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When Forethought and Outturn Part: Types of Unanticipated and Unintended Consequences

Perri 6

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

To expect to find a theory to explain the causes of all and only unintended or unanticipated consequences is no more reasonable than hoping for a general theory of misfortunes. Yet something useful ... More


The Efficacy of Evaluation: What Are the Economic Elements of the Ability to Evaluate Risk and Reward?

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the economic components of the capacity to evaluate outcomes. It considers the diagnostic and management components of anticipation. Possible measures of diagnostic and ... More


Portamento

Clive Brown

in Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.003.0016
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter begins with a discussion of terminology, identifying a variety of meanings applied to the word portamento, and a number of related terms, such as cercar dells nota, messa di voce ... More


2 Food, Economics, and Entitlements

Amartya Sen

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286356
eISBN:
9780191718465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286356.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Putting the acquirement problem at the heart of hunger and starvation issues, this book argues that the entitlement approach, much in line with the old traditions of economics preoccupied with ... More


Involvement of primate orbitofrontal neurons in reward, uncertainty, and learning

Wolfram Schultz and Leon Tremblay

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews studies using neurophysiological recordings of the orbitofrontal cortex in behaving monkeys in order to understand the brain's representation of predictable future events of ... More


Attention and Sensorimotor Intentionality

Charles Siewert

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Phenomenology of Perception, Merleau–Ponty holds that sensory consciousness of place exhibits an indeterminacy that shows it is, in a sense, non-representational. But he thinks this does not ... More


Becoming a Trader

Mark Fenton-O'Creevy, Nigel Nicholson, Emma Soane, and Paul Willman

in Traders: Risks, Decisions, and Management in Financial Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269488
eISBN:
9780191699405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269488.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Organization Studies

Becoming a trader does not mean that one has to be familiarized with merely one body of fixed knowledge. Traders are exposed to various intensive experiences that may or may not involve powerful ... More


A Brief History of Coping

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plants cope passively with their environments. Animals can act – move from places less to more favorable for feeding, fighting, fleeing, and/or reproducing accordingly as their nervous systems ... More


Prospective Codes Fulfilled: A Potential Neural Mechanism of Will

Wheatley Thalia and E. Looser Christine

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Converging evidence from neuroscience reveals that our brains do predict the future and do so well, but on a short time scale. Bayesian anticipation of likely events appears to be a general principle ... More


Lip rounding anticipatory control: crosslinguistically lawful and ontogenetically attuned

Aude Noiray, Marie-Agnès Cathiard, Lucie Ménard, and Christian Abry

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter investigates the cross-language validity of the Movement Expansion Model (MEM) and its developmental relevance. The first part reports on a test of the classical rounding anticipatory ... More


SELF-CONCERN AND SELF-APPROVAL

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 23 concluded that the bias towards oneself is not rationally justifiable. This chapter tries to provide a causal explanation of the elements of this bias. It explains how self-concern arises ... More


Categories and Principles of the Understanding

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces Kant’s theory of categories and corresponding principles. It explains and evaluates Kant’s attempt to derive his categories from forms of judgment. It also discusses in detail ... More


Joey Court: Death of a Child

David Barnard, Patricia Boston R.N., Anna Towers, and Yanna Lambrinidou

in Crossing Over: Narratives of Palliative Care

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195123432
eISBN:
9780199999835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123432.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses Joey Court, a child with an unusual and invariably fatal medical disorder. Joey was expected to die from the first year of his life. Despite the severity of his condition, his ... More


Synchronic Manifolds: The Axioms and Anticipations

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter talks about a concept that is essentially the sort of thing that can have instance, a one over against a potential many. A concept thus serves as a principle of unity for a manifold ... More


Organic, Liaison, and Perinatal Psychiatry

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 3

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199553617
eISBN:
9780191917813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199553617.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Scanning, Searching, and Shifting Attention

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter uses the extensive research on eye movements in order to elucidate the development of visual information gathering. The eye movements of newborns show that they tend to fixate on ... More


Brain, Decision, and Debt

Brian Knutson and Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin

in A Debtor World: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Debt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199873722
eISBN:
9780199980000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873722.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter summarizes recent findings in neuroeconomics suggesting that emotion (specifically, “anticipatory affect”) can influence financial decisions. It then discusses how individual differences ... More


Strategy and Defence Planning: Meeting the Challenge of Uncertainty

Colin S. Gray

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198701842
eISBN:
9780191771583
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701842.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book explores and examines the problems that every political community must attempt to meet in providing for national security in the future through purposeful defence preparation. The book ... More


How life course dynamics matter for precarity in later life

Richard A. Settersten

in Precarity and Ageing: Understanding Insecurity and Risk in Later Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447340850
eISBN:
9781447340904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340850.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Precarity is at the heart of human experience. In every period of life, all people would seem to face some minimal types and levels of precarity simply in being alive and in having to navigate an ... More


Temporal decision making in complex environments

V. De Keyser

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The basic hypothesis of this chapter is that under the influence of technological development and market pressure, situations take on temporal characteristics that are more and more difficult for the ... More


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