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The Puzzle of Life’s Long Persistence

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter looks at two separate viewpoints which can be used as a foundation for the consideration of what long-term life persistence means for the evaluation of Gaia. As part of describing one ... More


 Divine Being and Becoming

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 4 examines the impact of Arthur Peacocke's evolutionary cosmology, biology, epistemology, and methodology on Christian theology and demonstrates how these insights come to fruition in an ... More


Cosmos and its Discontents

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The word ‘cosmology’ is derived from the Greek ‘cosmos’ which means the world as an orderly system. To the Greeks, the opposite of cosmos was ‘chaos’, and views the universe as consisting of two ... More


Dreams of a Famous Physicist: An Apology for Philosophy of Science

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Explores in some depth the relationship between physics and philosophy of science. Here the author exposes misconceptions regarding philosophy of science that seem to pervade the attitudes of many ... More


New Horizons

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter summarizes the most important developments in theoretical and observational cosmology from about 1970 to 2005. On the theoretical side, the inflationary scenario of the very early ... More


Skeletons in the cupboard

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses three fundamental questions which the majority of the physics community believes are not worthy of attention and a minority believes are crucial and in urgent need of ... More


The ultimate reality

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Like most religions, Christianity begins with claims about ultimate reality. Although many have tried to invalidate all questions of ultimacy, it turns out to be difficult to dismiss such questions ... More


Some Final Thoughts

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This final chapter presents a collection of topics which relate to the status of science in society, and to its conflicts with other systems of thought. Topics covered include order and chaos, ... More


Anselm and Actuality

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Lewis demonstrates the infeasibility of attempting a nonmodal reformulation of Anslem's ontological argument. The key premise in Anselm's famous argument is the claim that “Something exists in the ... More


The anthropic Earth

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter focuses on the notion that we need to take account of our own existence in thinking about certain problems. This notion lies behind a set of ideas that go under the name of the anthropic ... More


Darwinian Tensions

Anthony O'Hear

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

There are conceptual tensions in Darwin's own writings on natural selection. It is not clear how far his reading of the theory still has teleological overtones or presupposes a direction of evolution ... More


Philsophical Background

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides the necessary philosophical background by defining teleological thinking and why it is a problem, and distinguishes conditional teleological explanations, which are acceptable, ... More


God and Explanation

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Difficulties in invoking God in any explanatory role are pursued in connection with the possibility of miracles and the argument from design. The anthropic principle and the significance of ‘fine ... More


Hubble and Drake: SETI and Cosmology

David Wilkinson

in Science, Religion, and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680207
eISBN:
9780191760167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680207.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The vastness of the Universe gives strong support for the possibility of other intelligent life around other stars. At the same time, anthropic balances in the laws and circumstances of the Universe ... More


Lucky or Special?

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 9 sums up the cumulative evidence from preceding chapters and addresses (without resolution) the underlying question of how to interpret the existence of a universe so finely tuned. The ... More


Gaia and Observer Self-selection

Andrew J. Watson

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0019
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Many of our perceptions about the properties of life at the planetary scale are biased by “observer self-selection”—the fact that we are able to observe the Earth only because life has persisted on ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


The Argument from Design

Andrew Steane

in Faithful to Science: The Role of Science in Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198716044
eISBN:
9780191784286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716044.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The argument from design is presented as a dialogue. One person presents traditional arguments from design, the other person counters them. Starting from ‘Paley’s watch’ and the Darwinian reply, it ... More


Problems with the “Old” Big Bang Theory⋆⋆

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The problems of “criticality” and causality: Why is the Universe so flat and incomprehensibly homogeneous or uniform? The analogy of the surface of an inflating balloon. Fixed angular distances and ... More


God and the Uniformity of Nature: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Physics

Matthew Stanley

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Today the laws of physics are often seen as evidence for a naturalistic worldview. However, historically, physics was usually considered compatible with belief in God. Foundations of physics such as ... More


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