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The Use of Animals in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the use of animals in research. It provides a brief history of animal research and examines the ethical arguments for and against animal experimentation. The chapter discusses ... More


Animal welfare: Philosophy meets science

Larry Carbone

in What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161960
eISBN:
9780199790067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161960.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents select influential philosophical approaches to animal welfare, to see how they have and how they could enlighten animal welfare policy. Topics discussed include the concept of ... More


A look to the future

Larry Carbone

in What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161960
eISBN:
9780199790067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161960.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter looks to a future when animal research ends. It asks how our children's children will judge what we did in our laboratories. Until they are all finally liberated, what goals should we ... More


Extrapolation, Capacities, and Mechanisms

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that previous accounts of extrapolation, either by reference to capacities or mechanisms, do not adequately address the challenges confronting extrapolation. It then begins the ... More


The History of Modern Animal Rights Activism

Morrison Adrian R.

in An Odyssey with Animals: A Veterinarian's Reflections on the Animal Rights & Welfare Debate

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374445
eISBN:
9780199847938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374445.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a history of the evolution of the animal welfare movement, highlighting their use by scientists in particular. Historically, vivisection on animals without anesthesia was a ... More


We’re All Animals: A Feminist Treatment of the Moral Limits of Nonhuman Animal Research

Christina M. Bellon

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter assesses the issue of nonhuman animal research. It offers a provocative and challenging conclusion to the discussion of moral progress and to the volume as a whole. It determines some ... More


The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Jeremy R. Garrett (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research ... More


Lives in the Balance: Utilitarianism and Animal Research

Robert Bass

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter precisely clarifies those inputs that are needed in order to make a fully informed utilitarian judgment. It offers an extended discussion of the bearing of utilitarianism upon practices ... More


The Ethics of Animal Research: An Overview of the Debate

Jeremy R. Garrett

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter briefly discusses the history and contemporary practice of animal research. It also determines the five important factors driving the scientific and ethical controversy: political and ... More


Music and Neuroscience

John W. Flohr and Donald A. Hodges

in MENC Handbook of Musical Cognition and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304565
eISBN:
9780199850723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304565.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter provides a detailed and critical overview of the neuroscientific research dealing with music and music education. It focuses on ideas helpful to music education from what is known about ... More


Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Sheri J. Y. Mizumori (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Neuropsychological data and animal research suggest that hippocampus play both a critical role in episodic learning and memory, and an adaptive role during active navigation. Recent studies have ... More


Debating the Value of Animal Research

Andrew Rowan

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter highlights at least one additional source of potential common ground: by better defining and assessing animal distress, researchers could likely reduce such distress and also improve the ... More


The Evolutionary Basis for Animal Research

Stephen P. Schiffer

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter reports that there is clear public support for ethically guided animal research and seeks to articulate a scientific basis for this intuition using the theory of evolution. It states ... More


. Life and Death

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238022
eISBN:
9780520939851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238022.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter shows that electrobiologists adopted electrical technology for research on plants and animals. It specifically addresses the electrobiologists' activities and inventions. In adapting ... More


The Study of Mankind Is Man: Reflections on Animal Research

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0011
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter is an attempt to provide a formal examination of how frequent and how well animal research is being systematically reviewed in the medical literature. This matters because most medical ... More


The Commonsense Case against Animal Experimentation

Mylan Engel

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter challenges those who would reject the conclusions of opponents of animal research. It addresses that all ethical theories have weaknesses. It shows that even if one only cared about ... More


Rational Engagement, Emotional Response, and the Prospects for Moral Progress in Animal Use “Debates”

Nathan Nobis

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter reveals that moral progress does not need any “new” philosophy or ethical theorizing. It determines three basic logical skills for rationally evaluating moral arguments. It reviews a ... More


Defending Animal Research: An International Perspective

Baruch A. Brody

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter addresses the reasonable pro-research position on animal research. It reviews several potential candidates for a defense of (at least some) animal research, ultimately decreasing the ... More


Virtue, Vice, and Vivisection

Garret Merriam

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter argues that since it has neither the maximization component of utilitarianism, nor the deontological constraints of rights theory, virtue ethics can restrict animal experimentation to a ... More


Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research

David B. Resnik

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter explores the scientific objection that we should curtail or stop using animals in research because animal species are often not good models for human physiology, pathology, toxicology, ... More


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