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Ancient DNA

Noreen Tuross and Michael G. Campana

in The Science of Roman History: Biology, Climate, and the Future of the Past

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195988
eISBN:
9781400889730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195988.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines how ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis has helped reconstruct ancient history. It focuses in particular on cases investigating Roman history. History leaves traces in the human genome ... More


Substitution of species, techniques and symbols at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Western Europe

Anne Tresset and Jean-Denis Vigne

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

It is often assumed that the dissemination of the Neolithic way of life, which originated in the Near East, took a more complex turn when arriving in the western part of Europe. This may be partly ... More


The Science of Roman History: Biology, Climate, and the Future of the Past

Walter Scheidel (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195988
eISBN:
9781400889730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195988.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book provides the first comprehensive look at how the latest advances in the sciences are transforming our understanding of ancient Roman history. The book explores novel types of evidence that ... More


Molecular Population Genetics

Daniel L. Hartl

in A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862291
eISBN:
9780191895074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862291.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 7 is an introduction to molecular population genetics that includes the principal concepts of nucleotide polymorphism and divergence, the site frequency spectrum, and tests of selection and ... More


Reconstructing the past

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

How can genetics and genomics be used to understand the evolutionary history of organisms? This chapter focuses on such methods. First, the field of phylogenetics is introduced, as a way to visualize ... More


The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Jane Buikstra and Charlotte Roberts (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book provides a global compendium on the history of paleopathology, an interdisciplinary scientific discipline that focuses on the study of ancient disease. Offering perspectives from regions ... More


Noah’s Mongrel Children: Ancient DNA and the Persistence of Christian Forms in Modern Biology

Terence Keel

in Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804795401
eISBN:
9781503604377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795401.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 examines how concepts about racial ancestry and the ontological uniqueness of human life from Christian intellectual history have historically informed scientific research on the ... More


Reconstructing the Origin, Evolution, and History of Leprosy

Charlotte A. Roberts

in Leprosy: Past and Present

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781683401841
eISBN:
9781683402893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401841.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter synthesizes the skeletal evidence for leprosy documented in the previous chapter to explore the origin, evolution, and spread of leprosy. The relevance of the three epidemiological ... More


The “African Queen”: A Portuguese Mystery

Ann L. W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich

in The Bioarchaeology of Individuals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038070
eISBN:
9780813043135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038070.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents the osteobiography of a woman whose remains (represented only by a cranium, mandible, two cervical vertebrae, and two hand phalanges) were buried in association with a medieval ... More


Holocene Monterey Bay Fur Seals: Distribution, Dates, and Ecological Implications

Diane Gifford-Gonzalez

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The research reported in this chapter has proceeded on the assumption that zooarchaeological, stable isotopic, and ancient DNA analyses can, in combination, elucidate the longer-term histories of ... More


The Bioarchaeology of Leprosy

Charlotte A. Roberts

in Leprosy: Past and Present

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781683401841
eISBN:
9781683402893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401841.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter explores the bone changes in the skeleton related to leprosy (paleopathology). Diagnosing leprosy in skeletons ideally requires a complete well-preserved skeleton. The facial, hand, and ... More


Mitochondrial DNA Haplotypes in Pre-Hispanic Human Remains from Puyil Cave, Tabasco, Mexico

María Teresa Navarro-Romero, María de Lourdes Muñoz, and Enrique Alcalá-Castañeda

in Human Migration: Biocultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190945961
eISBN:
9780197555439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945961.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Previous data have established direct archaeological evidence that semisedentary forager-farmers in the Mesoamerican region existed during the millennia preceding the onset of sedentary agrarian life ... More


Building Today’s World

Lesley Newson and Peter J. Richerson

in A Story of Us: A New Look at Human Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190883201
eISBN:
9780197554821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883201.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Once they were equipped with the social tools that allowed them to maintain greater connectedness, there was no looking back for our ancestors. They evolved much more complex cultures. Once the ... More


Early Peopling of the Americas: A Palaeogenetics Perspective

Constanza de la Fuente, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar, and Maanasa Raghavan

in Human Migration: Biocultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190945961
eISBN:
9780197555439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945961.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our current understanding of the early peopling of the Americas includes sources, numbers, timings, and routes of the early migrations into the Americas. This knowledge is held primarily in light of ... More


Mitochondrial DNA Analysis and Pre-Hispanic Maya Migrations: Languages and Climate Influence

Maria de Lourdes Muñoz-Moreno, Mirna Isabel Ochoa-Lugo, Gerardo Pérez-Ramírez, Kristine G. Beaty, Adrián Martínez Meza, and Michael H. Crawford

in Human Migration: Biocultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190945961
eISBN:
9780197555439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945961.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Maya civilization developed in Mesoamerica persisted approximately 3,000 years and was one of the most advanced of its time. Mayas had the only known full writing system, as well as highly ... More


Ice Age Humans (30,000 Years Ago)

Lesley Newson and Peter J. Richerson

in A Story of Us: A New Look at Human Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190883201
eISBN:
9780197554821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883201.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Starting about 35,000 years ago, humans seem to have made a great leap forward culturally. The authors argue that this wasn’t because of genetic changes that caused the human brain to have increased ... More


The Ages-at-Death and Sexes of the Sunghir Humans

Erik Trinkaus, Alexandra P. Buzhilova, Maria B. Mednikova, and Maria V. Dobrovolskaya

in The People of Sunghir: Burials, Bodies, and Behavior in the Earlier Upper Paleolithic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199381050
eISBN:
9780197562956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199381050.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Assessment of the ages-at-death and the probable sexes of the Sunghir humans provides a baseline for their paleobiological evaluation. The former is particularly important for the comparative ... More


The Paleobiology of the Sunghir People

Erik Trinkaus, Alexandra P. Buzhilova, Maria B. Mednikova, and Maria V. Dobrovolskaya

in The People of Sunghir: Burials, Bodies, and Behavior in the Earlier Upper Paleolithic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199381050
eISBN:
9780197562956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199381050.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The preceding chapters provide extensive information on the context, mortuary rituals, skeletal and dental morphology and morphometrics, dental wear, functional anatomy, paleopathology, and ... More


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