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Tables and tabular formatting in Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, 2500 bce–50 ce

Eleanor Robson

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the invention and evolution of the numerical table as an information storage device. This was not a one-off event, with clearly traceable consequences across an ever-widening ... More


The Mesopotamian ‘Rod and Ring’: Icon of Righteous Kingship and Balance of Power between Palace and Temple

Kathryn E. Slanski

in Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: From Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263907
eISBN:
9780191734687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the so-called ‘rod and ring’, the identified symbol of the balance of power between the two premier institutions of ancient Mesopotamia, the palace and the temple. It proposes ... More


Social Change and the Transition from the Third Dynasty of Ur to the Old Babylonian Kingdoms c.2112–1595 bce

Tonia Sharlach

in Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: From Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263907
eISBN:
9780191734687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the social change associated with the transition from the Third Dynasty of Ur to the Old Babylonian Kingdoms in ancient Mesopotamia during the period from c.2112 to 1595 BCE. It ... More


“One Shekel of Your Private Silver”

Joe Carlen

in A Brief History of Entrepreneurship: The Pioneers, Profiteers, and Racketeers Who Shaped Our World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231173049
eISBN:
9780231542814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173049.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

What role did the entrepreneur play in shaping Ancient Mesopotamia, the “cradle of civilization”? This chapter demonstrates how the entrepreneurial drive transformed this pagan Middle Eastern ... More


Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Dominique Charpin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Ancient Mesopotamia, the fertile crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now western Iraq and eastern Syria, is considered to be the cradle of civilization—home of the Babylonian ... More


In the Beginning: Origins and Originating Questions

P. R. S. Moorey

in Idols of the People: Miniature Images of Clay in the Ancient Near East

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262801
eISBN:
9780191734526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262801.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses terracottas and Old Testament study and looks at two paradigm shifts in recent scholarship in the origins of Israelite religion and in cognitive archaeology. It next turns to ... More


Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Jean Bottero

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The civilisation of Ancient Mesopotamia flourished between 3300 BC and 2000 BC in the southern half of the lands between and either side of the Tigris and Euphrates, where a vast grain harvest (about ... More


Reading and Writing in Mesopotamia: The Business of Specialists?

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines cuneiform writing in ancient Mesopotamia within the context of recent studies of the phenomenon of literacy, which is currently the object of a debate in Assyriology. It ... More


Later Mesopotamia

Mario Liverani

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 1: Beginnings to AD 600

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199218158
eISBN:
9780191804243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199218158.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the development of historical writing in later Mesopotamia. It covers the mid second millennium transition; Kassite and Middle Babylonian historical traditions; middle Assyrian ... More


Early Democracy Was Widespread

David Stasavage

in The Decline and Rise of Democracy: A Global History from Antiquity to Today

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691177465
eISBN:
9780691201955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177465.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins with the democratic history of Athens. It explains how early democracy was more likely to flourish in small-scale settings, in instances where rulers lacked the coercive potential ... More


Libraries in Syria and the Levant in the Late Bronze Age, c.1450–1100 BCE

Matthew Rutz

in Libraries before Alexandria: Ancient Near Eastern Traditions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199655359
eISBN:
9780191841347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655359.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Syria and the southern Levant has a long and rich epigraphic tradition that was rediscovered in the last century through archaeological excavation. Written remains stretching from the Bronze Age ... More


Controlling Cross-Border Traffic

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the role of borders in ancient Mesopotamia as how control over the borders was exerted over those who were led to cross them continually. It suggests that surveillance of roads ... More


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