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When God Was a Bird: Christianity, Animism, and the Re-Enchantment of the World

Mark I. Wallace

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281329
eISBN:
9780823284955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281329.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

At one time, God was a bird. In ancient Egypt, Thoth was the Ibis-headed divinity of magic and wisdom. Winged divine beings—griffins and harpies—populated the pantheon of Greek antiquity, and ... More


“Every Move You Make”: First Signs of the Supernatural Eye

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 3 continues to trace religion’s evolutionary history by identifying three “primitive” traits of religion: ancestor worship, animism, and shamanism. It is argued that these are religion’s ... More


After Lives

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This is a brief survey of beliefs about an after life from the earliest times. No one or two formulae can capture the structure or motives of such beliefs. Many beliefs in a future existence go with ... More


Clerics

Anne Haour

in Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the similarities in the means by which new monotheistic religions, Christianity and Islam, came to override previous religious beliefs in the central Sahel and north-west ... More


Jan Svankmajer

Keith Leslie Johnson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041471
eISBN:
9780252050077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041471.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This synoptic study of Czech filmmaker Jan Švankmajer (b. 1934) presents his career in terms of a Surrealist outlook informed by an idiosyncratic animism. More than any other recent filmmaker, ... More


People Trees: Worship of Trees in Northern India

David L. Haberman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199929177
eISBN:
9780199332960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929177.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This is a book about religious conceptions of trees within the cultural world of tree worship at the tree shrines of northern India. Sacred trees have been worshiped for millennia in India, and today ... More


Aesthetic Animism: Digital Poetry's Ontological Implications

David Jhave Johnston

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034517
eISBN:
9780262334396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034517.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book offers a decoder for some of the new forms of poetry enabled by digital technology. Examining many of the strange technological vectors converging on language, it proposes a poetics ... More


Cognitive Styles in Primitive Cultures

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religious beliefs of egalitarian foraging cultures include belief in spirits and magic, treated by primitive people as significant but fairly commonplace. This is called animism. These beliefs are ... More


Taking Animism Seriously

Rane Willerslev

in Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism, and Personhood among the Siberian Yukaghirs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252165
eISBN:
9780520941007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252165.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the animism debate and explains how mimesis might help people take animism seriously. It first studies the metaphor model, and then discusses the concepts of Cartesianism, ... More


Ghosts of the New City: Spirits, Urbanity, and the Ruins of Progress in Chiang Mai

Andrew Alan Johnson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839390
eISBN:
9780824868437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839390.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Chiang Mai (literally, “new city”) suffered badly in the 1997 Asian financial crisis as the Northern Thai real estate bubble collapsed along with the Thai baht, crushing dreams of a renaissance of ... More


Us, Relatives: Scaling and Plural Life in a Forager World

Nurit Bird-David

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293403
eISBN:
9780520966680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293403.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Anthropologists have long looked to animistic forager-cultivator cultures for insights into the spectrum of human lifeways. Yet they have largely failed to appreciate indigenous horizons of concern ... More


The City in Late Antiquity: Where Have All the Demons Gone?

Dayna S. Kalleres

in City of Demons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520276475
eISBN:
9780520956841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276475.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents the book’s framework as: (1) a new form of cultural history (animistic history of demons in the city or ecclesiastical authority); and (2) historiographical critique (why have ... More


Enacting the Other: Towards an Aesthetics of Feeling in Literary Reading

David S. Miall

in The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691517
eISBN:
9780191731815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691517.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

I begin by reviewing some conflicting views on what empathy is, how it can occur, and if it is even possible: the scholars mainly discussed are Currie, Carroll, Walton, and Oatley. I conclude that ... More


Shaping Behavior

A. David Napier

in Making Things Better: A Workbook on Ritual, Cultural Values, and Environmental Behavior

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199969357
eISBN:
9780199346097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969357.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Readers are invited to take an everyday object and animate it. The purpose is to examine how our attitude towards material things may be transformed by ritual engagement with the things around us. ... More


Introduction: Crossing the Species Divide

Mark I. Wallace

in When God Was a Bird: Christianity, Animism, and the Re-Enchantment of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281329
eISBN:
9780823284955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281329.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

At one time, God was a bird. But it is said that Christianity evolved away from its animocentric origins in order to defend a pure form of monotheism. This narrative, however, misses the startling ... More


The Delaware River Basin

Mark I. Wallace

in When God Was a Bird: Christianity, Animism, and the Re-Enchantment of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281329
eISBN:
9780823284955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281329.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 2 begins with a hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) tour of Pennsylvania to witness the devastation wrought by extreme energy extraction. In Martin Heidegger, this type of technology is an ... More


Mortality

Alphonso Lingis

in Irrevocable: A Philosophy of Mortality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226556765
eISBN:
9780226557090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557090.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Martin Heidegger explains that anxiety, the premonition of nothingness, is an anticipation of dying. He brings together the future, the possible, goals, death, and nothingness. He traces how the ... More


Animism as Mimesis

Rane Willerslev

in Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism, and Personhood among the Siberian Yukaghirs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252165
eISBN:
9780520941007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252165.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the Yukaghirs, a small group of indigenous hunters settled near the Upper Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia. It shows that these hunters believe that persons can take a ... More


Forests of History: Plants, People, and Power

Ben Campbell

in Living Between Juniper and Palm: Nature, Culture, and Power in the Himalayas

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198078524
eISBN:
9780199082278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078524.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter focuses on forests and plants that starts by tracing botanical and forestry perceptions of the Himalayas and the uses made of them by local populations, and presents historically ... More


Mystic Island

Hannah C. M. Bulloch

in In Pursuit of Progress: Narratives of Development on a Philippine Island

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824858865
eISBN:
9780824873646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824858865.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Throughout the Philippines, Siquijor is infamous as a realm of sorcery, witchcraft and hyperactive paranormal activity. At the same time, the island is promoted as an unspoiled haven of white beaches ... More


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