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Ancient Medicine: Asclepius Transformed

V. Nutton

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

A revival of interest in ancient medicine can be attributed to the fact that classicist focus has shifted away from a concentration on classical Greece and Rome towards the more exotic worlds of ... More


Relighting the Torch of European Antiquity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0050
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on the developments of the Early Middle Ages in Europe. Jacob Burckhardt called the Middle Ages, an era in which the life was very colorful and rich. The remaining historical ... More


The Wheel of Progress Turns No More

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0040
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The medicine that had developed from the pre-Socratic philosophers of nature and which had gone through a significant development between reality and plausibility now lost its importance. The ... More


A View to the Visible, and Opinions on the Invisible

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Medicine is the linking of the knowledge of the visible with the knowledge of the invisible. The visible part covers the morphological structures of the body. These are, first of all, the gross ... More


Manifold Experiences of the World

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0032
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The era of Hellenism was the first shift in early Western history. The center of power moved and the power structure changed. European medicine had emerged and persisted. The incessant changes of ... More


Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

R. J. Hankinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of investigation into the nature of cause and explanation, from the beginnings of Ancient Greek philosophy in 600 bc, through the Graeco‐Roman world, ... More


Aristotle on the Matter of Form: A Feminist Metaphysics of Generation

Adriel M. Trott

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474455220
eISBN:
9781474476874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474455220.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book argues that nature even in generation in Aristotle should be understood on an emergent model that sees a unity in the four causes. The model of artifice divides form from matter, where ... More


The Soul’s Virtue and the Health of the Body in Ancient Philosophy

James Allen

in Health: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199916429
eISBN:
9780190921293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199916429.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter undertakes a comparison between ancient philosophy and ancient medicine, showing that in Greek works and texts of the Roman period a parallel was drawn between the therapeutic art of ... More


Whose Dream Is It Anyway?: Navigating the Significance of Dreams in the Ancient World

Jason P. Davies

in Ancient Divination and Experience

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198844549
eISBN:
9780191880032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844549.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, European History: BCE to 500CE

Dreams were a deeply paradoxical method of divination in the ancient world; sometimes dismissed or treated with the greatest of suspicion, they might also be treated as a routine and reliable way of ... More


Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen: Nature, Knowledge, Imagery in an Ancient Chinese Medical Text

Paul Unschuld

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520233225
eISBN:
9780520928497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233225.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The Huang Di nei jing su wen, known familiarly as the Su wen, is a seminal text of ancient Chinese medicine, yet until now there has been no comprehensive, detailed analysis of its development and ... More


The Symbolic Power of Food in the Greco-Roman World

John David Penniman

in Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222760
eISBN:
9780300228007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222760.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter highlights some of the foundational philosophical, medical, and moral texts that account for the power of nourishment within the formation of the human person in the Greco-Roman world. ... More


Verification

Neil W. Bernstein

in Ethics, Identity, and Community in Later Roman Declamation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199964116
eISBN:
9780199346042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964116.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines how the Major Declamations stage epistemological conflicts between different ways of rationalizing events beyond human beings’ control, such as madness, illness, and ... More


Getting in Touch: Aristotelian Diagnostics

Emmanuel Alloa

in Carnal Hermeneutics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265886
eISBN:
9780823266951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265886.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, the author argues that hermeneutics proper is preceded by a non-textual art of interpretation and distinguishing based in sensible diagnostics, evident particularly in the medical ... More


Uncorking the Past: Alcoholic Fermentation as Humankind’s First Biotechnology

Patrick E. McGovern

in Alcohol and Humans: A Long and Social Affair

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842460
eISBN:
9780191878442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842460.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

To substantiate and illustrate the centrality of molecular archaeology in bridging the divide between the natural sciences and the humanities, this chapter draws upon laboratory research on ... More


Healing epiphanies: Epiphanies as diagnostic and therapeutic tools

Georgia Petridou

in Divine Epiphany in Greek Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198723929
eISBN:
9780191791246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723929.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 3 examines epiphany in the context of disease and healing by focusing on the divine origins of the disease and on epiphanies as diagnostic and therapeutic tools in Greek culture. Some healing ... More


The Essence of Rage: Galen on Emotional Disturbances and their Physical Correlates

P.N. Singer

in Selfhood and the Soul: Essays on Ancient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198777250
eISBN:
9780191823015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777250.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In Galen’s psychology, a post-Platonist ethical-behavioural model sits alongside physical and physiological explanations deriving from medicine and biology; and it is not always clear how the ... More


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