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Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Jonathan Klawans

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book reevaluates modern scholarly approaches to ancient Jewish cultic rituals, arguing that sacrifice in particular has been long misunderstood. Various religious and cultural ideologies ... More


Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Christine E. Hayes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

For more than a century, scholars of ancient Judaism and early Christianity have assumed that ancient Jews viewed Gentiles as ritually impure, and that this alleged principle of Gentile ritual ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Klawans

in Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195132908
eISBN:
9780199848850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132908.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Reevaluation of the topic of impurity and sin is necessary since the question of the relationship between the two in ancient Judaism has not been adequately addressed since Buchler's Studies appeared ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Jonathan Klawans

in Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195132908
eISBN:
9780199848850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132908.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The distinction between ritual and moral defilement is important—even essential—simply for understanding the biblical text itself. At least four distinct approaches to the question of the ... More


Adam

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter argues that it is not only the angels who are perceived as dangerous competitors with God—the same holds true for Adam, the first man, who, according to some midrashim, was originally ... More


The Signifying Creator: Nontextual Sources of Meaning in Ancient Judaism

Michael D. Swartz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740934
eISBN:
9780814723784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740934.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

For centuries, Jews have been known as the “people of the book.” It is commonly thought that Judaism in the first several centuries CE found meaning exclusively in textual sources. But there is ... More


Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Jonathan Klawans

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195132908
eISBN:
9780199848850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132908.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Much has been written about ritual impurity in ancient Judaism, but the question of how the ancient Jews understood the relationship between defilement and sin has largely been ignored. This book ... More


Introduction

Mira Balberg

in Purity, Body, and Self in Early Rabbinic Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520280632
eISBN:
9780520958210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280632.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The introduction presents the book's main thesis, namely, that the rabbinic discourse of purity, while building on earlier foundations, presents a curious shift of focus toward self and subjectivity, ... More


What Kind of Society was Israel?

P. R. Ackroyd and G. N. Stanton

in Introducing the Old Testament

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192132543
eISBN:
9780191670053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192132543.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter is concerned with the social context of the Old Testament. The books of the Old Testament are by and large considered the products of the upper sections of society in ancient Israel. ... More


The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Timothy H. Lim

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300164343
eISBN:
9780300164954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300164343.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls provides unprecedented insight into the nature of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament before its fixation. This book presents a complete account of the formation ... More


Letters and Communities: Studies in the Socio-Political Dimensions of Ancient Epistolography

Paola Ceccarelli, Lutz Doering, Thorsten Fögen, and Ingo Gildenhard (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198804208
eISBN:
9780191842405
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804208.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The writing of letters often evokes associations of a single author and a single addressee, who share in the exchange of intimate thoughts across distances of space and time. This model underwrites ... More


Ancient Jewish Gender

Elizabeth Shanks Alexander

in Early Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479896950
eISBN:
9781479825707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479896950.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Because our sources about ancient Judaism were composed by rabbis, they reflect a limited perspective and certainly not that of women (nor how Jews actually lived). The rabbis’ attitudes towards ... More


Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Ilaria L.E. Ramelli

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

Were slavery and social injustice leading to dire poverty in antiquity and late antiquity only regarded as normal, ‘natural’ (Aristotle), or at best morally ‘indifferent’ (the Stoics), or, in the ... More


The Background of Greek Philosophy and Ancient Judaism: Asceticism, Slavery, and Socio-economic Injustice

Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

in Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter’s investigation into philosophy begins with the sophists and Socrates. Against unnamed sophists Aristotle theorized natural slavery, here critically analysed. Slaves, women, and ... More


Divination and Its Discontents

Michael D. Swartz

in The Signifying Creator: Nontextual Sources of Meaning in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740934
eISBN:
9780814723784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740934.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on divination traditions in ancient Judaism, as well as how some of the ancient rabbis dealt with those traditions and what these implied about the word and divine will. These ... More


Mother’s Milk as Ethno-religious Essence in Ancient Judaism

John David Penniman

in Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222760
eISBN:
9780300228007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222760.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Greek literature from ancient Judaism reflects many of the same strategies and assumptions surrounding food and proper formation found in Greek paideia and Roman family values. Indeed, certain Jewish ... More


Conclusions: The Signifying Creator

Michael D. Swartz

in The Signifying Creator: Nontextual Sources of Meaning in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740934
eISBN:
9780814723784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740934.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter states how in ancient Judaism, methods of interpretation and discourse on the nature of signs were not confined to scripture and its interpretation, but extended to the world ... More


Canon in the Gospels and Pauline Letters

Timothy H. Lim

in The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300164343
eISBN:
9780300164954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300164343.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

We can say that the Christian gospel was seen to complement the authoritative scriptures of ancient Judaism. The idea of fulfillment permeates the New Testament writers' way of relating the ... More


The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Timothy H. Lim

in The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300164343
eISBN:
9780300164954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300164343.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The formation of the Jewish canon is not easily explained. This chapter selects important texts and issues to discuss and provides a focused textual and scholarly engagement on the issues. It closes ... More


Ancient Judaism

Susan Gillingham

in A Journey of Two Psalms: The Reception of Psalms 1 and 2 in Jewish and Christian Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199652419
eISBN:
9780191766053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652419.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Chapter 2 looks at four locations of the reception of Psalms 1 and 2 in ancient Judaism: within the Hebrew Bible, examining the relationship between Psalm 1 and Jeremiah 17, Deuteronomy 6 and Ezekiel ... More


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