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The Future of the Union: Montesquieu Versus Madison

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

A European federation of states deeply divided along cultural, social, institutional and economic lines would be unable to provide the variety of public goods, including income redistribution, that ... More


Managing Republicanism: Democratic Deficits and the U.S. Ratification Debates

Craig T. Borowiak

in Accountability and Democracy: The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778256
eISBN:
9780199919086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778256.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter uses the eighteenth-century ratification debates between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists to reflect upon competing accountability tendencies inherent in representative democracy. ... More


A Well-Regulated Militia: The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America

Saul Cornell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195147865
eISBN:
9780199788644
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147865.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Americans are deeply divided over the Second Amendment. Some assert that the Amendment protects an individual's right to own guns. Others, that it does no more than protect the right of states to ... More


A WELL-REGULATED MILITIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE SECOND AMENDMENT

Saul Cornell

in A Well-Regulated Militia: The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195147865
eISBN:
9780199788644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147865.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter explores the development of a states's rights theory of the militia and the right to bear arms. Topics covered include debates during the Philadelphia convention, the right to bear arms ... More


Legacies of Losing in American Politics

Jeffrey K. Tulis and Nicole Mellow

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226515298
eISBN:
9780226515465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226515465.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Legacies of Losing in American Politics shows the enduring and unnoticed significance of defeated leaders and ideas at three crucial junctures of American constitutional history. The Anti-Federalists ... More


Constitution Making and the Marketplace

Emma Hart

in Trading Spaces: The Colonial Marketplace and the Foundations of American Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226659817
eISBN:
9780226659954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226659954.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Americans could create a republic and a public good in their market places at both federal and state level. They could adapt its definition and even legitimize it with acts, factories, and contracts. ... More


Citizens or Papists?: The Politics of Anti-Catholicism in New York, 1685-1821

Jason K. Duncan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225125
eISBN:
9780823236930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225125.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Based on careful work with rare archival sources, this book fills a gap in the history of New York Catholicism by chronicling anti-Catholic feeling in pre-Revolutionary and early ... More


Introduction: North Carolina in an Age of Revolution

Jeff Broadwater and Troy L. Kickler

in North Carolina’s Revolutionary Founders

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651200
eISBN:
9781469651224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651200.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The introduction provides a summary of North Carolina’s history from roughly 1763 to 1789, the nation’s Founding Era. America’s federal system made state leaders critical to the outcome of the ... More


Opposition Enough to Do Good: 1787—1788

Jeff Broadwater

in Jefferson, Madison, and the Making of the Constitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651019
eISBN:
9781469651033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651019.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In the winter of 1787-1788, Madison was surprised by opposition to the ratification of the Constitution from Anti-Federalists who complained that the Constitution threatened the rights of the states ... More


Reorienting Righteousness: Toward a New Narrative of Gender and Religion in American Higher Education

Andrea L. Turpin

in A New Moral Vision: Gender, Religion, and the Changing Purposes of American Higher Education, 1837-1917

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501704789
eISBN:
9781501706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704789.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter shows that the most important question in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was: Who should participate in civic life and to what extent? From the early days of the republic, ... More


Beyond the Myth of Consensus: The Struggle to Define the Right to Bear Arms in the Early Republic

Saul Cornell

in Beyond the Founders: New Approaches to the Political History of the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807828892
eISBN:
9781469605241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898833_pasley.13
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In the period between 1776 and 1828, Americans from all walks of life entered into a wide-ranging debate about the nature of constitutional government. During that period, the founders were deeply ... More


Political Failure, and Success

Jeffrey K. Tulis and Nicole Mellow

in Legacies of Losing in American Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226515298
eISBN:
9780226515465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226515465.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

American political history is almost always a story of winners. There are very few accounts of the losers in American politics, and the accounts that exist tend to describe losing as a lost ... More


Founding: The Anti-Federal Appropriation

Jeffrey K. Tulis and Nicole Mellow

in Legacies of Losing in American Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226515298
eISBN:
9780226515465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226515465.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

There is a perplexing disjunction at the very heart of American politics. Anti-Federalists are most commonly remembered for losing their battle to defeat ratification of the Constitution. Yet an ... More


The Lovers' Quarrel: The Two Foundings and American Political Development

Elvin Lim

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199812189
eISBN:
9780199382606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199812189.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The United States has had not one, but two Foundings. The Constitution produced by the Second Founding came to be only after a vociferous battle between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The ... More


Old Principles, New Constitutions, 1783–1790

Kenneth Owen

in Political Community in Revolutionary Pennsylvania, 1774-1800

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827979
eISBN:
9780191866661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827979.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Political History

This chapter investigates the period between the federal Constitutional Convention of 1787 and the revision of the Pennsylvania State Constitution in 1790. Debates over the ratification of the US ... More


State Ratification Debates

David L. Sloss

in The Death of Treaty Supremacy: An Invisible Constitutional Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199364022
eISBN:
9780199364053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364022.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

Chapter 2 examines state ratification debates to determine how participants in those debates understood the treaty supremacy rule. As traditionally understood, the rule consisted of two elements. ... More


Federalists, Republicans, & the Revolution of 1800

Elvin T. Lim

in The Lovers' Quarrel: The Two Foundings and American Political Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199812189
eISBN:
9780199382606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199812189.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the Lovers’ Quarrel of the Second Founders in office, who started disagreeing on the meaning of the Constitution as soon as the federal government opened for business, with ... More


The Civil War & Publius Redux

Elvin T. Lim

in The Lovers' Quarrel: The Two Foundings and American Political Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199812189
eISBN:
9780199382606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199812189.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the Confederate States of America represented, even more so than the slave power, the apotheosis of the states’ rights doctrine, with the Declaration of Independence figuring ... More


Anti-Federalism & the Progressive Creative Destruction1

Elvin T. Lim

in The Lovers' Quarrel: The Two Foundings and American Political Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199812189
eISBN:
9780199382606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199812189.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the Progressive era, which started from the 1890s and spanned the 1910s. One cannot make sense of this kaleidoscopic movement unless one incorporates the missing piece to ... More


The argument for freedom of speech and press during the ratification of the US Constitution, 1787–88

Patrick Peel

in Freedom of speech, 1500-1850

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781526147103
eISBN:
9781526155566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526147110.00015
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Americans did not initially view the Constitution’s commitments to freedom of speech and press as individual, counter-majoritarian rights, standing over and against the structural, democratic ... More


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