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## Procrustes Problems

*John C Gower and Garmt B Dijksterhuis*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198510581
- eISBN:
- 9780191708961
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Procrustean methods are used to transform one set of data to represent another set of data as closely as possible. This book unifies several strands in the literature and contains new algorithms. It ... More

## Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

*Patrick Dattalo*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195315493
- eISBN:
- 9780199865475
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.001.0001
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sample size determination is an important and often difficult step in planning an empirical study. From a statistical perspective, sample size depends on the following factors: type of analysis to be ... More

## Statistical Power Analysis

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195315493
- eISBN:
- 9780199865475
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0002
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a brief description of the rationale and limitations of statistical power analysis, and presents important issues related to determining sample size for both commonly used and ... More

## Worked Examples

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195315493
- eISBN:
- 9780199865475
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0006
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter demonstrates a priori sample size determination strategies presented in previous chapters. Specifically, for each procedure, minimum sample size are estimated with power analysis and ... More

## Materials and Methods

*Yuri. L. R. Leite*

### in Evolution and Systematics of the Atlantic Tree Rats, Genus Phyllomys (Rodentia, Echimyidae), With Description of Two New Species

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780520098497
- eISBN:
- 9780520916074
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of California Press
- DOI:
- 10.1525/california/9780520098497.003.0002
- Subject:
- Biology, Animal Biology

Specimens of Phyllomys consist of skins, skulls, post-cranial skeletons, and fluid-preserved material housed. Specimens used in the molecular analyses were collected in the field during several ... More

## Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Covariance (ANCOVA)

*Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers*

### in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199764044
- eISBN:
- 9780199332533
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0006
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 6 provides a description of one-way and two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) statistical procedures. The chapter includes a presentation on the basic ... More

## Doing your Statistics in R: Getting Started

*Andrew P. Beckerman and Owen L. Petchey*

### in Getting Started with R: An introduction for biologists

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199601615
- eISBN:
- 9780191774539
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601615.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter presents a workflow for implementing and interpreting t-tests, chi-square tests, and general linear models. It begins by looking at how to implement a chi-square contingency table ... More

## Multivariate Analysis of Variance: Overview and Key Concepts

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199773596
- eISBN:
- 9780199332564
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773596.003.0002
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) as a generalization of the t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The t-test is a strategy to test hypotheses about differences ... More

## Statistical Strategies for Translational ERP Studies

*Todd C. Handy, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Marla J. S. Mickleborough, and Teresa Y. L. Liu-Ambrose*

### in Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- August 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780262013086
- eISBN:
- 9780262258876
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.003.0009
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter concentrates on the traditional least squares approach to equal means testing in general, and univariate repeated-measures ANOVA as typically applied to event-related potential (ERP) ... More

## Single-stage cluster sampling: Clusters of equal size

*David G. Hankin, Michael S. Mohr, and Ken B. Newman*

### in Sampling Theory: For the Ecological and Natural Resource Sciences

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- December 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198815792
- eISBN:
- 9780191853463
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198815792.003.0006
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Similar to strata, population units may instead be grouped into clusters. Usually, units within clusters are geographically or genetically close to one another—all households on a city block, ... More

## Comparing Groups: Analysis of Variance

*Andy Hector*

### in The New Statistics with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198729051
- eISBN:
- 9780191795855
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729051.003.0002
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Analysis of variance is introduced using a worked analysis of some data collected by Charles Darwin on inbreeding depression in experimental maize plants. ANOVA is used to compare the height of a ... More

## Comparing Groups: Student’s t-test

*Andy Hector*

### in The New Statistics with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198729051
- eISBN:
- 9780191795855
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729051.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter re-analyses Darwin’s maize data that were introduced in Chapter 2. Here t-tests and confidence intervals are used and compared with the ANOVA approach. Confidence intervals are ... More

## Discrepancy to Variability

*Steven J. Osterlind*

### in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- January 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198831600
- eISBN:
- 9780191869532
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0014
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes quantification during the late nineteenth century. Then, most ordinary people were gaining an overt awareness, and probability notions were seeping into everyday conversation ... More

## Introducing Statistics in R

*Andrew P. Beckerman, Dylan Z. Childs, and Owen L. Petchey*

### in Getting Started with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198787839
- eISBN:
- 9780191829659
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Here we cover how to do some basic statistical tests in R, including the t-test, chi-square contingency table analysis, simple linear regression, and a one-way ANOVA. We offer a robust, reliable, and ... More

## Advancing Your Statistics in R

*Andrew P. Beckerman, Dylan Z. Childs, and Owen L. Petchey*

### in Getting Started with R: An Introduction for Biologists

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198787839
- eISBN:
- 9780191829659
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.003.0006
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Taking off from the previous chapter, and following the same workflow, we show you how to make R perform two slightly more complex statistical tests, including the two-way ANOVA and analysis of ... More

## Directed projects in a mathematical statistics course

*Andrew Gelman and Deborah Nolan*

### in Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- September 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198785699
- eISBN:
- 9780191827518
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198785699.003.0020
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

In this chapter we present a model for using case studies for the core of an undergraduate theoretical statistics course. These case studies have more depth than most examples found in typical ... More

## Planning, choosing, and using statistics

*David J. Gibson*

### in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- January 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199671465
- eISBN:
- 9780191792496
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0007
- Subject:
- Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Using the correct statistics to analyse data is a matter of advance planning to collect the appropriate data. This chapter describes the background to planning and choosing appropriate statistical ... More

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