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Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

Tiago Saraiva

in Fascist Pigs: Technoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035033
eISBN:
9780262335706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter four explores the development by academic animal breeders of performance tests enabling the transformation of pigs into organisms embodying fascism. Standards developed at the University of ... More


The Origins of a Moral Logic of Risk

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Medical research communities have longstanding traditions for handling the risks that human experiments entail. A cornerstone of these traditions is the logic of lesser harms, whereby hazardous ... More


Roots of Optimism and Anxiety

Susanna Rankin Bohme

in Toxic Injustice: A Transnational History of Exposure and Struggle

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520278981
eISBN:
9780520959811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278981.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

From the early 1950s through early 1960s, Dow and Shell marketed DBCP before toxicological testing was complete. Marketing techniques used the language of science to teach farmers about DBCP’s ... More


Loving Animals: Toward a New Animal Advocacy

Kathy Rudy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674688
eISBN:
9781452947433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674688.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

The contemporary animal rights movement encompasses a wide range of sometimes-competing agendas from vegetarianism to animal liberation. For people for whom pets are family members—animal lovers ... More


Contractarianism, Animals, and Risk

Mark Rowlands

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter argues that while some versions of contractarian moral theory preclude granting moral status to nonhumans, the most plausible, and the most influential, versions of this approach are not ... More


Play Bally

Laurence A. Rickels

in I Think I Am: Philip K. Dick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816666652
eISBN:
9781452946566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816666652.003.0038
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the relationship between animals and humans by focusing on the work of psychoanalyst Gustav Bally. In his study of animals and humans, first published in 1945, Bally entered a ... More


Governing Darwin’s World

Philip Kitcher

in Animals: A History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199375967
eISBN:
9780199375998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199375967.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes Darwin to have posed a new question for moral and social theory: How is the organic world described in the Origin of Species to be governed? Darwin also pointed toward a way of ... More


The Ethical Treatment of Animals

Michael Tye

in Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190278014
eISBN:
9780190278045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the practical implications of the results established in previous chapters. Previous chapters have argued that a wide array of creatures have feelings and perceptual ... More


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