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The Limitations of Ancient Atomism

J. R. Milton

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The history of atomism presents a paradox. The atomic theory is a central pillar of modern physics and chemistry, as well as a very old theory, going back in some form to Leucippus and Democritus in ... More


“Ancient Jewish Sciences” and the Historiography of Judaism

Annette Yoshiko Reed

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the place of “science” in the historiography of Judaism in order to uncover some of the ways in which knowledge about the stars, cosmos, and human body was represented, taught, ... More


Ptolemy’s Maps as an Introduction to Ancient Science

J. L. Berggren

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Historians of mathematics often forget that scientific artefacts other than texts have their stories to tell. Less remarked on is another use of ancient scientific artefacts, namely, their ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Ben-Dov and Seth L. Sanders (eds)

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book explores the relationship between science and early Judaism. Drawing on the foundations of an established discipline, which has studied the role of Jews in the formation of medieval and ... More


Aratus and the Astronomical Tradition

Emma Gee

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199781683
eISBN:
9780199345151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781683.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book is a study of a Hellenistic didactic poem, the Phaenomena, written by Aratus in c.276 BC, and of its reception, primarily in the Roman period up to the fourth century AD. Aratus’ poem about ... More


Enoch and the Beginnings of Jewish Interest in Natural Science*

Philip S. Alexander

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter traces the history of Jewish engagement with ancient science by contextualizing the literature related to Enoch. It first considers a working definition of “science” and the earlier ... More


Manilius’ conflicted Stoicism

Thomas Habinek

in Forgotten Stars: Rediscovering Manilius' Astronomica

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586462
eISBN:
9780191724961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586462.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Stoicism supplies much of the intellectual infrastructure for Manilius’ poem. The continuity physics of the Stoics, together with related teachings on theology, biology, and perception, informs ... More


Enoch’s Science

James VanderKam

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the scientific teaching and key scientific concepts of the Astronomical Book of Enoch. In particular, it considers whether the material in the Astronomical Book should be viewed ... More


Philological and Epistemological Remarks on Enoch’s Science: Response to Papers by Seth Sanders and James VanderKam

Loren T. Stuckenbruck

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter comments on papers by Seth L. Sanders and James VanderKam, both of whom identify and problematize our understanding of the Astronomical Book of Enoch as a product of emerging Jewish ... More


Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science

Daryn Lehoux, A. D. Morrison, and Alison Sharrock (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199605408
eISBN:
9780191750595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605408.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This collection of ten chapters on Lucretius' poem of the world, Dererumnatura(DRN), attempts to combine within one book and within the individual contributions the three main strands of approaches ... More


The Epistemology of Ptolemy’s On the Criterion

Mark J. Schiefsky

in Strategies of Argument: Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199890477
eISBN:
9780199345472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890477.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the use that the 2nd c. AD ancient Greek mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy makes of the concept of a ‘criterion’ in his On the Criterion, a seldom-studied work in ... More


Mapping the Afterlife: From Homer to Dante

Emma Gee

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190670481
eISBN:
9780190670511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670481.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book is a tour of afterlife landscapes from Homer to Dante. It argues that the topography of the afterlife in Greek and Roman tradition, and in Dante, reflects the state of “scientific” ... More


A Community of Dialers?

Richard J. A. Talbert

in Roman Portable Sundials: The Empire in your Hand

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190273484
eISBN:
9780190273507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190273484.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The chapter pursues intellectual and social approaches, considering who might design, commission, or purchase geographical portable sundials—with what knowledge, how acquired, and with what range of ... More


Did Plato’s Cosmos Literally Begin? *

Sarah Broadie

in Strategies of Argument: Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199890477
eISBN:
9780199345472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes up the question of whether modern interpreters are right to read the cosmology of Plato’s Timaeus—with its thesis that the cosmos had a beginning—as “proto-historical” (i.e., as ... More


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