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Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Beverley Glover

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Flowers are the beautiful and complex reproductive structures of the angiosperms, one of the most diverse and successful groups of living organisms. The underlying thesis of this book is that to ... More


The Evolution of Flowers

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Flowers are relatively recent innovations. The first land plants arose around 470 million years ago, but fossil evidence indicates that only after another 340 million years did the angiosperms ... More


Flowers

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the developmental evolution of flowers and flower organ identity. It reviews some of the most important insights that have been gained from research on the developmental ... More


Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines abiotic pollination via wind or water. It begins with a discussion of wind pollination or anemophily, which is a common occurrence in modern plants, especially in most ... More


Why Pollination Is Interesting

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces some of the book’s central themes on animal pollination, beginning with a discussion of animals that visit flowers. At least 130,000 species of animals, and probably up to ... More


Evolution of Flowers, Pollination, and Plant Diversity

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the evolution of flowers, pollination, and plant diversity. There is good evidence for pollinator-mediated selection and appropriate trait heritability in flowers, and there are ... More


The Blossoming Earth

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter describes the intimate ties between the early history of animal life and plant life. More broadly, it examines the changing diversity of plant groups through geologic time, and how the ... More


The evolution of flowers

Beverley Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199661596
eISBN:
9780191779473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661596.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Flowers evolved around 130–180 million years ago. This chapter discusses the origins and radiations of the angiosperms and the flowers they produce, analysing both fossil and molecular phylogenetic ... More


Fossil Record and Evolution

Jerry A. Powell and Paul A. Opler

in Moths of Western North America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251977
eISBN:
9780520943773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251977.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the relationships among lepidopteran evolutionary lineages based on changes in their morphological adaptation. It begins by discussing fossil records of Lepidoptera, followed ... More


Sirenia

Daryl P. Domning, Iyad S. Zalmout, and Philip D. Gingerich

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The order Sirenia is the only extant group of mammals adapted to feed exclusively on aquatic plants. In view of the worldwide abundance of aquatic macrophytes and the few other large herbivores ... More


Flowering Plants

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

There is much excellent phylogenetic work on California plant species, but the molecular tools used thus far are generally more useful at discerning evolutionary relationships that occurred prior to ... More


Intimate Ark: Sex and Emergence

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Among the greatest cooperative examples of biotic evolution that released a virtually unbounded world of complexity, particularly conspicuous among eukaryotic organisms, was the evolution of sex. In ... More


The Potential Use of Seaweeds and Marine Plants by Native Peoples of Alta and Baja California: Implications for “Marginal” Island Ecosystems

Amira F. Ainis, Jon M. Erlandson, Kristina M. Gill, Michael H. Graham, and René L. Vellanoweth

in An Archaeology of Abundance: Reevaluating the Marginality of California's Islands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056166
eISBN:
9780813053936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056166.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Archaeologically, the use of marine kelps and seaweeds is poorly understood, yet California's islands are surrounded by extensive and highly productive kelp forests with nearshore habitats containing ... More


Case Studies

Alan Graham

in Land Bridges: Ancient Environments, Plant Migrations, and New World Connections

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226544151
eISBN:
9780226544328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226544328.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In the case studies of taxa presented here, where times and directions of migrations and reintroductions have been suggested, 27 or ca. 60% appear to have used land bridges, based on the fossil ... More


Mutualism from Antagonism: Ants and Flowers

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The evolution of interactions between plants and their pollinators provides some of the clearest examples of change in the outcome of interactions from antagonistic to mutualistic. Early insect ... More


Overview and Perspectives

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ants are probably the most dominant insect family on earth, and flowering plants have been the dominant plant group on land for more than 100 million years. The evolutionary success of angiosperms ... More


Understanding Flowers and Flowering, Second Edition

Beverley Glover

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199661596
eISBN:
9780191779473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661596.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This book takes a uniquely integrated approach to the study of floral biology. Flowers are the beautiful and complex reproductive structures of the angiosperms, one of the most diverse and successful ... More


Flora and Vegetation

Kenneth R. Young and Paul E. Berry

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

South America’s shape, size, and geographic position, now and in the past, have acted to influence the development of diverse coverings of land surfaces with plants of different sizes, adaptations, ... More


In search of possible causes of mass extinctions

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

When the subject of extinctions in the geological past comes up, nearly everyone’s thoughts turn to dinosaurs. It may well be true that these long-extinct beasts mean more to most children than the ... More


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