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How valves work

David O. Clayden

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents background information on valves. A valve consists of an evacuated glass envelope containing a number of electrodes. These are connected to the outside by wires passing though ... More


X-ray and neutron sources

William Clegg

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Crystal structure determination by diffraction uses X-rays or neutrons. X-rays are readily available in laboratories from a standard X-ray tube, in which electron kinetic energy is converted to ... More


The Death of Metal: Corrosion

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

As in life, so in redox reactions: some are good and some are bad. Corrosion is one of the evil among redox reactions. It is the unwanted oxidation of a metal that cuts short the lifetimes of steel ... More


Electrochemistry

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explores electrochemistry, from the fundamental observations associated with the Daniel Cell to redox reactions and the Nernst equation. As throughout the book, all the discussions are ... More


Image Quality and X-Ray Production

Varut Vardhanabhuti, Julia James, Rosemary Gray, Rehaan Nensey, Vivien Shuen, and Tishi Ninan

in MCQs for the First FRCR

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584024
eISBN:
9780191917967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584024.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Regarding the interaction of radiation with the body: Photons of energy of 40keV react with soft tissues of the body, predominantly by the Compton reaction. Bone has a higher effective ... More


Article 36 CFR

Tobias Lock

in The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights: A Commentary

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198794561
eISBN:
9780191927874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759393.003.558
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The Union recognises and respects access to services of general economic interest as provided for in national laws and practices, in accordance with the Treaties, in order to promote the social and ... More


GICs and Batteries

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Intercalation can be defined as the process of inserting atoms or molecules (guest chemical species) between layers in a host material with layered structure such as graphite. Intercalation can be ... More


Proton- and ion-transfer reactions

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

We consider the transfer of an ion or proton from the solution to the surface of a metal electrode; often this is accompanied by a simultaneous discharge of the transferring particle, such as by a ... More


Fundamentals of Electrochemistry

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367997
eISBN:
9780197562635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367997.003.0027
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

Electrochemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the interconversion of chemical and electrical energy. A galvanic (or voltaic) cell is a chemical system that uses an oxidation–reduction ... More


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