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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


Assessing the Threat

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

What would it take to mount a catastrophic bioterrorist attack on America? What are the barriers to success? Who could do it, and what weapons would they use? In this chapter we analyze the attempts ... More


Tales of a Dark Winter: A Play in Three Acts

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines one of the many war games-like exercises carried out beginning in the 1990s to test the reaction of government officials to a hypothetical bioterrorist attack. In this exercise, ... More


A Brief History of Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Chapter 2 traces the history of bioterrorism in the US and eldewhere, beginning with the Rajneeshee episode in Oregon in 1985. The unsuccessful Aum Shinrikyo forays into bioterrorism in Japan in the ... More


Agents of Terror

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has defined a list of human pathogens that are of highest concern for possible use as bioweapons. These agents, most of which had been developed as ... More


First Defense: The Immune System and Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

During the first 48–72 hours of a bioterrorist attack using pathogenic microbes, the immune system will be our primary means of defense against potentially fatal disease. This chapter looks at the ... More


Autopsy Visions

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the available autopsy material of the outbreak victims, describing the material on inhalation anthrax and providing a pathologists' synopsis of the 1979 outbreak. It briefly ... More


Manifestation

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter reveals the patterns on a discernible band of cases in Chkalovskiy. It describes the research team's spot maps, which are compiled along with the interview data, conclusions from the ... More


Mirage: The Animal Outbreak

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter studies the animal anthrax outbreak. It shows that the research team met with the chief veterinarian of the city SES, who confirmed that the Burgasov documents are authentic on account ... More


Anthrax: Accursed Fire and Biological Weapon

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Anthrax predates back to the start of civilization and is a disease that kills livestock and affects humans with black spots. This chapter introduces a research team—including the author—which is ... More


Knocking on Doors

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter looks at the second excursion to Chkalovskiy, where the author continued the interviews with the victims' families, and presents an account of the interviews with the families of ... More


Background of the Debate

Holger Hestermeyer

in Human Rights and the WTO: The Case of Patents and Access to Medicines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552177
eISBN:
9780191706936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552177.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the facts that called attention to the conflict between the TRIPS Agreement and access to medicine. The public discussion was initially triggered by the pricing decision of the ... More


Temporal Factors in Epidemics: The Role of the Incubation Period

Ron Brookmeyer

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the effect of the incubation period of disease on temporal patterns in disease surveillance, focusing on three diseases with widely differing incubation periods: HIV/AIDS, ... More


Biological weapons

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes biological weapons, including the history of their proliferation and use, outbreaks of anthrax and salmonellosis, international control of biological weapons, and specific ... More


Improving vaccines, antimicrobials, and antitoxins through research

Dorothy Margolskee

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes ways to improve vaccines, antimicrobials, and antitoxins through research. It describes and discusses a number of issues, including the need for rapid diagnostic tests for ... More


Educating, informing, and mobilizing the public

Monica Schoch-Spana

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the education, information, and mobilization of the public after the 9/11 attacks. It addresses the constructive public response, devising public-communication strategies, ... More


Biological Weapons

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the use of biological weapons over time and current efforts to identify and control biological weapons. It discusses in depth anthrax, plague, tularemia, botulism, smallpox, ... More


Diseases and Parasites

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Predators aren't the only exploiters of bison. Like all big organisms they are a resource for hundreds of kinds of tiny life forms that use them in a variety of intriguing ways. And size is no ... More


Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Jeanne Guillemin

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In April of 1979 the city of Sverdlovsk in Russia's Ural Mountains was struck by a frightening anthrax epidemic. Official Soviet documents reported sixty-four human deaths resulting from the ... More


Moscow: Fragments of Evidence

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter identifies the evidence that helped determine the cause of the anthrax epidemic in Sverdlovsk. It first discusses the “point epidemic” or the large but temporary excess in disease ... More


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