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Bounded Rationality in Latin-American Pension Reform

Kurt Weyland

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the decision-making process surrounding pension reform in Latin America. It argues decision to emulate the Chilean model did not follow the procedures of full, ‘economic’ ... More


Measuring Advertising Productivity

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter begins by evaluating methods for determining how productive the firm's aggregate advertising spending is in both the short and long runs. Following this, it analyzes methods for ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties II: Sortal Concepts and Principles of Individuation

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines David Wiggins’s version of sortal essentialism, which relies on the EPI thesis, that a thing’s principle of individuation is essential to it in order to derive the result that ... More


Example of Model Building: Electoral Volatility

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The foremost mental roadblocks in predictive model building are refusal to make outrageous simplifications and reluctance to play with means of extreme cases. “Ignorance-based” models focus on ... More


Forbidden Areas and Anchor Points

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The outcomes of sociopolitical processes often depend on the factor in shortest supply; this makes multiplication of factors superior to their addition. Naïve linear regression may not detect all ... More


Conclusions: A Theory of Anchoring?

Leonardo Morlino

in Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis: Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280828
eISBN:
9780191599965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280823.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A set of specific hypotheses sums up the main results of the research. The anchoring process is suggested to be the main explanation of consolidation and crisis. So a ‘theory of anchoring’ is the ... More


Recommendations for Better Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Take seriously the introductory advice by most introductory texts of statistics: graph the data and look at the graph so as to make sure linear regression makes sense from a statistical viewpoint. ... More


Treatments to Improve Measurement

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter illustrates population-based experiments designed to improve measurement. These are descendants of the early split-ballot approach, also geared toward improving measurement of attitudes ... More


Propositions and truth

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Thought as expressed in language is propositionally structured. The notion of proposition is explained in a historical context. Utterance tokens are per se context‐dependent: they are contextually ... More


Tonal Tension and Attraction

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter applies the pitch-space model to sequences and hierarchies of events to reveal patterns of tonal tension and attraction. Intuitions of tonal tension and relaxation correspond to ... More


Organizational and Institutional Genesis: The Emergence of High-Tech Clusters in the Life Sciences

Walter W. Powell, Kelley Packalen, and Kjersten Whittington

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines eleven regions in the United States in the 1980s and 1990s that were all rich in resources—ideas, money, and skills—which might have led to the formation of life sciences ... More


Why the Valley Went First: Aggregation and Emergence in Regional Inventor Networks

Lee Fleming, Lyra Colfer, Alexandra Marin, and Jonathan McPhie

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter shows the early emergence of Silicon Valley and Boston. Much has been made of the cultural differences between Silicon Valley in the Bay Area and Boston's Route 128. The chapter digs ... More


‘[T]aking up Plots upon Trust’:1 Titus Oates, Roger L’Estrange, and Popular Polemic

Peter Hinds

in ‘The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264430
eISBN:
9780191733994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264430.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses an introduction to Titus Oates and Roger L'Estrange. It provides contexts for their behaviour and actions in the 1670s and 1680s. The author uses L'Estrange as an observer and ... More


An Anchoring Model of Errors

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter offers a specific error-driven theory of lightness framed in terms of the rules of anchoring. The lightness model described in Gilchrist et al. (1999) is presented in more detail in this ... More


Theories of Lightness

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter outlines and critiques all the main theories of lightness, laying out the strengths and weaknesses of each. These include the past experience theories, contrast theories, brightness ... More


The Anchoring Problem

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter deals with the essential but only recently recognized problem of anchoring in lightness perception. Previously, lightness theories had no anchoring rules and thus could predict only ... More


Concluding Remarks

Leonardo Morlino

in Changes for Democracy: Actors, Structures, Processes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572533
eISBN:
9780191731082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572533.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Comparative Politics

The four key theoretical mechanisms that came out of the entire research are recalled and the prospects for future research on the field are proposed. Finally, the issue of what policy ... More


The Wealth Escalator and the Debt Anchor

Mariko Lin Chang

in Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter discusses the concept of the wealth escalator as the mechanism for understanding why men have an advantage when it comes to translating income into wealth. It also discusses the debt ... More


Finiteness in gapping

Sophie Repp

in Negation in Gapping

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543601
eISBN:
9780191715587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543601.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chapter 5 delivers a new semantic definition of gapping: it is the referential anchoring of a sentence which is elided in the second conjunct of a gapping sentence. It shows that gapping does not ... More


Heuristic‐Driven Bias: The First Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Statistics and probability are essential concepts when it comes to risk. Yet, most people have poor intuition about statistics and probabilities. Instead of behaving like professional statisticians, ... More


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