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Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Bradley Monton (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book contains thirteen specially written chapters which discuss topics from the work of Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the most important contemporary philosophers of science. The central and ... More


Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Bob Hale and Aviv Hoffmann (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The philosophy of modality investigates necessity and possibility, and related notions — are they objective features of mind-independent reality? If so, are they irreducible, or can modal facts be ... More


Conclusion: Politics, Ideology, and Old Comedy

I. A. Ruffell

in Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy: The Art of the Impossible

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587216
eISBN:
9780191731297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587216.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This conclusion brings together the three strands of the book and their related forms of anti-realism to argue that Old Comedy constructs its arguments, involves its audience, and seeks ... More


Fitch's Paradox of Knowability

Michael Dummett

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter defends p→¬¬Kp as the best expression of semantic antirealism.


Summary and Conclusion

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on realist views of meaning and truth. The findings suggest that moderate anti-realism is well-motivated, internally coherent, and ... More


The Seas of Language

Michael Dummett

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book contains articles in metaphysics and philosophy of language written between 1975 and 1992. Dummett defends the verificationist theory of meaning, according to which in order to know the ... More


Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. In this selection of his work from the 1980s and the 90s, Davidson critically examines three types of propositional ... More


What's Paradoxical?

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the different grounds for accepting the claim that all truths are knowable, the assumption central to the derivation of Fitch’s result. It argues that although there is no ... More


Syntactic Restriction Strategies

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter examines approaches to the paradox that wish to save anti-realism from the paradox by denying that the knowability assumption is a commitment of anti-realism. Such approaches contend ... More


 A Coherent Common Sense View

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by bringing out three common mistakes that lie behind the various arguments against ordinary objects discussed in this book. It goes on to suggest that all of these mistakes may ... More


 Handling Existence Questions

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates what is involved in asking general ontological questions such as: “what exists?” and “how many things are there?” It is argued that well-formed existence and counting ... More


Ethics Dehumanized

Panayot Butchvarov

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advocates a return to Moorean independence. One dominant metaethical trend is moral epistemology naturalized. Another metaethical trend has been conceptual analysis, often called ... More


Set Theory and The Philosophy of Mathematics

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses certain aspects of naive set theory, that is, set theory in which the abstraction scheme holds for all formulas of the language of set theory, and some of its implications for ... More


The Type/Token Theory Introduced

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter makes the case for the claim that the type/token theory is the prima facie answer to the categorial question: that is, the account that must be accepted unless it is defeated. This it ... More


Theology in Search of Foundations

Randal Rauser

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The justification of theology within the public square remains a matter of pressing concern. After the dissolution of Christendom, a number of Christian philosophers sought to justify theology ... More


Philosophy and Theology After Foundationalism

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

At its heart non‐foundationalism entails a denial of epistemic foundations, but token versions of non‐foundationalism also frequently reject metaphysical realism, the correspondence theory of truth, ... More


A Critique of Non‐foundationalism

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Philosophically, anti‐realist forms of non‐foundationalism face a number of difficulties: Richard Rorty's alethic apathy must be rejected, since truth is by definition important, while Hilary ... More


The Fictional and the Real

John Gibson

in Fiction and the Weave of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299522
eISBN:
9780191714900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299522.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter presents some general observations on the notion of fiction. It uses a discussion of two positions from extreme corners of currently fashionable theories of fiction as an occasion for ... More


Aesthetic Realism and Emotional Qualities of Music

Malcolm Budd

in Aesthetic Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers whether the emotional qualities of music should be understood in a realistic or anti-realistic fashion. It argues that Roger Scruton's principal argument against realism is ... More


The Intersubjective Validity of Aesthetic Judgements

Malcolm Budd

in Aesthetic Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The chapter attempts to articulate the various kinds of content of aesthetic judgements, and so reveal the nature of their claim to intersubjective validity. It begins with descriptive aesthetic ... More


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