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The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Eric T. Olson

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that our identity over time involves no psychological facts. Psychological accounts of personal identity lead to grave metaphysical problems, and the arguments for them are ... More


Animals

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines animalism, the view that we are biological organisms. It is based on the claim that human organisms think just as we do. This implies that if I am not an organism, I am one of ... More


What Now?

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes that animalism, the temporal‐parts view, and nihilism are the best accounts of what we are. It then takes up metaphysical objections to animalism hinted at earlier. It is ... More


Persistence

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter covers the issue of the material constitution of the self and its identity over time. Animalism is the view that a person is identical with the human animal and not with either an ... More


The Self

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter has both a negative and a positive agenda. Negatively, it argues that two prominent approaches to the self—namely animalist (or biological) approaches and Lockean (or psychological) ... More


SOMATIST THEORIES OF OUR IDENTITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If the criticisms of immaterialism and non-reductionism in chapter 19 and of matter-based psychological views in chapter 20 are correct, it would seem that animalism or the biological view that ... More


THE RATIONAL INSIGNIFICANCE OF IDENTITY AND CONTINUITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If we should endorse a factual nihilism to the effect that there is no defensible account of our identity, it follows that we should also endorse an evaluative nihilism to the effect that the bias ... More


Externalism and Brain Transplants

Rory Madden

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603039
eISBN:
9780191725418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603039.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The animalist view of personal identity, according to which we human persons are identical to animals, is arguably the simplest view of the relationship between human persons and animals. But ... More


Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity

Stephan Blatti and Paul F. Snowdon (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199608751
eISBN:
9780191823305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608751.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Animalism is the view that we are animals. After being ignored for a long time in philosophical discussions of our nature, this idea has recently gained considerable support in metaphysics and ... More


Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Paul F. Snowdon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The starting point for this book is a particular answer to the fundamental question — what kind of thing are we? The particular answer is that we are animals (of a certain sort)—a view nowadays ... More


African Expectations, Jamaican Realities

Audra A. Diptee

in From Africa to Jamaica: The Making of an Atlantic Slave Society, 17751807

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034829
eISBN:
9780813038414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034829.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter makes clear that captive Africans were much more than the “ultimate human tool” or an extension of their owners' will. Despite the contemporary common perception, held by slave owners, ... More


Animals, art, abjection

Barbara Creed and Jeanette Hoorn

in Abject Visions: Powers of Horror in Art and Visual Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096280
eISBN:
9781526109866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096280.003.0006
Subject:
Art, Art History

Barbara Creed and Jeanette Hoorn’s essay, ‘Animals, Art and Abjection’, teases out the implications of Kristeva’s contention in Powers of Horrorthat the abject engenders a fragile state within which ... More


A Case in which Two Persons Exist in One Animal

Mark D. Reid

in Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199608751
eISBN:
9780191823305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608751.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter a counterexample to animalism is presented where two persons exist in one animal. States of conscious awareness could alternate between the hemispheres of a single brain through a ... More


Strengthening the Rejection of Transplant Arguments

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks whether there are further reasons for being doubtful about the judgement that the subject or person goes with the brain in brain transplant cases. Some have argued that a case can ... More


Conclusions and Consequences

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Here the focus is on non-dissociation arguments against animalism. A number of such arguments drawn from the writings of Lynne Rudder Baker are considered and rejected. Eric Olson’s argument, based ... More


Introduction

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The introductory chapter provides an overview of the book’s main themes. The book offers a critique of a certain mode or style of philosophical thinking about ourselves known as ‘mentalism’. This ... More


Animalism

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets out the proposition that is the topic of assessment in this book: (A) Each of us is identical with, is one and the same thing as, an animal. Two things must be decided about (A). ... More


Some Questions about Animals

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some general questions about animal existence and persistence, arguing that animals, even advanced ones, do not require psychological properties to remain in existence. An ... More


[A&~P] Cases: An Introduction

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a general introduction to [A&~P] cases and considers the plausibility of some of the supposed examples. Standard cases involving extreme loss of psychological capacities are ... More


Deprivation and Identity

Jens Johansson

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Don Marquis famously argues that abortion is typically immoral because it deprives the fetus of a future like yours and mine. He bases his argument on “animalism,” the view that human persons are ... More


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