Dementia also implies that the cognitive problems ... More


Blood Pressure and Orthostatic Hypotension: Faints, Near-Faints, and Lightheadedness

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0022
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

Case example: Mrs. H. feels lightheaded intermittently during the day. This happens exclusively when she is up and about. Sometimes she notes graying of ... More


Bowels and Constipation

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

Constipation is common among older adults, in general. However, it is very common among people with Lewy body disorders, and the reason is dysautonomia. ... More


Depression

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0029
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

A diagnosis of DLB or PDD might make anyone depressed. It may also depress the spouse and family, although that is a topic for a later chapter. There are ... More


Drugs acting on reward and punishment systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes drugs that exert major actions on reward and punishment systems and are all drugs of dependence. Some have potent effects on pain systems and are of therapeutic importance ... More


Drugs used in depression and mania

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the main drugs used in affective disorders. Many drugs produce euphoria in normal subjects and some of these, at least temporarily, lighten mood in depressed patients. However, ... More


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