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The future with amphetamines

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The previous chapters have reviewed the various uses and abuses of amphetamines in different societies. These man-made chemicals had a great impact on ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Nathan Michael Corzine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

In 2007, the Mitchell Report shocked traditionalists who were appalled that drugs had corrupted the “pure” game of baseball. This book rescues the story of baseball's relationship with drugs from the ... More


Amphetamine psychosis:: how research on amphetamines provided new insights into the brain mechanisms underlying schizophrenia

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The resemblance between amphetamine-induced psychosis and some forms of schizophrenia generated much interest in the research community. New lines of ... More


Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

LESLIE IVERSEN

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines have had a relatively short, though chequered history. From their use in wartime, their abuse by the beat generation, up to the popularity of Ecstasy in the ... More


Introduction

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines come in many different forms and have powerful effects for good and evil. An epidemic of methamphetamine abuse is sweeping through the USA ... More


What are amphetamines and how do they work in the brain?

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the chemistry of amphetamines and their effects on the brain. Amphetamines are easily administered by a variety of routes and they ... More


Illicit amphetamine use around the world

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A United Nations report (United Nations 2003) estimated a worldwide total of 34 million people who regularly abuse amphetamine-like stimulants and 8 ... More


How dangerous are the amphetamines?

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

All drugs, even such apparently innocuous ones as aspirin, carry some health risks. But how dangerous are the amphetamines? Can an overdose kill someone? ... More


Molecular Culprits

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses three categories of drugs that people become addicted to. The first of these, morphine-like substances, or “opioids,” are probably the psychoactive drugs whose use goes the ... More


Where’s the Dexamyl, Doc?

Nathan Michael Corzine

in Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter discusses the history of drug use in Major League Baseball (MLB). It begins with Twentieth-Century Fox's baseball fantasy It Happens Every Spring, the story of a nerdy chemistry ... More


Conclusion

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This concluding chapter discusses the rise of consumption of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) in Southeast Asia, and examines policy implications of research findings. It argues that China and Burma ... More


Dopamine and the elements of incentive learning

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Dopamine and the elements of incentive learning explains how, in lever pressing for food tasks, incentive learning produces a gradient of attractiveness of environment stimuli: during magazine ... More


Overclocking the brain? The potential and limitations of cognition-enhancing drugs

Reinoud de Jongh

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter critically examines the available evidence for the possibility of pharmacological enhancement of cognition. It looks at the effects of the most promising cognition-enhancing drugs ... More


Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

Stephan Schleim and Boris B. Quednow

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter we argue that the use of stimulant drugs as performance enhancers is neither new nor more common than it was decades ago. Our literature analysis of scientific sources from the ... More


Lessons for enhancement from the history of cocaine and amphetamine use

Stephanie Bell, Jayne Lucke, and Wayne Hall

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We describe historical experiences with two medicinal drugs for which cognitive enhancement claims were made, cocaine in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and amphetamines in the ... More


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