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Anthropogenic Markers

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the application of anthropogenic compounds as biomarkers. Since World War II, human activities have introduced a wide array of compounds into the environment, including ... More


The Biology of Polar Regions

D.N. Thomas, G.E. Fogg, P. Convey, C.H. Fritsen, J.-M. Gili, R. Gradinger, J. Laybourn-Parry, K. Reid, and D.W.H. Walton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is now an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions in the Earth system, as well as their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change, including of course global climate change. ... More


Direct human impacts on high-latitude lakes and rivers

Martin J. Riddle and Derek C.G. Muir

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews and compares possible causes of environmental impacts on lake and river systems in the Arctic and Antarctica, with emphasis on the direct effects of local human activities. ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm ... More


Cities Demanding the Earth: A New Understanding of the Climate Emergency

Peter Taylor, Geoff O'Brien, and Phil O'Keefe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529210477
eISBN:
9781529210514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529210477.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Current climate change policy is necessary but insufficient. This is because the basic modus operandi – presenting scientific evidence to states for them to take action - misrepresents the complex ... More


Community epidemiology

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The purpose of this book is to highlight exciting recent advances in theoretical and empirical research which has been conducted towards a greater understanding of the importance of community ... More


Food-web theory provides guidelines for marine conservation

Enric Sala and George Sugihara

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine conservation priorities have been established mostly on the basis of species and habitat diversity, but little attention has been paid to food web diversity. Ecologists are aware of the ... More


Anthropogenic Stressors and Their Effects on the Behavior of Aquatic Crustaceans

Thijs Christiaan van Son and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Four categories of anthropogenic stressors affect the behavior and vital functions of crustaceans in aquatic ecosystems: pollution, introduction of non-indigenous species, stock manipulation, and ... More


Role of network analysis in comparative ecosystem ecology of estuaries

Robert R. Christian, Daniel Baird, Joseph Luczkovich, Jeffrey C. Johnson, Ursula M. Scharler, and Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Estuaries are excellent ecosystems for testing the veracity of the inferences of ecological network analysis for three reasons. First, more network analyses have been conducted on estuaries than any ... More


Ant Diversity and Function in Disturbed and Changing Habitats

Stacy M. Philpott, Ivette Perfecto, Inge Armbrecht, and Catherine L. Parr

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Habitat transformation and disturbance are important threats to biodiversity conservation and ecosystem function, and can strongly affect ant communities. As with other animal communities, ... More


Demography's Ecological Frontier: Rethinking the ‘Nature’ of the Household and Community

Brian Greenberg and Margaret E. Greene

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The global scale of anthropogenic environmental change now challenges demography to rethink its methodologies and tacit values to assess the ways that human populations determine the population ... More


Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning

John N. Griffin, Eoin J. O’Gorman, Mark C. Emmerson, Stuart R. Jenkins, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Michel Loreau, and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Concern that the rapid anthropogenic erosion of biodiversity may undermine the delivery of ecosystem services has prompted a synthesis of community and ecosystem ecology over the last decade. ... More


Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Martin Solan, Rebecca J. Aspden, and David M. Paterson (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The biological composition and richness of most of the Earth’s major ecosystems are being dramatically and irreversibly transformed by anthropogenic activity. Yet, despite the vast areal extent of ... More


Extinction dynamics

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with a discussion of paleo-extinctions. It then discusses modern anthropogenic extinctions, diffusion approximation of stochastic dynamics, extinction trajectories in small ... More


Era IV—The Anthrocene Age

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the fourth era of resource use and nonuse—the Anthrocene Age. Era IV may be called the Anthrocene Age because of the prominent role played by human anthropogenic decisions. Era ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Peter O. Dunn and Anders Pape Møller (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Climate change issues are attracting rapidly increasing interest from a wide range of biologists due to their unprecedented effects on global biodiversity, although there remains a lack of general ... More


Declarations: Root and Branch Unthinking

Peter J. Taylor, Geoff O’Brien, and Phil O’Keefe

in Cities Demanding the Earth: A New Understanding of the Climate Emergency

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529210477
eISBN:
9781529210514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529210477.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter takes the failure of current climate change policy as a given and seeks explanations and ways forward. Policy-making should be firmly grounded in the essential nature of anthropogenic ... More


Inside Out: Fourteen Antitheses Authenticating Cities

Peter J. Taylor, Geoff O’Brien, and Phil O’Keefe

in Cities Demanding the Earth: A New Understanding of the Climate Emergency

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529210477
eISBN:
9781529210514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529210477.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This is the first chapter on unthinking, specifically unthinking modernity. It takes the form of 14 statements that are presented as basic modern theses, and which are countered by antitheses, ... More


Reset: Anthropogenic Climate Change Is Urban, not Modern

Peter J. Taylor, Geoff O’Brien, and Phil O’Keefe

in Cities Demanding the Earth: A New Understanding of the Climate Emergency

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529210477
eISBN:
9781529210514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529210477.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This is the second chapter on unthinking, specifically building a new narrative to show anthropogenic climate change is not a result of modern industrial society rather it has a much deeper pedigree ... More


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