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Prior to Function

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

‘Prior to function’ are structural preconditions that enter into the ordinary use of language, such as its communicative use. This dependence does not allow the explanation of language as a function ... More


Personhood and Biography

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter and the following chapter defend a moral hierarchy of persons (defined as individuals with a biographical sense of self), near-persons (defined as individuals who lack a biographical ... More


The Animal, What a Word!: Human Language and Non-Human Animals

Eva Meijer

in When Animals Speak: Toward an Interspecies Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479859351
eISBN:
9781479815661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479859351.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

In chapter 1, the author investigates the relation between language and anthropocentrism. By discussing the relation between human language and non-human animal exclusion, she argues that, in order ... More


Animal Languages

Eva Meijer

in When Animals Speak: Toward an Interspecies Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479859351
eISBN:
9781479815661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479859351.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 2 turns the focus to non-human animal languages. The author draws on empirical studies of non-human animal languages and cultures, in order to provide a better insight into their worlds as a ... More


Tackling the Naturalistic Conundrum: Instincts and Conjectural History to 1771

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter traces new impulses in the 1760s such as the first publication of Leibniz's Nouveaux essais, the 1763 contest on certitude in metaphysics, and investigations of animal instincts. At the ... More


When Animals Speak: Toward an Interspecies Democracy

Eva Meijer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479859351
eISBN:
9781479815661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479859351.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This book develops a theory of political animal voices in three steps. The first part focuses on language. Drawing on insights from recent studies in biology and ethology, it challenges a view of ... More


Wittgenstein and the Autonomy Of Humanistic Understandin g

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Clarifies why Wittgenstein’s philosophy has profound implications for the humanities and human sciences. It sketches the gradual growth, from the Renaissance until the early twentieth century, of ... More


Animality, Language, and Truth

Vanessa Lemm

in Nietzsche's Animal Philosophy: Culture, Politics, and the Animality of the Human Being

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230273
eISBN:
9780823235469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230273.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that Friedrich Nietzsche's criticism on metaphysics aims at a renewal of the meaning of philosophy as the pursuit of truth. It contends that throughout his ... More


The Logos of the Living World: Merleau-Ponty, Animals, and Language

Louise Westling

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255658
eISBN:
9780823261208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255658.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is an interdisciplinary work in environmental humanities that puts Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy into dialogue with evolutionary biology, animal studies, and literature, arguing for ... More


Conclusion: Thinking with Animals

Eva Meijer

in When Animals Speak: Toward an Interspecies Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479859351
eISBN:
9781479815661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479859351.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The conclusion discusses thinking with other animals, arguing that we need to take their agency into account in writing about them. In the second half of the conclusion, the author draws general ... More


Original Breath

Karmen MacKendrick

in The Matter of Voice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823269990
eISBN:
9780823270033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823269990.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter takes up the early books of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible to look at creation by voice (“And God said” begins each element of creation in the first such story here), in connection with ... More


Evolution in Action: The Zoo as a Site of Phylogenetic Remembrance

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter treats Julian Huxley’s time as director of London zoo (1935-1942), which marks his great interest in evolution and the development of the evolutionary synthesis. At the center stands his ... More


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