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The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book provides an updated theory of the nature of anxiety and the brain systems controlling anxiety, combined with a theory of hippocampal function, which was first proposed thirty years ago. ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


What Is Missing From the Judgemental Analysis?: Brain Research and Limitations on Stoic Cognitive Therapy

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What is the missing element in the analysis of emotion as value judgement which Posidonius tried to fill with his movements of soul capacities? Perhaps the bodily reactions, only sometimes noticed, ... More


Transplantation studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Removed insular cortex (IC – about 3 mm3) can be substituted 60 days later by homotopic fetal IC transplant allowing CTA relearning. Similar attempts to compensate the lesioned amygdala by ... More


The neurology of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data from a range of disciplines and, in particular, the comparison of lesion effects with those of anti-anxiety drugs. It presents an essentially two-dimensional picture of the ... More


Imagination and Emotion

Timothy Schroeder and Carl Matheson

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Theorists in the philosophy of art and philosophy of psychology are converging on the view that imagining is a distinct propositional attitude. When one imagines that P (while engaging with a ... More


Dissociating Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The origin of each of the major memory systems of the brain is the vast expanse of the cerebral cortex, in particular on the highest stages of the several distinct sensory and motor processing ... More


Emotional Memory and Memory Modulation

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews behavioral and anatomical studies showing that areas in the temporal lobe are involved in the appreciation of emotional cues and in the expression of emotional behaviors. Also ... More


Circuits of Emotion in the Primate Brain

Katalin M. Gothard and Kari L. Hoffman

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive processes including emotion, reward, memory, social behavior, numerosity, and executive control. The first section identifies the main ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Connections of orbital cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the connections of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex. Intrinsic connections indicate the presence of distinct orbital and medial networks, with the orbital network ... More


Sequential and parallel circuits for emotional processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex

Helen Barbas and Basilis Zikopoulos

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Several features of the circuits of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) suggest that it is in an ideal position to convey signals associated with the emotional significance of events. Key features of this ... More


From associations to expectancies: orbitofrontal cortex as gateway between the limbic system and representational memory

Matthew Roesch and Geoffrey Schoenbaum

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the role of the rodent orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in the control of associative information and its application to govern behavior. Recent findings support a critical role for ... More


Stress and the Hippocampus

Morris Richard

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the role of the hippocampal formation and other “higher” structures, such as the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, in the negative feedback regulation of the ... More


The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Brain organization for emotion — how emotional states are implemented in our brains, and the function of different brain regions in emotion — is one of the topics of this chapter. This chapter ... More


Brain-stimulation reward

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers self-stimulation of the brain, which includes the identification of reward systems in the brain, and the hypothalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, and ventral striatum.


Emotional Influences on Visuospatial Attention

Harlan M Fichtenholtz and Kevin S LaBar

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on how emotional processing in the amygdala and related limbic regions interact with frontoparietal attentional control systems and the visual processing stream. Such effects ... More


Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents substantial direct evidence for the existence and initial localization of multiple memory systems in the brain. Multiple dissociation studies show that in rats the hippocampal ... More


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