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Recruitment of New Visual Cues for Perceptual Appearance

Benjamin T. Backus

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of perception and appearance, to provide the background necessary for testing whether changes in appearance occur. Next, it addresses some of the problems that ... More


The Evolutionary Origins of Causal Cognition: Learning and Using Causal Structures

Brian J. Edwards, Benjamin M. Rottman, and Laurie R. Santos

in Tool Use and Causal Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199571154
eISBN:
9780191731259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571154.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter explores the origins of our species' drive to explain the causal world. It begins by reviewing the types of information that humans use to learn causal structures. Specifically, it ... More


Transfer

Yadin Dudai, E.J. Capaldi, Mark A. McDaniel, Alice F. Healy, and Henry L. Roediger III

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents five chapters on the concept of transfer. The first chapter discusses the inclusion of the concept of transfer in molecular and cellular neuroscience. The second considers transfer ... More


Episodic-like memory in animals: psychological criteria, neural mechanisms and the value of episodic-like tasks to investigate animal models of neurodegenerative disease

Richard G. M. Morris

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The question of whether any non-human species displays episodic memory is controversial. Associative accounts of animal learning recognize that behaviour can change in response to single events but ... More


How animals learn

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on how animals learn. It reviews the traditional explanation of how animals gain knowledge and solve problems, and points out that the three pillars of animal abilities — ... More


Postscript: An Essay on the Study of Cognition in Animals

Stewart H. Hulse

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0035
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This essay describes some parts of the study of animal learning that were notable for their absence well into the 1960s but had substantial impact ... More


Time and Number: Learning, Psychophysics, Stimulus Control, and Retention

J. Gregor Fetterman

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The resurgence of interest in animal cognition was accompanied by the use of increasingly complex stimulus arrangements such as temporal events ... More


Why animals learn better in social groups

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on why animals learn better in social groups. It begins with a discussion of the demise of imitation as an explanation for all social learning in animals. It considers the ... More


The Cognitive Chicken: Visual and Spatial Cognition in a Nonmammalian Brain

Giorgio Vallortigara

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cognitive abilities of species outside of mammalian classes may prove useful and insightful to the study of animal intelligence. In Europe, ... More


Taking stock

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The field of primate cognition is a fast-moving one at present. This means that any generalizations are liable to be qualified by new results, and we must expect refinements and corrections to the ... More


Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior

Alan C. Kamil and Alan B. Bond

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the results of experiments that investigated animal cognition in an integrative fashion by combining the methodology and ... More


The reinforcement memory systems of early animals

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The reinforcement memory systems evolved early in the history of animals. Through these ancient mechanisms, animals can remember which actions in which circumstances produced benefits or avoided ... More


There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability

W. David Stahlman, Kenneth J. Leising, Dennis Garlick, and Aaron P. Blaisdell

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Variation in behaviour is an essential ingredient and necessary precondition for creativity. This chapter explores the role of associative learning processes in the generation of behavioural ... More


Play Bally

Laurence A. Rickels

in I Think I Am: Philip K. Dick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816666652
eISBN:
9781452946566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816666652.003.0038
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the relationship between animals and humans by focusing on the work of psychoanalyst Gustav Bally. In his study of animals and humans, first published in 1945, Bally entered a ... More


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