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Animacy and Intention in the Brain: Neuroscience of Social Event Perception

Andrea S. Heberlein

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines a set of related concepts, including judgments of animacy, judgments of agency or intentionality, and anthropomorphizing, focusing on the functional neuroanatomy of each ... More


Animacy in Blackfoot: Implications for Event Structure and Clause Structure

Elizabeth Ritter and Sara Thomas Rosen

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Alternations between ‘transitive’ and ‘intransitive’ verbs in Blackfoot signal neither an aspectual shift nor the addition or suppression of internal arguments. Rather, ‘transitive’ morphology ... More


Religion: Her Ideas of His Ideas of Their Ideas …

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the ideas of agency, intentionality, and teleo-functional reasoning. Agency is something we infer from the regular patterns we observe in an entity’s behavior. Such patterns ... More


Conclusion

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Focusing on human intuitions about agency and intentionality helps understand beliefs about spirits, gods, and buddhas. Supernatural agents are beings with animacy and mentality, combined with a ... More


Human Meaning

Mark Turner

in The Literary Mind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126679
eISBN:
9780199853007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126679.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter applies the scientific approach to the question of how human beings recognize and execute small spatial stories which organize and add meaning to an otherwise chaotic jumble of human ... More


Shape-Independent Processing of Biological Motion

Nikolaus F. Troje and Dorita H. F. Chang

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence from numerous studies of inversion effects and preattentive processing that converge in suggesting that the visual system exploits its sensitivity to gravity-defined ... More


Developmental Origins of Biological Motion Perception

Willem E. Frankenhuis, H. Clark Barrett,, and Scott P. Johnson

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Newborn infants have a special affinity for motion. It is not surprising, therefore, that the perception of biological motion has an important role in the early development of infants. This chapter ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Biological Motion and Animacy

John A. Pyles and Emily D. Grossman

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuroimaging evidence that reveals several unique brain states associated with the recognition of agents engaged in biological motion. A key brain area, the human superior ... More


Decomposing the mass/count distinction: Evidence from languages that lack it *

Martina Wiltschko

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter establishes that not all languages have a grammaticized mass/count distinction and consequently we have to distinguish between ontological properties associated with nouns and ... More


Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

M.D. Rutherford and Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

As adults, we can quickly interpret minimal visual information as a cue that something is animate, as when we briefly catch sight of a mouse darting from hiding place to hiding place. With a mere ... More


Introduction: The Interdisciplinary Study of Social Perception

M.D. Rutherford and Valerie A. Kuhlmeier

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The focus of this book is on the detection and interpretation of intentional social entities. While Fritz Heider is often considered one of the major influences on social psychology his emphasis on ... More


Evidence for Specialized Perception of Animate Motion

M. D. Rutherford

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Adults are able to easily extract motion information from even very simple stimuli in order to perceive animate motion and infer agency. This ability develops early in infancy, is a human universal, ... More


Perceiving Intention in Animacy Displays Created from Human Motion

Phil McAleer and Scott A. Love

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Typically, the actions of agents in classical animacy displays are synthetically created, thus forming artificial displays of biological movement. Therefore, the link between the motion in animacy ... More


Design for Learning: The Case of Chasing

Willem E. Frankenhuis and H. Clark Barrett

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Often, mental development is viewed as resulting either from domain-general learning mechanisms or from highly specialized modules containing substantial innate knowledge. However, an evolutionary ... More


Perceiving Animacy and Intentionality: Visual Processing or Higher-Level Judgment?

Brian J. Scholl and Tao Gao

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We can identify social agents in our environment not only on the basis of how they look, but also on the basis of how they move—and even simple geometric shapes can give rise to rich percepts of ... More


Semantic Distinctions between Impersonal and Non-impersonal Verbs of Emotion: Evidence from Entries in the Middle English Dictionary

Ayumi Miura

in Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions: Verb Meaning and Syntax in Diachrony

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199947157
eISBN:
9780190204556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199947157.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 5 offers a careful analysis of the data from the entries of the Middle English Dictionary according to the five factors which were identified in Chapter 2 as possibly having influenced the ... More


Concluding Remarks

Ayumi Miura

in Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions: Verb Meaning and Syntax in Diachrony

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199947157
eISBN:
9780190204556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199947157.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

The final chapter first revisits the issue of transitivity of impersonal verbs and concludes that Middle English verbs of emotion are likely to occur in impersonal constructions if they are ... More


Rock Art, Historical Ontologies, and the Genealogy of Landscape: A Case Study from the Southern Andes (30° lat. S)

María Cecilia Lozada (ed.)

in Andean Ontologies: New Archaeological Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813056371
eISBN:
9780813058184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056371.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Prehispanic ontologies can be conceptualized as historically situated meshworks that unfold particular engagements among humans, other-than-humans, places and substances. The affective and animacy ... More


The Development of Knowledge of Animates and Inanimates in Infancy

Lisa M. Oakes and David H. Rakison

in Developmental Cascades: Building the Infant Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780195391893
eISBN:
9780197513798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195391893.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Previous theories have tended to focus on a single mechanism to explain the development of knowledge of animates and inanimates infancy, although for some theorists this mechanism is domain-specific ... More


Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions: Verb Meaning and Syntax in Diachrony

Ayumi Miura

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199947157
eISBN:
9780190204556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199947157.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

Impersonal constructions in the history of English form a puzzling category, in that there has been uncertainty as to why some verbs are attested in such constructions while others are not, even ... More


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