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The future with amphetamines

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The previous chapters have reviewed the various uses and abuses of amphetamines in different societies. These man-made chemicals had a great impact on ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Nathan Michael Corzine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

In 2007, the Mitchell Report shocked traditionalists who were appalled that drugs had corrupted the “pure” game of baseball. This book rescues the story of baseball's relationship with drugs from the ... More


Amphetamine psychosis:: how research on amphetamines provided new insights into the brain mechanisms underlying schizophrenia

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The resemblance between amphetamine-induced psychosis and some forms of schizophrenia generated much interest in the research community. New lines of ... More


Poisoning and Pharmacology

Nigel Lane, Louise Powter, and Sam Patel (eds)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199680269
eISBN:
9780191918360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680269.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Stimulants and Dopamine Augmenters

Chiadi U. Onyike

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Stimulants are typically prescribed for their positive effects on mood, motivation, alertness, arousal, and energy. They are believed to exert their ... More


Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

LESLIE IVERSEN

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines have had a relatively short, though chequered history. From their use in wartime, their abuse by the beat generation, up to the popularity of Ecstasy in the ... More


Introduction

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines come in many different forms and have powerful effects for good and evil. An epidemic of methamphetamine abuse is sweeping through the USA ... More


What are amphetamines and how do they work in the brain?

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the chemistry of amphetamines and their effects on the brain. Amphetamines are easily administered by a variety of routes and they ... More


Illicit amphetamine use around the world

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A United Nations report (United Nations 2003) estimated a worldwide total of 34 million people who regularly abuse amphetamine-like stimulants and 8 ... More


How dangerous are the amphetamines?

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

All drugs, even such apparently innocuous ones as aspirin, carry some health risks. But how dangerous are the amphetamines? Can an overdose kill someone? ... More


How is Schizophrenia Diagnosed?

Stephen J. Glatt, Stephen V. Faraone, and Ming T. Tsuang

in Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198813774
eISBN:
9780191917233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813774.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The diagnosis of schizophrenia cannot be made based on the results of an ob­jective diagnostic test or laboratory measure, though we and others are working towards ... More


Psychiatry of older adults

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The provision of mental health services for older adults faces two main challenges: … 1 The world population is ageing, leading to increased numbers of ... More


Mood disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0029
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Variations in mood are part of normal experience; we all have our ‘good’ and ‘bad’ days and different ways of managing these. Sadness is a natural ... More


Schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0030
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Schizophrenia and related disorders are a group of conditions characterized by psychotic symptoms which lead to impairments in thinking, feelings, ... More


Anxiety and obsessional disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0032
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In the community, the term ‘anxiety’ is frequently as­sociated with a stressful Western lifestyle and thought of as a modern phenomenon— but this is far ... More


Problems due to use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0037
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Archaeological evidence has demonstrated that for at least the past 10,000 years humans have been using psychoactive substances. From the chewing of coca ... More


Drugs

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

History has always known antidepressant remedies. In an era of faith, the faithful held to the Word as an augury of recovery: “cast down, but not destroyed.” But in a ... More


Context

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Consider the current landscape of depression. In an ABC poll in 2002, 15% of Americans said they felt “really depressed” once a week or more. Another 17% said once a ... More


Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Vladan Starcevic, MD, PhD

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195369250
eISBN:
9780197562642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195369250.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The main characteristics of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are chronic pathological worry, other manifestations of nonphobic anxiety, and various symptoms of ... More


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