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All Animals Are Not Equal: The Interface between Scientific Knowledge and Legislation for Animal Rights

Lesley J. Rogers and Gisela Kaplan

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the interface between scientific knowledge and legislation for animal rights. It reviews available and up-to-date scientific evidence for awareness of self, ... More


Intelligences and Brains: An Evolutionary Bird's Eye View

Juan D. Delius and Julia A. Delius

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Whenever reporting on the cognitive abilities of animals to lay audiences, one is regularly confronted with the question of whether one is ... More


Making the Case for the Intelligence of Avian Navigation

Verner P. Bingman

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Communication, social cognition, and the ability to solve problems are generally considered hallmarks of animal intelligence. The seemingly routine navigational behavior of birds, reflected in their ... More


What is intelligence and what is it for?

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the need to describe and measure the intelligence of various animals in order to use the comparative method to reconstruct cognitive evolution in humans. Especially, ... More


Introduction

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This book focuses on animal intelligence, where animals are viewed as beings with intelligence and rationality appropriate to their species. It illustrates apes' mastery of word-lexigrams and the ... More


A Sketch of Schopenhauer's Central Ideas

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of Schopenhauer's thought, explaining the main themes and arguments of his major works: On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason; The World as Will ... More


Intelligence and Rationality in Parrots

Irene M. Pepperberg

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of symbol training in facilitating remarkable cognitive performances in African grey parrots. It analyses the ... More


Comparative Cognition: A Natural Science Approach to the Study of Animal Intelligence

Edward A. Wasserman and Thomas R. Zentall

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Natural science has succeeded in supplanting superstition and religion as explanations for countless worldly events—from eclipses and the tides to ... More


Taking stock

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The field of primate cognition is a fast-moving one at present. This means that any generalizations are liable to be qualified by new results, and we must expect refinements and corrections to the ... More


Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Duane Rumbaugh and David Washburn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

What is animal intelligence? In what ways is it similar to human intelligence? Many behavioral scientists have realized that animals can be rational, can think in abstract symbols, can understand and ... More


Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Wasserman and Thomas R Zentall (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1978, Hulse, Fowler, and Honig published Cognitive Processes in Animal Behavior, an edited volume that was a landmark in the scientific study of animal ... More


Cooperation in Nonhuman Primates: Function and Cognition

Dorothy L. Cheney

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It has long been hypothesized that the demands of establishing and maintaining social relationships in complex societies place strong selective pressures on cognition and intelligence. What has been ... More


Animal Alterity: Science Fiction and the Question of the Animal

Sherryl Vint

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312342
eISBN:
9781846316135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316135
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book uses readings of science fiction texts to explore how animals are central to our perception of humanity. Arguing that the academic field of animal studies and the popular genre of science ... More


What Is Challenging About Tool Use? The Capuchin's Perspective

Elisabetta Visalberghi and Dorothy Fragaszy

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Tool use has been linked to intelligence; the emergence of tools in human history is thought to reflect the evolution of human intelligence. Apart ... More


Mindreading in Animals: Its Importance and History

Robert W. Lurz

in Mindreading Animals: The Debate over What Animals Know about Other Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016056
eISBN:
9780262298339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016056.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The question of whether nonhuman animals read minds—that is, whether they are able to attribute mental states, such as intentions, beliefs, and perceptual experiences, to others by observing their ... More


The Cognitive Chicken: Visual and Spatial Cognition in a Nonmammalian Brain

Giorgio Vallortigara

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cognitive abilities of species outside of mammalian classes may prove useful and insightful to the study of animal intelligence. In Europe, ... More


Imitative behaviour of animals

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the imitative behaviour of animals. Behaviour that appears intelligent can be underwritten by a notion as simple as priming. Now that this is apparent, the difficulties of ... More


Overview and Perspective

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter presents an overview and perspectives on the efforts to understand animal behavior and animal intelligence. It also reviews some landmarks on the path to rational behaviorism. They ... More


Cognitive Adaptations for Tool-Related Behavior in New Caledonian Crows

Alex Kacelnik, Jackie Chappell, Ben Kenward, and Alex A. S. Weir

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

New Caledonian crows, spiders, and robots use and can construct objects outside their own body (“tools”) to act on the outside world toward ... More


Ctesias (a)

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The most important writer of the group of authors who are said to have composed Persica works is Ctesias of Cnidus (fl. 400-390 BCE). Of all the authors treated in this book, Ctesias the physician is ... More


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