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  • Keywords: anterior cingulate cortex x
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 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection

Matthew F. S. Rushworth, Paula L. Croxson, Mark J. Buckley, and Mark E. Walton

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Recent research on action selection suggests that a useful distinction may be drawn between two systems centered on the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (PFv) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The ... More


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Cingulate and orbitofrontal contributions to valuing knowns and unknowns in a changeable world

Mark E. Walton, Peter H. Rudebeck, Timothy E. J. Behrens, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The world that we and other animals inhabit is frequently stochastic, uncertain, and changeable and it is imperative that our brains are able to evaluate and keep track of varying contingencies. ... More


Neuroanatomical Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control: A Focus on the Medial and Lateral Prefrontal Cortex

Jérôme Sallet, Rogier B. Mars, René Quilodran, Emmanuel Procyk, Michael Petrides, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the cycoarchitectonic properties and connectivity profiles of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in the hope that it can lead to a ... More


Decision Making in Frontal Cortex: From Single Units to fMRI

Steven W. Kennerley and Philippe N. Tobler

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents recent findings from single neuron electrophysiology and functional neuroimaging with respect to the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the lateral prefrontal cortex ... More


Cognitive-Emotional Interactions in Prefrontal Cortex

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The chapter reviews key aspects of the current understanding of the neural substrates for cognitive-emotional interactions in prefrontal cortex based on human functional MRI studies. It is shown that ... More


An Integrative Theory of Anterior Cingulate Cortex Function: Option Selection in Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning

Clay B. Holroyd and Nick Yeung

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a new integrative theory of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function that proposes that the dorsal ACC supports the selection and execution of coherent behaviors over extended ... More


Neuroscience of Empathic Responding

Jean Decety

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empathy, the capacity to comprehend the affective and emotional states of others in relation to oneself, has evolved with the mammalian brain and plays a critical role in social interaction. This ... More


Using the Stroop Task to Study Emotion Regulation

Jason Buhle, Tor Wager, and Ed Smith

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

The Stroop task is among the most influential experimental paradigms for the study of cognitive control. Recent variants have sought to extend the Stroop task to the study of emotional regulation. To ... More


Social Pain: Experiential, Neurocognitive, and Genetic Correlates

Naomi I. Eisenberger

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter suggests that the need for social connection is a fundamental need and that like other basic needs, a lack of social connection can feel “painful” an experience that has been termed ... More


The reality and importance of the executive self

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that the ensemble of executive processes functions is highly unified as a result of several forces working on it. The primary force is dictated by their need to interact at ... More


Reinforcement Learning, Conflict Monitoring, and Cognitive Control: An Integrative Model of Cingulate-Striatal Interactions and the ERN

Jeffrey Cockburn and Michael Frank

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a model in which the activity of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is modulated in part by reinforcement learning processes in the basal ganglia. It describes how this ... More


The Nature of Pain and the Appearance/Reality Distinction

Michael Tye

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pains are experiences that represent tissue damage. Pains vary in how they feel; and this seems tied in part to variations in qualities of the represented tissue damage. However, if this is all that ... More


Integrating Technologies in the Study of Attentional Networks

Michael I. Posner

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0022
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

The literature supports the idea that attention is not a unified concept, but involves separate mechanisms that support its varied functions (Petersen & ... More


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